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Complete Health Indicator Report of Suicide

Definition

Suicide Death Rate: Number of resident deaths resulting from the intentional use of force against oneself per 100,000 population (ICD-10 codes X60-X84, Y87.0, *U03). Suicide Risk Among Students: Percentage of students who reported a suicide risk factor (felt sad or hopeless, seriously considered attempting suicide, made a suicide plan, or attempted suicide) during the past 12 months.

Numerator

Suicide Death Rate: Number of deaths resulting from the intentional use of force against oneself. Suicide Risk Among Students: Number of students who reported a suicide risk factor (felt sad or hopeless, seriously considered attempting suicide, made a suicide plan, or attempted suicide) during the past 12 months.

Denominator

Suicide Death Rate: Total number of persons in the population of Utah. Suicide Risk Among Students: Number of surveyed Utah high school students.

Data Interpretation Issues

ICD stands for the International Classification of Diseases. It is a coding system maintained by the World Health Organization and the U.S. National Center for Health Statistics used to classify causes of death, such as suicide, on death certificates. These codes are updated every decade or so to account for advances in medical technology. The U.S. is currently using the 10th revision (ICD-10) to code causes of death. The 9th revision (ICD-9) is still used for hospital and emergency department visits. The Youth Risk Behavior Survey includes surveys of representative samples of 9th through 12th grade students in public schools. The survey is conducted in odd years. Data are self-reported and subject to recall bias. Data are from a sample survey and subject to selection bias. Comparisons of annual rates must be interpreted cautiously as methods used to collect data my vary from year to year. With the introductions of active parental consent for Utah school surveys between 1997 and 1999, the student response rate for the survey decreased significantly. Participation in the 2015 was too low to meet the reporting threshold as defined by CDC, so results for that year are not available.

Why Is This Important?

From 2015 to 2017, Utah's age-adjusted suicide rate was 22.0 per 100,000 persons, with an average of 628 suicides per year. Utah had the fifth highest age-adjusted suicide rates in the U.S. during this time period. In 2017, suicide was the leading cause of death for Utahns ages 10 to 17 and ages 18 to 24. It is the second leading cause of death for ages 25 to 44 and the fourth-leading cause of death for ages 45-64. Overall, suicide is the eighth-leading cause of death for Utahns (age-adjusted rate). Completed suicides are only part of the problem. More people are hospitalized or treated in an emergency room for suicide attempts than are fatally injured. In 2014, the most recent data year available, 13 Utahns were treated for self-inflicted injuries every day (3,280 treat-and-release emergency department visits plus 1,294 total hospitalizations). According to the 2017 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, during the past 12 months before the survey Utah high school students reported the following: 33.0% felt sad or hopeless, 21.6% seriously considered attempting suicide, 17.1% made a suicide plan, 9.6% attempted suicide one or more times and 4.0% of these students suffered an injury, poisoning, or an overdose that had to be treated by a doctor or nurse. 2017 Prevention Needs Assessment data indicate that Salt Lake County had significantly higher rates of students reporting feeling sad or hopeless, TriCounty Health District students had significantly higher rates of seriously considering suicide, Salt Lake County had a significantly higher rates of students reporting making a suicide plan and of attempting suicide compared to the state. All suicide attempts should be taken seriously. Those who survive suicide attempts are often seriously injured and many have depression and other mental health problems. Suicide is a complex public health issue where victims may be blamed and family members stigmatized. Consequently, suicide is not openly discussed making it difficult to collect meaningful data that is vital to suicide prevention efforts.

Healthy People Objective MHMD-1:

Reduce the suicide rate
U.S. Target: 10.2 suicides per 100,000 population
State Target: 13.3 suicides per 100,000 population

Other Objectives

{{style color:#003366 Healthy People 2020 Objective IVP-41:}}[[br]] Reduce nonfatal intentional self-harm injuries[[br]] '''U.S. Target:''' 112.4 emergency department visits per 100,000 population[[br]] '''State Target:''' 91.7 emergency department visits per 100,000 population[[br]] [[br]] {{style color:#003366 Healthy People 2020 Objective MHMD-2:}}[[br]] Reduce suicide attempts by adolescents[[br]] '''U.S. Target:''' 1.7 suicide attempts per 100 population[[br]] '''State Target:''' 1.9 suicide attempts per 100 population

How Are We Doing?

