Indicator Report - Colorectal Cancer Deaths
Why Is This Important?Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in Utah and the U.S. When national cancer-related deaths are estimated separately for males and females, colorectal cancer is the third leading cause of cancer death behind lung and breast cancer for females and behind lung and prostate cancer for males. Deaths from colorectal cancer can be substantially reduced when precancerous polyps are detected early and removed. When colorectal cancer is diagnosed early, 90% of patients survive at least five years(1).
Several scientific organizations recommend that routine screening for colorectal cancer begin at age 50 for adults at average risk. Persons at high risk may need to begin screening at a younger age. Routine screening can include either annual fecal occult blood test (FOBT), and/or flexible sigmoidoscopy every five years or colonoscopy every 10 years or double-contrast barium enema every 5 to 10 years. A randomized clinical trial has demonstrated that annual screening with FOBT can reduce colorectal cancer deaths by 33 percent in individuals over age 50(2). The National Cancer Institute advises each individual to discuss risk factors and screening options with his or her health care provider. Medicare and many insurance plans now help to pay for colorectal cancer screening.
Data NotesCodes used to define colorectal cancer: ICD-10 C18-21.
Age adjusted to U.S. 2000 standard population using 3 age groups, 0-44, 45-64, and 65+.
*Use caution when interpreting rates for American Indian/Native Alaskan and Pacific Islander. The estimates have a coefficient of variation >30% and are therefore deemed unreliable by Utah Department of Health standards.
Data SourcesUtah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health. Population Estimates by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin for Counties in Utah, U.S. Bureau of the Census, IBIS Version 2013.
DefinitionThe rate of death from cancer of the colon or rectum (ICD-10: C18-C21) per 100,000 persons.
How We Calculated the Rates
Page Content Updated On 11/05/2014, Published on 12/04/2014