Indicator Report - Birth Defects: Congenital Heart Defects
Why Is This Important?Congenital heart defects are among the most common birth defects. Many affected children require medical and surgical treatment. Even after treatment, some children may be at increased risk of illness and death because of cardiovascular complications, rhythm abnormalities, or other long-term adverse events.
As treatment and support continually improves, an increasing number of affected people live longer and healthier lives. Adolescents and adults that have been successfully treated now represent a growing group in the population and have specific health care needs.
Tracking congenital heart defects in Utah is crucial in assessing the impact of these common conditions, evaluating their causes, and helping to plan appropriately for the care of affected children and adults.
Burden of disease and medical costs associated with congenital heart defects are substantial. $1.2 billion is the estimated lifetime cost for U.S. children born in a single year with one of four major heart defects (tetralogy of Fallot, transposition of the great arteries, single ventricle, truncus arteriosus) (Waitzman and collaborators, 1994).
Data SourcesUtah Birth Defect Network. Utah Department of Health.
DefinitionNumber of cases of major heart defects per 1,000 births.
How We Calculated the Rates
Page Content Updated On 09/10/2010, Published on 09/13/2010