Health Indicator Report of Cervical Cancer Incidence
With the availability of screening tests and the HPV vaccine, cervical cancer is highly preventable. Almost all cases of cervical cancer are caused by infection with high-risk types of the human papillomavirus (HPV). The HPV vaccine protects against the HPV types that most often cause cervical cancer. Other risk factors include smoking, immunosuppresion, chlamydia infection, diet, oral contraceptives, family history, young age at the first full-term pregnancy, and multiple full-term pregnancies. Cervical cancer usually can be found early by having regular Pap tests. Between 60% and 80% of American women who are diagnosed with invasive cervical cancer have not had a Pap test in the past five years. Cervical cancer is one of the most curable cancers if detected early through routine screening.
Cervical Cancer Incidence by Year, Utah and U.S., 1990-2012
NotesAge-adjusted to U.S. 2000 population. [[br]] U.S. rates represent United States Cancer Statistics: 1999-2012 Incidence from the CDC WONDER Online Database. [http://wonder.cdc.gov/cancer-v2012.html]
- Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2014
- The cancer data was provided by the Utah Cancer Registry, which is funded by contract HHSN2612013000171 from the National Cancer Institute's SEER Program with additional support from the Utah Department of Health and the University of Utah
DefinitionThe rate of cervical cancer incidence in Utah or U.S. per 100,000 females.
NumeratorThe number of cervical cancer incidents among Utah or U.S. women (ICD-9: 180.0-180.9 and ICD-10: C53).
DenominatorThe female population of Utah or U.S.
Healthy People Objective C-10:Reduce invasive uterine cervical cancer
U.S. Target: 7.2 new cases per 100,000 females
State Target: currently being revised
How Are We Doing?Utah's cervical cancer rate peaked at 11.8 per 100,000 women in 1992. The most recent data (2012), shows a rate of 4.8 per 100,000 women. For combined years 2009-2012, Central Utah Health District had the highest age-adjusted incidence rate (11.8 per 100,000 females) and was the only health district with an incidence rate significantly higher than the state rate of 5.3 cases per 100,000 females. Utah County Health District had the lowest incidence rate with 3.9 new cases per 100,000 females.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?Utah's rate of women diagnosed with cervical cancer has been lower than the U.S. rate. for more than the past decade. Utah's rate in 2012 (most recent year data available) was 4.8 women diagnosed with cancer per 100,000 women compared with the national rate of 7.4 per 100,000 women.
What Is Being Done?The UDOH Utah Cancer Control Program (UCCP) distributes free mammography vouchers to women who receive a clinical breast exam at a UCCP sponsored clinic and meet age and income guidelines. In addition, the Utah Department of Health initiated the Utah Cancer Action Network (UCAN), a statewide partnership whose goal is to reduce the burden of cancer. The mission of the UCAN is to lower cancer incidence and mortality in Utah through collaborative efforts directed toward cancer prevention and control. As a result of this planning process, objectives and strategies have been developed by community partners regarding the early detection of cervical, testicular, prostate, skin, breast, and colorectal cancers as well as the promotion of physical activity, healthy eating habits, and smoking cessation.
Available ServicesThe Utah Cancer Control Program (UCCP) provides free to low cost clinical breast exams and mammograms to women who meet age and income guidelines. Eligible women with abnormal screening exams are offered diagnostic evaluation by participating providers. As of July 1, 2001, the UCCP is able to refer Utah women in need of treatment for breast and cervical cancers for full Medicaid benefits. The women must meet all requirements as outlined in the National Breast and Cervical Cancer Treatment Act.
Health Program InformationIn 1976, the UDOH received a cervical cancer grant from the National Cancer Institute. In 1980, the UDOH began providing clinical breast exams and Pap tests on a sliding fee scale. In 1993, state funding was appropriated for mammography. That same year the UCCP first received a capacity building grant from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to conduct breast and cervical cancer screening in Utah. A comprehensive grant was awarded to the program in 1994 to continue breast and cervical cancer screening. Since 1994, the UCCP and partners, including local health departments, mammography facilities, pathology laboratories, and private providers, have worked together to ensure the appropriate and timely provision of clinical services. The UCCP continues to receive funding from the CDC for breast and cervical cancer screening. Additionally, the UCCP receives funding to implement comprehensive cancer control strategies that were identified by the Utah Cancer Action Network (UCAN) statewide partnership.
Page Content Updated On 11/05/2015, Published on 12/24/2015