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Important Facts for Depression: Adult Prevalence

Definition

The percentage of adult aged 18 and above who have ever been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professional that they have a depressive disorder, including depression, major depression, dysthymia, or minor depression.

Numerator

The number of adults aged 18 and above who have ever been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professional that they have a depressive disorder, including depression, major depression, dysthymia, or minor depression.

Denominator

Adults aged 18 and above.

Data Interpretation Issues

Question Text: "Has a doctor, nurse, or other health professional EVER told you that you have a depressive disorder, including depression, major depression, dysthymia, or minor depression?" NOTE: The question asks about lifetime diagnosis and does not reflect current major depression. As with all surveys, some error results from nonresponse (e.g., refusal to participate in the survey or to answer specific questions), and measurement (e.g., social desirability or recall bias). Error was minimized by use of strict calling protocols, good questionnaire design, standardization of interviewer behavior, interviewer training, and frequent, on-site interviewer monitoring and supervision.

Why Is This Important?

Approximately 20% of the U.S. population is affected by mental illness during any given year. Of all mental illnesses, depression is the most common disorder.^1^ Major depression is defined as having severe symptoms that interfere with a person's ability to work, sleep, study, eat, and enjoy life. Symptoms of major depression may include fatigue or loss of energy, feelings of worthlessness or guilt, impaired concentration, loss of interest in daily activities, appetite or weight changes, sleep changes, and recurring thoughts of death or suicide. Despite the availability of effective treatments for major depression, such as medications and/or psychotherapeutic techniques, it often goes unrecognized and untreated.^2^[[br]] [[br]] ---- 1. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. ''Healthy People 2010''. 2nd ed. With Understanding and Improving Health and Objectives for Improving Health. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, November 2000.[[br]] 2. National Alliance on Mental Illness Retrieved from [http://www.nami.org/Learn-More/Mental-Health-Conditions/Depression] on November 29, 2016.

Other Objectives

Related to Healthy People 2020 Objective MHMD-11: Increase depression screening by primary care providers.

How Are We Doing?

In Utah during 2015, adult women (27.0%) had significantly higher rates of doctor-diagnosed depression than men (14.3%). Combined years 2013-2015 Utah data showed the following: * Hispanic (17.4%) and Asian (8.4%) adults reported lower lifetime depression than the state rate.[[br]][[br]] * Adults with a household income less than $25,000 (31.7%) and those with a household income $25,000-$49,999 (22.5%) had significantly higher rates of lifetime doctor-diagnosed depression, while adults with household incomes $50,000-$74,999 (19.6%) and those with an income greater than $75,000 (16.3%) had lower rates of lifetime depression.[[br]][[br]] * Depression also varied by education. Utah adults aged 25 and above with a college education (17.1%) had a lower rate of doctor-diagnosed depression than adults with less than a high school education (22.6%), those with a high school or GED (21.7%), and those with some college (23.8%).[[br]][[br]] * Adults in Salt Lake County (22.4%) reported higher rates of doctor-diagnosed depression than the state rate, while adults in Summit County (17.3%), TriCounty (18.0%), and Utah County (19.5%) LHDs reported lower rates of doctor-diagnosed depression.[[br]][[br]] * Among Utah Small Areas, Magna (29.7%), South Ogden (29.4%), South Salt Lake (29.2%), Kearns V2 (28.6%), Provo (North)/BYU (28.3%), Murray (28.1%), Bountiful (27.1%), SLC (Downtown) (25.9%), and Taylorsville (West) (25.7%) had higher rates of doctor-diagnosed depression than the state rate. Pleasant Grove/Lindon (16.8%), Morgan/E. Weber County (16.9%), St. George (17.2%), Summit County (17.3%) and TriCounty (18,0%) had lower rates than the state rate.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

Utah has consistently higher rates of self-reported lifetime depression than the U.S. rate (20.8% vs. 17.6% in 2015).

What Is Being Done?

The Utah Department of Health Violence and Injury Prevention Program (VIPP) has partnered with the Division of Substance and Mental Health (DSAMH) to facilitate the Suicide Prevention Coalition and Suicide Fatality Reviews. In addition, six local health districts (Bear River, Davis, Summit, Tooele, Utah, Weber-Morgan) have been funded to do suicide prevention activities such as promoting mental health resources and help-seeking behavior, distributing gun locks to reduce access to lethal means, and training the community in suicide prevention using evidence based/promising practice programs like Signs of Suicide, Question, Persuade, Refer (QPR), Working Minds, and SafeTALK. These trainings promote suicide first aid by teaching individuals to recognize the warning signs of suicide, how to offer hope, and how to refer to resources and save a life.
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's Center for Health Data IBIS-PH web site (http://ibis.health.state.gov). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Tue, 23 January 2018 14:34:21 from Department of Health, Center for Health Data, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.gov ".

Content updated: Thu, 12 Oct 2017 16:08:47 MDT