Important Facts for Stroke Awareness and Willingness to Call 911
DefinitionPercent of Utah adults who could identify 5 stroke warning signs and would call 911 if they thought someone was having a stroke.
NumeratorAll survey respondents aged 18 and over who correctly identified all 5 signs and symptoms of stroke and reported that they would call 911 if they thought someone was having a stroke.
DenominatorAll survey respondents aged 18 and over, except those whose answers were missing or refused.
Data Interpretation IssuesData are age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population.
The confidence bounds are asymmetric.
Why Is This Important?Stroke is the third leading cause of death and disability in Utah and in the U.S. Stroke disability and deaths can be reduced if stroke signs and symptoms are recognized and the Emergency Medical Services (EMS) system is activated as quickly as possible. Early recognition and rapid response are important because early treatment of stroke may decrease brain damage and subsequent disability. The stroke warning signs are:
-Sudden confusion or trouble speaking
-Sudden numbness in the face, arm, or leg, especially on one side
-Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes
-Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, or loss of balance
-Sudden severe headache with no known cause
The Utah Department of Health Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention Program (HDSPP) and its partners are working to improve public awareness of the signs and symptoms of stroke and the importance of calling 911.
Healthy People Objective HDS-17.1:(Developmental) Increase the proportion of adults who are aware of the early warning symptoms and signs of a stroke and the importance of accessing rapid emergency care by calling 9-1-1 or another emergency number
U.S. Target: Developmental
Other ObjectivesHeart attacks are an important cause of cardiovascular deaths in Utah. HDSPP is working to increase awareness of signs and symptoms of heart attack and stroke and willingness to call 911 to 25 percent by 2012.
How Are We Doing?Utah's rate of stroke awareness increased significantly from 33.4% in 2003 to 45.3% in 2009. Recognition of sudden confusion/trouble speaking, sudden trouble seeing, and sudden severe headache as signs of stroke improved between 2008 and 2009.
Stroke awareness is positively associated with education and income levels and marked disparities exist by gender, race, and ethnicity.
How Do We Compare With U.S.?Utah's rate of stroke awareness is similar to that of the U.S.
What Is Being Done?The Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention Program (HDSPP) has created television ads, print materials, and website content to increase public awareness about stroke. HDSPP also works with hospitals to ensure that they are prepared to treat stroke. More information about stroke can be found on the HDSPP website, www.hearthighway.org.
Other Program InformationThe Utah Department of Health Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention Program works to reduce the impact of heart disease and stroke among Utahns. The HDSPP focuses on strategies and priorities established by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to reduce the incidence of, and death and disability from, heart disease and stroke. In addition to expanding public awareness of heart attack and stroke signs and symptoms, HDSPP works to decrease risk factors, such as high blood pressure and high cholesterol, to improve emergency response for heart attack and stroke, and to improve quality of care for those living with cardiovascular disease.