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Health Indicator Report of Depression: Adult Prevalence

Approximately 17.9% of adults in the U.S. experienced some kind of mental illness during 2015^1^, Of all mental illnesses, depression is the most common disorder^2^, with 6.7% of adults suffering from at least one episode of major depression during 2015^3^. Major depression is defined as having severe symptoms that interfere with a person's ability to work, sleep, study, eat, and enjoy life. Symptoms of major depression may include fatigue or loss of energy, feelings of worthlessness or guilt, impaired concentration, loss of interest in daily activities, appetite or weight changes, sleep changes, and recurring thoughts of death or suicide. Despite the availability of effective treatments for major depression, such as medications and/or psychotherapeutic techniques, it often goes unrecognized and untreated.^4^[[br]] [[br]] ---- 1. National Institute of Mental Health. ''Any Mental Illness (AMI) Among U.S. Adults''. Retrieved from [https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/statistics/prevalence/any-mental-illness-ami-among-us-adults.shtml] on November 6, 2017. [[br]] 2. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. ''Healthy People 2010''. 2nd ed. With Understanding and Improving Health and Objectives for Improving Health. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, November 2000.[[br]] 3. National Institute of Mental Health. ''Major Depression Among Adults''. Retrieved from [https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/statistics/prevalence/major-depression-among-adults.shtml] on November 6, 2017. [[br]] 4. National Alliance on Mental Illness Retrieved from [http://www.nami.org/Learn-More/Mental-Health-Conditions/Depression] on November 6, 2017.

Depression Prevalence, Utah and U.S., 2011-2016

Notes

The question asks about lifetime diagnosis and does not reflect current major depression.   [[br]] [[br]] Age-adjusted to the 2000 U.S. standard population. [[br]] Age-adjustment groups were 18-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-64, 65+.

Data Sources

  • Utah Data: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, Office of Public Health Assessment, Utah Department of Health
  • U.S. Data: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), Division of Behavioral Surveillance, CDC Office of Surveillance, Epidemiology, and Laboratory Services

Data Interpretation Issues

Question Text: "Has a doctor, nurse, or other health professional EVER told you that you have a depressive disorder, including depression, major depression, dysthymia, or minor depression?" NOTE: The question asks about lifetime diagnosis and does not reflect current major depression. As with all surveys, some error results from nonresponse (e.g., refusal to participate in the survey or to answer specific questions), and measurement (e.g., social desirability or recall bias). Error was minimized by use of strict calling protocols, good questionnaire design, standardization of interviewer behavior, interviewer training, and frequent, on-site interviewer monitoring and supervision.

Definition

The percentage of adult aged 18 and above who have ever been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professional that they have a depressive disorder, including depression, major depression, dysthymia, or minor depression.

Numerator

The number of adults aged 18 and above who have ever been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professional that they have a depressive disorder, including depression, major depression, dysthymia, or minor depression.

Denominator

Adults aged 18 and above.

Other Objectives

Related to Healthy People 2020 Objective MHMD-11: Increase depression screening by primary care providers.

How Are We Doing?

In Utah during 2016, adult women (28.3%) had significantly higher rates of doctor-diagnosed depression than men (14.8%). Combined years 2014-2016 Utah data showed the following: * Hispanic (16.9%), Asian (10.1%), and Pacific Islander (11.1%) adults reported lower lifetime depression than the state rate. White adults (21.9%) reported higher lifetime depression than the state rate.[[br]][[br]] * Adults with a household income less than $25,000 (31.3%) and those with a household income $25,000-$49,999 (23.0%) had significantly higher rates of lifetime doctor-diagnosed depression, while adults with an income greater than $75,000 (16.7%) had lower rates of lifetime depression.[[br]][[br]] * Depression also varied by education. Utah adults aged 25 and above with a college education (18.0%) had a lower rate of doctor-diagnosed depression than adults with less than a high school education (21.6%), those with a high school or GED (21.0%), and those with some college (23.8%).[[br]][[br]] * Adults in Jan Juan County (14.8%), Summit County (17.1%) and TriCounty (18.2%) reported lower rates of doctor-diagnosed depression than the state rate.[[br]][[br]] * Among Utah Small Areas, Provo (North)/BYU (30.2%), South Salt Lake (30.1%), Murray (28.5%), Woods Cross/North Salt Lake (27.4%), Taylorsville West (26.8%), Downtown Ogden (26.0%), and Downtown Salt Lake (25.4%) had higher rates of doctor-diagnosed depression than the state rate. East Orem (14.1%), San Juan County (14.8%), Summit County (17.1%), and TriCounty LHD (18.2%) had lower rates than the state rate.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

Utah has consistently higher rates of self-reported lifetime depression than the U.S. rate (21.5% vs. 17.3% in 2016).

What Is Being Done?

The Utah Department of Health Violence and Injury Prevention Program (VIPP) has partnered with the Division of Substance and Mental Health (DSAMH) to facilitate the Suicide Prevention Coalition and Suicide Fatality Reviews. In addition, six local health districts (Bear River, Davis, Summit, Tooele, Utah, Weber-Morgan) have been funded to do suicide prevention activities such as promoting mental health resources and help-seeking behavior, distributing gun locks to reduce access to lethal means, and training the community in suicide prevention using evidence based/promising practice programs like Signs of Suicide, Question, Persuade, Refer (QPR), Working Minds, and SafeTALK. These trainings promote suicide first aid by teaching individuals to recognize the warning signs of suicide, how to offer hope, and how to refer to resources and save a life.

Available Services

The Utah Department of Human Services Division of Substance Abuse and Mental Health (DSAMH) is the state agency responsible for ensuring that mental health services are available statewide. The Division also acts as a resource by providing general information, research results, and statistics to the public regarding substances of abuse and mental health services. The Division contracts with Community Mental Health Centers (CMHC) to provide these services and monitors these centers through site visits, a year-end review process, and a peer review process. Address:[[br]] Department of Human Services[[br]] Division of Substance Abuse and Mental Health[[br]] 195 North 1950 West[[br]] Salt Lake City, Utah 84116 Phone: 801-538-3939[[br]] Fax: 801-538-9892[[br]] [https://dsamh.utah.gov/]
Page Content Updated On 01/29/2018, Published on 01/29/2018
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Content updated: Tue, 2 Oct 2018 09:34:14 MDT