Health Indicator Report of Lung Cancer Incidence
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death in Utah and the U.S. In 2014 it is estimated that 159,260 U.S. deaths will be due to lung cancer. Because symptoms often do not appear until the disease is advanced, early detection of this cancer is difficult. Cigarette smoking is the single most important risk factor for lung cancer. There are more than 80 carcinogens in cigarette smoke. Other risk factors include occupational or environmental exposure to secondhand smoke, radon, asbestos (particularly among smokers), certain metals (chromium, cadmium, arsenic), some organic chemicals, radiation, air pollution, and probably a medical history of tuberculosis. Genetic susceptibility plays a contributing role in the development of lung cancer, especially in those who develop the disease at a younger age.
Lung Cancer Age-adjusted Incidence Rate by Year, Utah and U.S., 1980-2011
NotesAge-adjusted to U.S. 2000 population. U.S. rates represent Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program data collected from nine cancer registries nationwide.
- The cancer data was provided by the Utah Cancer Registry, which is funded by contract HHSN2612013000171 from the National Cancer Institute's SEER Program with additional support from the Utah Department of Health and the University of Utah
- Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2012
DefinitionThe rate of lung cancer incidence in Utah per 100,000 population.
NumeratorThe number of incidents of lung cancer among Utah residents for a given time period (ICD-10: C33-C34).
DenominatorThe population of Utah or U.S. for a specific time period.
How Are We Doing?The age-adjusted rate of lung cancer incidence in the state of Utah reached a low of 24.9 per 100,000 population in 2008. Between 2007 and 2011 TriCounty Health District had the highest rate of lung cancer at 44.7 per 100,000 population and Utah County Health District had the lowest lung cancer incidence rate (18.5 per 100,000 population).
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?The lung cancer incidence rate in Utah is less than half the U.S. rate. In 2010 (the most recent national data available) the U.S. lung cancer incidence rate was 57.2 per 100,000 population compared to the Utah rate of 26.4 per 100,000 population.
What Is Being Done?Since nearly 90% of lung cancer deaths are attributed to smoking, public health programs to reduce lung cancer focus on tobacco prevention and control. Utah's statewide Tobacco Prevention and Control Program coordinates efforts to accomplish the following four goals: to prevent youth from starting to use tobacco, to help tobacco users quit, to eliminate exposure to secondhand smoke, and to reduce tobacco-related disparities. In addition, the Utah Department of Health initiated the Utah Cancer Action Network (UCAN), a statewide partnership whose goal is to reduce the burden of cancer. The mission of the UCAN is to lower cancer incidence and mortality in Utah through collaborative efforts directed toward cancer prevention and control. As a result of this planning process, objectives and strategies have been developed by community partners regarding the early detection of cervical, testicular, prostate, skin, breast, and colorectal cancers as well as the promotion of physical activity, healthy eating habits, and smoking cessation.
Available ServicesThe Tobacco Prevention and Control Program (TPCP) provides technical expertise and coordination at state and community levels to prevent and reduce tobacco use in Utah. TPCP programs include statewide and community based services to help smokers quit, The TRUTH anti-tobacco marketing campaign, and youth tobacco prevention partnerships with local health departments, schools, and community agencies. Further efforts to reduce the negative health effects of tobacco use focus on strengthening tobacco-free policies and reducing youth access to tobacco products. The Tobacco Prevention and Control Program monitors smoking prevalence among adult Utahns through the statewide Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System and among students through the Youth Risk Behavior Survey.
Health Program InformationFree services that assist smokers with quitting include the Utah Tobacco Quit Line (1-888-567-TRUTH), a web-based cessation service (www.utahquitnet.com), and school- and community-based quit programs for teens, adults, and pregnant women.
Page Content Updated On 08/25/2014, Published on 09/09/2014