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Important Facts for Substance Abuse - Adolescents

Definition

Students who reported using alcohol or marijuana during the past 30 days. Data from the Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) are from students in grades 9-12. Data from the Prevention Needs Assessment Survey (PNA) are from students in grades 8, 10, and 12.

Numerator

Number of students who reported using alcohol or marijuana during the past 30 days.

Denominator

All public school students in grades 9-12 (YRBS) or grades 8, 10, and 12 (PNA).

Data Interpretation Issues

The Youth Risk Behavior Survey is a nationally standardized survey. The Prevention Needs Assessment Survey is a state sponsored survey. Both of these surveys are administered by the School Health and Risk Prevention (SHARP) project and are conducted at the state level every odd-numbered year. Students complete a paper-and-pencil questionnaire during a class period. Students responses are anonymous. The standard and national YRBS questionnaires are available at [http://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/yrbs/questionnaire_rationale.htm]. Information about the Prevention Needs Assessment survey can be found at [http://dsamh.utah.gov/data/sharp-student-use-reports/].

Why Is This Important?

According to the U.S. Public Health Service, "Health risk behaviors that contribute to the leading causes of illness, death, and social problems among youth and adults often are established during youth, extend into adulthood, and are interrelated."^1^[[br]] [[br]] ---- 1. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. ''Healthy People 2010.'' 2nd ed. With Understanding and Improving Health and Objectives for Improving Health. 2 vols. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, November 2000. P. 26-20.

Healthy People Objective SA-13:

Reduce past-month use of illicit substances
U.S. Target: Not applicable, see subobjectives in this category

Other Objectives

Utah's 42 Community Health Indicators[[br]] [[br]] ====Healthy People Objective SA-13 subobjectives:==== *{{style color:#003366 SA-13.1:}} Reduce the proportion of adolescents reporting use of alcohol or any illicit drugs during the past 30 days[[br]] '''U.S. Target:''' 16.6 percent *{{style color:#003366 SA-13.2:}} Reduce the proportion of adolescents reporting use of marijuana during the past 30 days[[br]] '''U.S. Target:''' 6.0 percent[[br]] [[br]] ====Healthy People Objective SA-14.4:==== Reduce the proportion of persons engaging in binge drinking during the past month--adolescents aged 12 to 17 years[[br]] '''U.S. Target:''' 8.6 percent

How Are We Doing?

The most commonly-abused substance among Utah high school students during the Spring of 2017 was alcohol (10.7%), followed by marijuana (7.9%). In 2017, Southeast (15.3%) and Salt Lake County (12.0%) Local Health Districts (LHDs) had significantly higher rates of current alcohol use than the state while Bear River (5.6%) and Utah County (5.3%) LHDs had lower rates. Also in 2017, Salt Lake County (12.3%) LHD had a significantly higher rate of current marijuana use than the state while Utah County (5.5%), Davis County (5.2%), Central Utah (5.1%), and Bear River (3.7%) LHDs had lower rates.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

Utah's reported use among high school students for alcohol and marijuana in 2017 was lower than the most recent U.S rates in 2015. Utah had the lowest reported rate of high school binge drinking among all 35 reporting states in 2013.

What Is Being Done?

According to the U.S. Public Health Service, "Adopting a multicomponent approach to youth substance abuse prevention may increase the long-term effectiveness of prevention efforts. This approach includes focusing on mobilizing and leveraging resources, raising public awareness, and countering pro-use messages. Several strategies may be effective, such as increasing the involvement of parents and parent groups at the local level, increasing the number of adult volunteers involved in drug prevention at the local level, changing normative attitudes among youth from 'everyone's using drugs' to 'everyone has better things to do than drugs,' and increasing the proportion of youth participating in positive skill-building activities."^1^[[br]] [[br]] ---- 1. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. ''Healthy People 2010.'' 2nd ed. With Understanding and Improving Health and Objectives for Improving Health. 2 vols. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, November 2000. P. 26-29.

Health Program Information

The Utah Department of Human Services, Division of Substance Abuse (DSA) is charged with providing drug and alcohol abuse prevention activities in Utah. Information on the DSA may be found on their website: [https://dsamh.utah.gov/]. The DSA administrative office may be reached at (801) 538-3939.
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's Center for Health Data IBIS-PH web site (http://ibis.health.state.gov). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Sun, 21 January 2018 21:36:52 from Department of Health, Center for Health Data, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.gov ".

Content updated: Mon, 18 Dec 2017 15:58:36 MST