Gestational diabetes mellitus is defined as having abnormally high blood glucose levels during pregnancy. This abnormality
usually disappears after pregnancy, although as many as 5 to 10 percent of women with gestational diabetes may actually have
had undiagnosed type 2 diabetes. Women with gestational diabetes tend to have a higher risk of developing diabetes later in
life. At least 40 percent of mothers with gestational diabetes will develop diabetes within 20 years. Mothers with gestational
diabetes are more likely to have large babies (over 4,000 grams), a risk factor for unelected cesarean section delivery and
adverse birth outcomes. Infants born to women with gestational diabetes have a higher risk of developing diabetes and obesity
Percentage of Utah Birth Records Indicating Gestational Diabetes by Year, 1990-2010
The prevalence of gestational diabetes in Utah has risen steadily since 1990, increasing from 1.4 percent to 3.7 percent of
Prior to 1997, Utah birth certificates did not differentiate between gestational and pre-existing diabetes. Gestational diabetes
rates prior to 1997 were estimated. The average percentage of all diabetes births (between 1997 and 2001) that indicated gestational
diabetes was applied to previous years to create this estimate.
Utah Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health.
Percentages of births listing gestational diabetes on the birth certificate.
How We Calculated the Rates
Number of live births listing gestational diabetes on birth certificate.
Number of live births for Utah residents.
Page Content Updated On 02/29/2012,
Published on 03/05/2012
Healthy Living Through Environment, Policy and Improved Clinical Care (EPICC), Bureau of Health Promotion, Division of Disease Control and Prevention, Utah Department of Health, Salt Lake City, UT 84114-2107,
Contact: Brenda Ralls, 801-538-6083, Email: email@example.com or Athena Carolan, 801-538-9209, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
The information provided above is from the Utah Department of Health's Center for
Health Data IBIS-PH web site (http://ibis.health.utah.gov). The information published
on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation:
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from Utah Department of
Health, Center for Health Data, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web