DefinitionPercentage of adults aged 18 years and older who smoke cigarettes every day or some days.
NumeratorNumber of adults aged 18 years and older who have smoked at least 100 cigarettes in their life time and who now report smoking cigarettes every day or some days.
DenominatorNumber of adults aged 18 years and older.
Data Interpretation IssuesThe Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) survey is conducted with a representative sample of non-institutionalized Utah adults living in households with a landline telephone. In 2010, the BRFSS added cell phone interviews to the survey protocol and introduced a new weighting methodology that better represents populations of low socioeconomic status. More details about these changes can be found at: [https://ibis.health.utah.gov/pdf/opha/resource/brfss/RakingImpact2011.pdf]. Due to these changes survey results from the years before 2010 are not comparable to results observed in 2010 or later. The 2010 estimated adult smoking rate was higher compared to rates from previous years that were based on post-stratification by age, sex, and local health district.
As with all telephone surveys, data may be subject to error as resulting from non-coverage (e.g., lower telephone coverage among some low SES populations), non-response (e.g., refusal to participate in the survey or answer specific questions), or measurement (e.g. social desirability or recall bias). Interviewer training and monitoring and strict adherence to good survey research protocols reduces error from these sources.
Why Is This Important?Tobacco use remains the leading preventable cause of death and disease in the United States. In Utah, smoking claims more than 1,300 lives each year. It causes or worsens nearly every chronic condition and contributes to Utah's primary causes of death including heart disease, respiratory disease, and cancer. Smoking increases the risk for cancer of the lungs, larynx, esophagus, mouth, and bladder and contributes to cancer of the cervix, pancreas, and kidneys. Exposure to secondhand smoke increases the risk for heart disease and lung cancer among nonsmokers.
Healthy People Objective TU-1.1:Reduce cigarette smoking by adults
U.S. Target: 12.0 percent
State Target: 9.0 percent
Other ObjectivesUtah's 42 Community Health Indicators[[br]]
CSTE Chronic Disease Indicators
How Are We Doing?Utah's adult smoking rate has decreased significantly since the Utah Department of Health Tobacco Prevention and Control Program started receiving Master Settlement Agreement funds in 2000.
People with low household income and fewer years of formal education report higher rates of tobacco use than the general population. Recent surveys show that 70% of Utah smokers intend to quit within the next year. Comprehensive and free tobacco cessation services help Utah smokers quit successfully and ensure declines in tobacco use rates across population groups.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?In 2016, Utah's adult smoking rate was 8.7% compared to the national rate of 16.8%. (Rates are age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population.)
What Is Being Done?The Tobacco Prevention and Control Program (TPCP) at the Utah Department of Health and its partners use comprehensive programs to prevent young people from starting to use tobacco, help tobacco users quit, promote tobacco-free environments, and reduce tobacco-related disparities. These programs include an extensive anti-tobacco marketing campaign, free and confidential tobacco cessation services, school- and community-based prevention programs, and efforts to improve tobacco policies. Tobacco-free policies support tobacco-free norms and protect nonsmokers from secondhand smoke. The marketing campaign uses television, radio, billboard, print, and on-line media to reach youth, adults, pregnant women, racial and ethnic minorities, and rural populations with anti-tobacco messages. The campaign's goals are to counter tobacco industry promotions, inform Utahns about quitting services, and support local tobacco control efforts. Quitting services available to Utahns are accessible through Utah's tobacco cessation web site, [http://www.waytoquit.org], and include a toll-free Tobacco Quit Line (1-800-QUIT-NOW) and a web-based tobacco cessation program. TPCP also partners with community health clinics to offer counseling services for uninsured or under-insured tobacco users. Local health departments hold group-based quitting classes for adults and youth in local communities. Efforts to protect nonsmokers from secondhand smoke focus on strengthening tobacco-free policies in apartment complexes, workplaces, schools, and outdoor venues frequented by children.
Health Program InformationTo receive more information about tobacco prevention and control programs in Utah, call the Tobacco Free Resource Line at 1-877-220-3466. For information on quitting tobacco use, visit [http://www.waytoquit.org] or call the Utah Tobacco Quit Line at 1-800-QUIT-NOW.