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Indicator Report - Colorectal Cancer Deaths

Why Is This Important?

Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in Utah and the U.S. When national cancer-related deaths are estimated separately for males and females, colorectal cancer is the third leading cause of cancer death behind lung and breast cancer for females and behind lung and prostate cancer for males. Deaths from colorectal cancer can be substantially reduced when precancerous polyps are detected early and removed. When colorectal cancer is diagnosed early, 90% of patients survive at least five years(1).

Several scientific organizations recommend that routine screening for colorectal cancer begin at age 50 for adults at average risk. Persons at high risk may need to begin screening at a younger age. Routine screening can include either annual fecal occult blood test (FOBT), and/or flexible sigmoidoscopy every five years or colonoscopy every 10 years or double-contrast barium enema every 5 to 10 years. A randomized clinical trial has demonstrated that annual screening with FOBT can reduce colorectal cancer deaths by 33 percent in individuals over age 50(2). The National Cancer Institute advises each individual to discuss risk factors and screening options with his or her health care provider. Medicare and many insurance plans now help to pay for colorectal cancer screening.

Colorectal Cancer Deaths by Ethnicity, Utah, 2009-2011

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Data Notes

Age-adjusted to U.S. 2000 standard population.

Data Sources

Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health. Population Estimates by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin for Counties in Utah (2010 Census), U.S. Bureau of the Census.

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Definition

The rate of death from cancer of the colon or rectum (ICD-10: C18-C21) per 100,000 persons.

How We Calculated the Rates

Numerator: The number of deaths due to colorectal cancer for a given time period (ICD-10: C18-C21).
Denominator: The population in Utah or the U.S. for a given time period.

Page Content Updated On 11/14/2013, Published on 11/19/2013
The information provided above is from the Utah Department of Health's Center for Health Data IBIS-PH web site (http://ibis.health.utah.gov). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Thu, 23 October 2014 2:39:09 from Utah Department of Health, Center for Health Data, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.utah.gov".

Content updated: Tue, 19 Nov 2013 23:09:26 MST