Important Facts for Melanoma of the Skin Deaths
DefinitionThe rate of death from melanoma of the skin (ICD-10: C43) per 100,000 population.
NumeratorThe number of deaths due to malignant melanoma of the skin for a given time period (ICD-10: C43).
DenominatorThe population of Utah for a given time period.
Why Is This Important?According to the American Cancer Society, melanoma is much less common than other skin cancers such as basal cell and squamous cell, but it is far more dangerous. Risk factors that can be controlled are exposure to sunlight and UV radiation during work and play. A history of sunburns early in life increases one's risk for melanoma. Risk for melanoma also increases with the severity of the sunburn or blisters. Lifetime sun exposure, even if sunburn does not occur, is another risk factor for melanoma. Another modifiable risk factor is location. People who live of certain areas in the U.S. experience higher rates of melanoma. These are areas with a high elevation, warmer climate, and where sunlight can be reflected by sand, water, snow, and ice. Risk for melanoma is greatly increased by tanning, both outside with oils and by using sunlamps and tanning booths. Even people who tan well without burning are at risk for melanoma. Tan skin is evidence of skin damaged by UV radiation. Health care providers strongly encourage people, especially young people, to avoid tanning beds, booths, and sunlamps. The risk of melanoma is greatly increased by using these artificial sources of UV radiation before age 30.
Healthy People Objective C-8:Reduce the melanoma cancer death rate
U.S. Target: 2.4 deaths per 100,000 population
State Target: currently being revised