DefinitionPercentage of adults aged 18 years and older who reported doing muscle-strengthening activities on two or more days of the week.
NumeratorPercentage of adults aged 18 years and older who reported doing muscle-strengthening activities on two or more days of the week.
DenominatorNumber of surveyed adults aged 18 years and older.
Data Interpretation IssuesThis question was new in 2011.
In 2011, the BRFSS changed its methodology from a landline only sample and weighting based on post-stratification to a landline/cell phone sample and raking as the weighting methodology. Raking accounts for variables such as income, education, marital status, and home ownership during weighting and has the potential to more accurately reflect the population distribution. More details about these changes can be found at: [https://ibis.health.utah.gov/pdf/opha/resource/brfss/RakingImpact2011.pdf].
Why Is This Important?The predominant benefits of muscle-strengthening activities include improved bone health, reduced risk of falls in older adults, improved daily energy and sleep, and improved posture. Muscle-strengthening activities also help prevent diabetes, heart disease, and cancer. This is done through improving insulin sensitivity, metabolizing glucose in general, and improving blood pressure and gastrointestinal transit time.
Healthy People Objective PA-2.3:Increase the proportion of adults who perform muscle-strengthening activities on 2 or more days of the week
U.S. Target: 24.1 percent
How Are We Doing?The first BRFSS data on muscle-strengthening activity became available in 2011. The age-adjusted rate for 2011 was 31.4% and has increased to 34.1% in 2015.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?Compared to the nation, Utahns report doing more muscle-strengthening activity. In 2015, 34.1% of Utahns reported doing muscle-strengthening activities on two or more days of the week (age-adjusted). In 2015, the national rate was 30.4%.
What Is Being Done?In 2013, through funding from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the Healthy Living through Environment, Policy, and Improved Clinical Care Program (EPICC) was established.
EPICC works on Environmental Approaches that Promote Health. EPICC works:
1) Schools are encouraged to adopt the Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program. This framework encourages students to be physically active for 60 minutes a day through school, home and community activities.[[br]]
2) Height and weight trends are being tracked in a sample of elementary students to monitor Utah students.[[br]]
3) Action for Healthy Kids brings partners together to improve nutrition and physical activity environments in Utah's schools by implementing the school-based state plan strategies, working with local school boards to improve or develop policies for nutritious foods in schools. This includes recommendations for healthy vending options.
1) The Utah Council for Worksite Health Promotion recognizes businesses that offer employee fitness and health promotion programs.[[br]]
2) EPICC partners with local health departments to encourage worksites to complete the CDC Scorecard and participate in yearly health risk assessment for their employees. EPICC provides toolkits and other resources for employers interested in implementing wellness programs through the [http://choosehealth.utah.gov choosehealth.utah.gov] website: [http://choosehealth.utah.gov/worksites/why-worksite-wellness.php]
1) Local health departments (LHDs) receive federal funding to partner with schools, worksites, and other community based organizations to increase access to fresh fruits and vegetables through farmers markets and retail stores. LHDs also work with cities within their jurisdictions to create a built environment that encourages physical activity.
1) EPICC works with health care systems to establish community clinical linkages to support individuals at risk for or diagnosed with diabetes or hypertension to engage in lifestyle change programs such as chronic disease self-management and diabetes prevention programs.
1) Nine local health departments statewide have implemented the TOP Star program, which aims to improve the nutrition and physical activity environments and achieve best practice in child care centers and homes.[[br]]
2) EPICC works with state and local partners through the Childcare Obesity Prevention workgroup to implement policy and systems changes in early care and education across agencies statewide.
Evidence-based PracticesThe EPICC program promotes evidence based practices collected by the Center TRT. The Center for Training and Research Translation (Center TRT) bridges the gap between research and practice and supports the efforts of public health practitioners working in nutrition, physical activity, and obesity prevention by:
*Reviewing evidence of public health impact and disseminating population-level interventions;
*Designing and providing practice-relevant training both in-person and web-based;
*Addressing social determinants of health and health equity through training and translation efforts; and,
*Providing guidance on evaluating policies and programs aimed at impacting healthy eating and physical activity.[[br]]
Appropriate evidence based interventions can be found at: