Health Indicator Report of Cervical Cancer Death
Cervical cancer is one of the most curable cancers if detected early through routine screening. Almost all cases of cervical cancer are caused by infection with high-risk types of the human papillomavirus (HPV). The HPV vaccine protects against the HPV types that most often cause cervical cancer. Women who have had an HPV vaccine still need to have routine Pap smears because the vaccine does not fully protect against all the strains of the virus and other risk factors that can cause cervical cancer. HPV is transmitted through sexual contact. Any woman who is sexually active is at risk for developing cervical cancer. Other risk factors include giving birth to many children, having sexual relations at an early age, having multiple sex partners or partners with many other partners, cigarette smoking, and use of oral contraceptives. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends cervical cancer screening (Pap smear) every 3 years for women 21 to 65 years old. For women 30 to 65 years old, Pap smears may be conducted every 5 years in conjunction with human papillomavirus (HPV) testing.
Cervical Cancer Deaths, Utah and U.S., 1980-2014
NotesAge-adjusted to U.S. 2000 population. [[br]] *Use caution when interpreting, the estimate does not meet UDOH standards for reliability.
- Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
- Population Estimates: Utah Governor's Office of Planning and Budget
- Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2014
- U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, on-line data - CDC WONDER
DefinitionThe rate of death from cancer of the cervix in Utah or U.S. per 100,000 women.
NumeratorThe number of deaths due to cervix cancer among Utah or U.S. women for a given time period (ICD-9: 180 and ICD-10: C53).
DenominatorThe female population of Utah or U.S. for a given time period.
Healthy People Objective C-4:Reduce the death rate from cancer of the uterine cervix
U.S. Target: 2.2 deaths per 100,000 females
State Target: currently being revised
Other ObjectivesCSTE Chronic Disease Indicators
How Are We Doing?The cervical cancer death rate in Utah decreased two years in a row. In 2014, the rate was 0.8 deaths per 100,000 females, down from 1.6 deaths per 100,000 females in 2013 and 1.8 deaths per 100,000 females in 2012.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?The age-adjusted cervical cancer mortality rate in Utah has been consistently lower than the U.S. age-adjusted rate. In 2012 (the most recent national data provided by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), the U.S. cervical cancer mortality rate was 2.3 per 100,000 females compared with the Utah rate of 1.8 per 100,000 females. This difference was not statistically significant.
What Is Being Done?The Utah Cancer Control Program (UCCP) provides free to low cost clinical Pap tests to women who meet age and income guidelines. Eligible women with abnormal screening exams are offered diagnostic evaluation by participating providers. In addition, the UCCP provides education about the need for early detection and the availability of screening services, conducts outreach to eligible women, uses an annual reminder system, collects outcome data, and disseminates information about breast cancer. The 2000 Utah Legislature approved a resolution encouraging private health insurance companies and employers to include insurance coverage for the screening and detection of cervical cancer. As of July 2001, the UCCP is able to refer Utah women in need of treatment for cervical cancers for full Medicaid benefits. The women must meet all requirements as outlined in the National Breast and Cervical Cancer Treatment Act. In addition, the Utah Department of Health initiated the Utah Cancer Action Network (UCAN), a statewide partnership whose goal is to reduce the burden of cancer. The mission of the UCAN is to lower cancer incidence and mortality in Utah through collaborative efforts directed toward cancer prevention and control. As a result of this planning process, objectives and strategies have been developed by community partners regarding the early detection of cervical, testicular, prostate, skin, breast, and colorectal cancers as well as the promotion of physical activity, healthy eating habits, and smoking cessation.
Available ServicesThe Utah Cancer Control Program (UCCP) provides free and low cost Pap tests and pelvic exams to women who meet age and income guidelines. Eligible women with abnormal screening exams are offered diagnostic evaluation by participating providers. As of July 1, 2001, the UCCP is able to refer Utah women in need of treatment for cervical cancers and precancerous lesions to Medicaid for full benefits. The women must meet all requirements as outlined in the National Breast and Cervical Cancer Treatment Act. In addition, the Utah Immunization Vaccines for Children (VFC) program provides low cost HPV vaccines to females ages 9 to 18 who meet income guidelines.
Page Content Updated On 11/23/2015, Published on 12/24/2015