DefinitionThe percentage of women who reported partner associated physical abuse during the 12 months before pregnancy, or during pregnancy, divided by the number of women who delivered a live birth.
NumeratorThe number of women who reported physical abuse by their husband/partner during the 12 months before pregnancy, or during pregnancy.
DenominatorThe number of women who delivered a live birth.
Data Interpretation IssuesThis data only includes women who reported physical abuse during the perinatal time period. It does not include other forms of abuse.
Why Is This Important?Many researchers have found that women in their childbearing years are at the greatest risk of domestic violence. Domestic violence during the perinatal time period is of particular concern because research indicates that women who are abused are more likely to have poorer birth outcomes including low birth weight infants, preterm labor, and fetal death. They are also more likely to be involved with high risk behavior such as smoking, drinking, and delaying prenatal care.
The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends screening all patients for domestic violence, and for women who are pregnant, screening should take place multiple times throughout the pregnancy as well as at the postpartum checkup.
Other ObjectivesThere is not a Healthy People 2020 objective specifically targeting domestic violence during the perinatal time period; however, proposed objective IPV-39 focuses on reducing violence by current or former intimate partners.
How Are We Doing?Utah's overall rate of physical abuse in the year before pregnancy or during pregnancy was 2.8% from 2009-2011.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?There are no national data assessing the prevalence of domestic violence among childbearing women.
What Is Being Done?The Maternal and Infant Health Program (MIHP) aims to educate healthcare providers and women of reproductive age about domestic violence by providing information and links to helpful resources.