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Complete Health Indicator Report of Dental Disease: Untreated Decay in Children Aged 6-9

Definition

Percentage of 6- to 9-year-old children with untreated dental caries.

Numerator

Number of 6- to 9-year-old children who participated in the school dental health survey with untreated dental caries.

Denominator

Number of 6-to 9-year-old children who participated in the school dental health survey.

Why Is This Important?

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) says over 19% of children ages 2-19 have untreated cavities. Gender is not a significant factor in decay however, race and percent of poverty level are significant factors. Untreated dental caries is an important indicator of adequate and timely access to dental care.

Healthy People Objective OH-2.2:

Reduce the proportion of children aged 6 to 9 years with untreated dental decay in their primary and permanent teeth
U.S. Target: 25.9 percent

How Are We Doing?

Of the first through third grade students screened in 2010, 13.4% participants reported that their child needed dental care during the past 12 months but could not get it.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

Of the first through third grade students screened in Utah in 2010, 17.0% had obvious untreated decay. In the U.S. 19% had untreated decay and 1.9% of the children had urgent dental needs. Those findings are comparable to those found in other states.

What Is Being Done?

Some Utah Department of Health activities addressing access to dental care include: - In 2012 the number enrolled for Medicaid dental benefits was 169,000 children from birth through 18 years of age. - In 2012 the number enrolled in Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) was 36,000 children eligible for basic dental services. - The Utah Oral Health Initiative facilitates the formation of local oral health coalitions to improve access to dental care.

Available Services

As of October 2013, Medicaid includes basic dental care for children and pregnant women. There is only emergency coverage for all other adults. For information call 1-800-662-9651. CHIP includes preventive and restorative services for children. For more information call 1-877-KIDS-NOW. There are a few dental clinics that provide services on a sliding scale fee or at a reduced rate. For more information on these clinics, contact your local health department or the State Oral Health Program at (801) 538-9177, or visit http://health.utah.gov/oralhealth. Dental hygiene schools throughout the state of Utah offer preventive services including sealants and fluoride treatments. Dental schools also offer treatment services in addition. Contact the UDOH Oral Health Program at (801) 538-9177, or visit http://health.utah.gov/oralhealth for more information.


Related Indicators

Relevant Population Characteristics

Dental disease affects children from poor families five times as much as children from higher income families. Minority ethnic populations have a higher incidence of caries experience and untreated caries but a lower rate of sealant placement.

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicators:


Health Care System Factors

Private dental insurance has improved access to dental care for many people. Medicaid and CHIP serve low income children; however, access remains a barrier to treatment. Individuals without dental insurance coverage have more untreated decay and were twice as likely to report that they could not access needed dental treatment during the past year.

Related Health Care System Factors Indicators:


Risk Factors

Currently, only 52% of Utahns are drinking optimum fluoridated water. Other risk factors include eating habits, such as frequent snacking and pop consumption, not brushing/flossing regularly, and not visiting the dentist regularly.

Related Risk Factors Indicators:


Health Status Outcomes

Oral disease has been linked to several other chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Periodontal disease in pregnant women has also been linked to preterm, low birth weight babies.

Related Health Status Outcomes Indicators:




Graphical Data Views

Percentage of 6- to 9-year-old Children With Untreated Dental Caries, Utah, 2000, 2005, and 2010

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

YearPercentage of Children Aged 6-9Lower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 4
200022.1%19.9%24.3%
200521.4%18.9%23.9%
201017.0%15.4%18.7%

Data Notes

The next survey of dental caries in children in Utah is scheduled for fall of 2015.   [[br]] [[br]] 2000 and 2005 data are for ages 6 to 8 years.

Data Source

Utah Oral Health Survey, Utah Department of Health


Untreated Caries in Utah Children Aged 6-9 by Local Health District, Utah, 2000, 2005, and 2010

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

YearLocal Health DistrictPercentage of Children Aged 6-9Lower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 37
2000Bear River11.8%
2000Central18.6%
2000Davis County20.7%
2000Salt Lake County24.1%
2000Southeast20.0%
2000Southwest31.0%
2000Summit20.0%
2000Tooele35.7%
2000TriCounty36.7%
2000Utah County20.7%
2000Wasatch28.6%
2000Weber-Morgan16.0%
2000State22.1%
2005Bear River29.5%18.3%40.7%
2005Central37.0%20.3%53.8%
2005Salt Lake County17.9%14.2%21.6%
2005Southeast27.6%8.8%46.4%
2005Southwest21.1%11.1%31.1%
2005Summit26.9%0.4%53.4%
2005Tooele37.9%17.5%58.3%
2005TriCounty50.0%28.4%71.6%
2005Utah County16.5%11.6%21.4%
2005Weber-Morgan24.4%16.0%32.8%
2005State21.4%18.9%24.0%
2010State17.0%15.4%18.7%

Data Notes

The next survey of dental caries in children in Utah is scheduled for fall of 2015.   2000 and 2005 data are for ages 6 to 8 years. Davis County did not participate in the 2005 survey. The local health district data for 2005 have broad 95% confidence level ranges. The 2010 survey did not include local health district data.

Data Source

Utah Oral Health Survey, Utah Department of Health

More Resources and Links

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

For an on-line medical dictionary, click on this Dictionary link.

Page Content Updated On 10/07/2014, Published on 10/16/2014
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's Center for Health Data IBIS-PH web site (http://ibis.health.state.gov). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Mon, 31 August 2015 11:44:29 from Department of Health, Center for Health Data, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.gov ".

Content updated: Tue, 28 Jul 2015 19:46:10 MDT