Health Indicator Report of Cancer Deaths
Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the U.S. and in Utah. According to the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, the financial costs of cancer are substantial, with the overall annual direct medial costs for cancer estimated at $88.7 billion in 2011 in the U.S. Treatment for lung, prostate, and breast cancers accounts for more than half of the direct medical costs. Cancer generally develops over several years and has many causes. Several factors both inside and outside the body contribute to the development of cancer. Some of these factors include genetics, tobacco, diet, weight, physical inactivity, and excessive sunlight exposure. Other factors include exposure to ionizing radiation and environmental chemicals that may be present in the workplace, food, air, or water such as asbestos, benzene, and arsenic.
Cancer Death Rate, Utah and U.S., 1999-2014
NotesICD-10 codes C00-C97. Age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population. U.S. data available through 2012.
- Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
- U.S. Cancer Statistics: WONDER Online Database. United States Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and National Cancer Institute. Accessed at [http://wonder.cdc.gov/cancer.html]
- Population Estimates: Utah Governor's Office of Planning and Budget
- Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2014
DefinitionThe rate of death from all cancers per 100,000 persons.
NumeratorNumber of deaths due to cancer (ICD-10 codes C00-C97).
DenominatorPopulation of Utah or U.S. for a given time period.
Healthy People Objective C-1:Reduce the overall cancer death rate
U.S. Target: 161.4 deaths per 100,000 population
State Target: currently being revised
Other ObjectivesUtah's 42 Community Health Indicators CSTE Chronic Disease Indicators
How Are We Doing?Utah's age-adjusted cancer mortality rate has been steadily decreasing, from a high of 162.7 deaths per 100,000 population in 1991 to 124.2 per 100,000 population in 2009. In 2014, Utah's age-adjusted cancer mortality rate was to 127.1 per 100,000 population representing a plateau since 2012. From 2012 to 2014 significant differences in mortality rates existed between Utah Small Areas. The cancer mortality rate ranged from a high of 185.3 per 100,000 population in Kearns V2 to a low of 97.2 per 100,000 population in Cottonwood.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?The age-adjusted cancer mortality rate in Utah has been consistently lower then the U.S. age-adjusted cancer mortality rate. For example, in 2012 (the most recent national data provided by SEER) the U.S. cancer mortality rate was 166.4 per 100,000 population compared with the Utah cancer mortality rate of 127.6 per 100,000 population.
What Is Being Done?The Utah Department of Health initiated the Utah Cancer Action Network (UCAN), a statewide partnership whose goal is to reduce the burden of cancer. The mission of the UCAN is to lower cancer incidence and mortality in Utah through collaborative efforts directed toward cancer prevention and control. As a result of this planning process, objectives and strategies have been developed by community partners regarding the early detection of cervical, lung, prostate, skin, breast, ovarian, and colorectal cancers as well as the promotion of physical activity, healthy eating habits, and smoking cessation. UCAN has five work groups and eight committees that are working on finishing up the strategies from the 2011-2015 state cancer plan and completing the writing of the 2016-2020 state cancer plan.
Available ServicesThe Utah Cancer Control Program (UCCP) provides free to low cost clinical breast exams, mammogram, pelvic exams, and Pap smears to women who meet age and income guidelines. Eligible women with abnormal screening exams are offered diagnostic evaluation by participating providers. In addition, the UCCP provides education about the need for early detection and the availability of screening services, conducts outreach to eligible women, uses an annual reminder system, collects outcome data, and disseminates information about breast and cervical cancers. Beginning on July 1, 2001, the UCCP began referring women in need of treatment for breast or cervical cancers or precancerous lesions to Utah Medicaid for treatment. (The women must meet all requirements as outlined in the National Breast and Cervical Cancer Treatment Act.)
Health Program InformationIn 1976, the Utah Department of Health received a cervical cancer grant from the National Cancer Institute. In 1980, the Utah Department of Health began providing clinical breast exams and Pap tests on a sliding fee scale. In 1993, state funding was appropriated for mammography. That same year, the Utah Cancer Control Program (UCCP) first received a capacity building grant from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to lay the groundwork for breast and cervical cancer screening in Utah. A five year comprehensive grant was awarded to the program in 1994 to continue breast and cervical cancer screening. In October 1999, this grant was renewed for an additional five years. The UCCP continues to receive funding from the CDC for breast and cervical cancer screenings. With this funding, the UCCP and partners, including local health departments, mammography facilities, pathology laboratories, and private providers, have worked together to ensure the appropriate and timely provision of clinical services. The UCCP continues to receive funding from the CDC to implement comprehensive cancer control strategies that were identified by Utah Cancer Action Network statewide partnership.
Page Content Updated On 01/04/2016, Published on 01/04/2016