The 2017 Utah age-adjusted suicide rate was 22.7 per 100,000 population. Males (34.2 per 100,000 population) had a significantly higher age-adjusted suicide rate compared to females (11.5 per 100,000 population). In Utah from 2015 to 2017, males had significantly higher suicide rates than females in every age group. Males ages 45-54 and 75 and older had the highest suicide rates among males (47.7 per 100,000 population). Females 45-54 years of age had the highest suicide rates among female age groups (22.1 per 100,000 population). From 2015 to 2017, TriCounty LHD, Central Utah LHD, Southeast LHD, and Weber-Morgan LHD had significantly higher age-adjusted suicide rates compared to the state rate. Among Utah Small Areas, SLC (Downtown) V2, Duchesne County, Ogden (Downtown), Kearns V2, Washington City, Southwest LHD (Other), Sandy (West), Daggett and Uintah County, and St. George had significantly higher age-adjusted suicide rates compared to the state rate during 2015-2017.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

Utah's suicide rate has been consistently higher than the national rate. In 2016 (the most recent national-level data year available), according to the National Center for Health Statistics, the age-adjusted suicide rate for the U.S. was 13.4 per 100,000 population, while Utah's suicide rate was 21.6 per 100,000 population during the same year.

What Is Being Done?

The UDOH Violence and Injury Prevention Program (VIPP) is funded by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to implement the Utah Violent Death Reporting System (UTVDRS). UTVDRS is a data collection and monitoring system that will help Utahns better understand the public health problem of violence by informing decision makers about the magnitude, trends, and characteristics of violent deaths such as suicide, and to evaluate and continue to improve state-based violence prevention policies and programs. Data are collected from the Office of the Medical Examiner, Vital Records, and law enforcement agencies and are linked together to help identify risk factors, understand circumstances, and better characterize perpetrators of violent deaths. The Violence and Injury Prevention Program (VIPP) has partnered with the Division of Substance and Mental Health (DSAMH) to facilitate the Suicide Prevention Coalition.

Available Services

All Counties, 24 Hours: [[br]] National Suicide Prevention Lifeline (800) 273-TALK (8255) Mobile Crisis Outreach Team - Salt Lake County[[br]] 801-587-3000 Man Therapy: [http://www.mantherapy.org] Suicide Prevention Courses: [http://www.qprinstitute.com/] National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI) Utah[[br]] [http://www.namiut.org/][[br]] 801-323-9900[[br]] Toll Free 877-230-6264 Utah Suicide & Crisis Hotline[[br]] [http://www.suicide.org/hotlines/utah-suicide-hotlines.html] Davis County/Layton[[br]] Davis Behavioral Health[[br]] 24 Hour Crisis Response[[br]] 801-773-7060 Ogden[[br]] Weber Mental Health[[br]] Serving Davis, Morgan, & Weber Counties[[br]] Crisis/Suicide Prevention Hotline[[br]] 801-625-3700 Orem[[br]] Crisis Line of Utah County[[br]] 801-226-4433 Provo[[br]] Wasatch Mental Health[[br]] Crisis Line[[br]] 801-373-7393 Salt Lake City[[br]] Valley Mental Health[[br]] Serving Salt Lake, Summit & Tooele Counties[[br]] 801-261-1442 Permission to Grieve: For Survivors of a Loved One's Suicide[[br]] [http://health.utah.gov/vipp/pdf/Suicide/grievebooklet_final0605.pdf]

Health Program Information

The Violence and Injury Prevention Program (VIPP) is a trusted and comprehensive resource for data related to violence and injury. Through education, this information helps promote partnerships and programs to prevent injuries and improve public health. VIPP goals are to a) focus prevention efforts on reducing intentional and unintentional injury, b) conduct education aimed at increasing awareness and changing behaviors that contribute to the occurrence of injury, c) strengthen local health department capacity to conduct local injury prevention programs, d) promote legislation, policy changes, and enforcement that will reduce injury hazards and increase safe behaviors, e) collaborate with private and public partners, and f) improve the Utah Department of Health capacity to collect mortality and morbidity data from multiple sources and conduct injury epidemiology for use in prevention planning, implementation, and evaluation.


Related Indicators

Relevant Population Characteristics

Males had a significantly higher suicide rate compared to females in every age group except ages 10-17 years in 2015-2017.

