Indicator Report - Cervical Cancer Screening (Pap)
Why Is This Important?Cervical cancer is one of the most curable cancers if detected early through routine screening.
Almost all cases of cervical cancer are caused by infection with high-risk types of the human papillomavirus (HPV). The HPV vaccine protects against the HPV types that most often cause cervical cancer. Women who have had an HPV vaccine still need to have routine Pap smears because the vaccine does not fully protect against all the strains of the virus and other risk factors that can cause cervical cancer.
HPV is transmitted through sexual contact. Any woman who is sexually active is at risk for developing cervical cancer. Other risk factors include giving birth to many children, having sexual relations at an early age, having multiple sex partners or partners with many other partners, cigarette smoking, and use of oral contraceptives.
Cervical cancer screening should begin about three years after a woman begins having intercourse but no later than 21 years of age. Cervical screening should be performed every year with conventional Pap tests or every two years with liquid-based Pap tests. Beginning at age 30, women who have had three normal test results in a row may undergo screening every two to three years.
Data NotesTo reduce bias and more accurately represent population data, the BRFSS has changed survey methodology. It began conducting surveys by cellular phone in addition to landline phones. It also adopted "iterative proportional fitting" (raking) as its weighting method. The data used in creating this graph was calculated using the new weighting methodology. Age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population based on 3 age groups: 18-34, 35-49, and 50+. *Insufficient number of cases to meet UDOH standard for data reliability for Black and Pacific Islander, interpret with caution.
Data SourcesUtah Data: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, Office of Public Health Assessment, Utah Department of Health.
DefinitionThe proportion of women 18 years or older who reported having a Pap test in the last three years.
How We Calculated the Rates
Page Content Updated On 07/30/2013, Published on 08/08/2013