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Health Indicator Report of Carbon Monoxide Deaths

Carbon monoxide (CO) is an odorless, colorless, and poisonous gas that can cause sudden illness and death if inhaled. CO poisoning can happen quickly and without warning. This cause of death is almost entirely preventable if proper measures are taken, such as always having a working carbon monoxide detector in your home or work. CO is found in combustion fumes, such as those produced by cars, trucks, small gasoline engines, stoves, lanterns, burning charcoal and wood, gas ranges, and heating systems. Whenever there is a flame or combustion, some deadly CO gas can be produced. CO from these sources can build up in enclosed or semi-enclosed spaces, making it a very poisonous area to breathe for people and animals. CO poisoning is especially a concern after emergency situations such as power outages or natural disasters because of certain equipment people use that give off CO. Generators, grills, charcoal-burning devices, camp stoves, or other gasoline equipment such as propane or natural gas devices should never be used inside a home, basement, garage, camper, or even outside near an open window. CO poisoning can also occur outdoors in fresh air and has been reported while boating. In this case, CO poisoning is attributed mostly to generator exhaust that builds up in areas near exhaust vents on boats. Dangerous concentrations of CO can accumulate within seconds; therefore, schedule regular engine and exhaust system maintenance with your boat and install a battery operated CO detector that you test with every use. CO poisoning is almost entirely preventable. To protect yourself from CO poisoning, use the equipment that emits CO responsibly and use a properly working carbon monoxide detector in your home. These can be purchased at most grocery and home improvement stores for relatively low cost. Additionally, it is crucial to check and maintain your CO detector, including but not limited to batteries and power source.

Carbon Monoxide Deaths by Year and Sex, Utah 2001-2006

Data Source

Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health

Data Interpretation Issues

This indicator includes only data from carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning that resulted in death. This does not include those who were hospitalized or went to the emergency department, those who were treated at the scene, or those who did not seek medical care.

Definition

Number/rate of intentional and/or unintentional deaths attributed to carbon monoxide (CO) as a primary cause of death. ICD-10 codes used to define carbon monoxide poisoning: T58, with additional codes for intentional (X67), unintentional (X47), or undetermined intent (Y17).

Numerator

Utah resident deaths due to CO poisoning.

Denominator

State population based on 2000 and 2010 census counts, with intercensal years estimated.

What Is Being Done?

There are organizations that provide free information about carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning and prevention such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Also, health promotion and outreach activities often take place to educate the public about CO poisoning and prevention. However, it is primarily up to the individual to practice behaviors to prevent CO poisoning such as installing working CO detectors and using equipment properly that emits CO gas.

Available Services

Utah Poison Control Center The Utah Poison Control Center (UPCC) is a 24-hour resource for poison information, clinical toxicology consultation, and poison prevention education. This free and confidential service is available 365 days a year. For poison emergencies, questions, and prevention information call 1-800-222-1222.
Page Content Updated On 04/03/2015, Published on 04/08/2015
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's Center for Health Data IBIS-PH web site (http://ibis.health.state.gov). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Sat, 29 August 2015 19:32:32 from Department of Health, Center for Health Data, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.gov ".

Content updated: Fri, 6 Feb 2015 11:52:48 MST