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicators:


Risk Factors

The 2013 Prevention Needs Assessment showed that students who had been bullied both at school and electronically were at especially high risk, being 5.8 times more likely to have considered suicide. A lower risk of suicide ideation was found among students who regularly attended religious services or activities and regularly ate a meal with their family. Even among those who had experienced an episode of depressive symptoms in the previous year, students reporting religious involvement and family mealtimes were still less likely to have considered suicide in the past year. Many conditions and stressors may be related to suicide including: *Previous suicide attempt(s) *History of depression or other mental illness *Alcohol or drug abuse *Family history of suicide or violence *Physical illness *Local epidemics of suicide[[br]] [[br]] Source: [http://www.cdc.gov/ViolencePrevention/suicide/riskprotectivefactors.html] (accessed 1/4/2017)

Related Risk Factors Indicators:


Health Status Outcomes

Suicide, by definition is fatal. Those who attempt suicide and survive may have serious injuries like broken bones, brain damage, or organ failure. Also, people who survive often have depression and other mental health problems. Source: [https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/suicide_factsheet-a.pdf] (accessed 1/04/2017)

Related Health Status Outcomes Indicators:




Graphical Data Views

Suicide by Sex and Year, Utah and U.S., 1999-2017 and U.S. 1999-2016

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

UT M, UT F, US M, US FYearAge-adjusted rate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 74
Utah Males199924.321.227.72411,094,405
Utah Males200022.419.425.72221,124,675
Utah Males200125.622.529.02631,144,533
Utah Males200224.721.728.12591,165,962
Utah Males200326.223.129.62811,184,270
Utah Males200428.825.532.33091,204,831
Utah Males200525.422.428.72821,232,978
Utah Males200624.621.627.82741,267,516
Utah Males200724.621.827.72931,305,074
Utah Males200825.122.328.13111,337,398
Utah Males200927.524.630.73461,367,912
Utah Males201028.725.731.83691,394,048
Utah Males201129.926.933.23781,414,350
Utah Males201233.029.936.44291,434,877
Utah Males201333.030.036.34441,458,315
Utah Males201431.228.334.54171,477,967
Utah Males201532.529.535.74591,501,715
Utah Males201632.529.535.74591,532,203
Utah Males201734.231.237.44991,561,688
Utah Females19994.33.15.8411,098,601
Utah Females20007.25.69.1721,119,827
Utah Females20015.34.07.0531,139,182
Utah Females20027.76.19.7771,158,853
Utah Females20035.03.86.6541,175,867
Utah Females20046.24.87.9681,196,749
Utah Females20055.64.27.2621,224,741
Utah Females20067.35.89.1831,257,991
Utah Females20076.55.18.2751,292,672
Utah Females20086.14.87.7731,325,631
Utah Females20098.06.59.8971,355,509
Utah Females20107.66.29.4981,381,212
Utah Females20118.67.010.31131,401,080
Utah Females20129.07.410.81161,419,345
Utah Females20139.47.811.31261,441,646
Utah Females201410.28.512.01381,460,704
Utah Females201511.19.413.01501,483,202
Utah Females201610.89.112.71531,512,118
Utah Females201711.59.813.41641,540,145
U.S. Males199917.823,458136,802,891
U.S. Males200017.723,618138,458,150
U.S. Males200118.224,672139,891,492
U.S. Males200218.525,409141,230,559
U.S. Males200318.125,203142,428,897
U.S. Males200418.125,566143,828,012
U.S. Males200518.125,907145,197,078
U.S. Males200618.126,308146,647,265
U.S. Males200718.527,269148,064,854
U.S. Males200819.028,450149,489,951
U.S. Males200919.229,089150,807,454
U.S. Males201019.830,277151,783,226
U.S. Males201120.031,003153,263,360
U.S. Males201220.331,780154,467,180
U.S. Males201320.232,055155,589,564
U.S. Males201420.733,162156,780,062
U.S. Males201521.033,994157,960,035
U.S. Males201621.334,727159,078,923
U.S. Females19994.05,741142,237,347
U.S. Females20004.05,732143,713,786
U.S. Females20014.15,950145,077,463
U.S. Females20024.26,246146,394,634
U.S. Females20034.26,281147,679,036
U.S. Females20044.56,873148,977,286
U.S. Females20054.46,730150,319,521
U.S. Females20064.56,992151,732,647
U.S. Females20074.67,329153,166,353
U.S. Females20084.87,585154,604,015
U.S. Females20094.97,820155,964,075
U.S. Females20105.08,087156,964,282
U.S. Females20115.28,515158,399,998
U.S. Females20125.48,820159,531,199
U.S. Females20135.59,094160,615,344
U.S. Females20145.89,664161,783,394
U.S. Females20156.010,199162,936,583
U.S. Females20166.010,238164,048,590

Data Notes

Suicides are determined using ICD-10 codes X60-X84, Y87.0, *U03.

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2017
  • National Center for Injury Prevention and Control's Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS)


Suicide by Local Health District, Utah and U.S., 2015-2017 and U.S. 2014-2016

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Local Health DistrictAge-adjusted rate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 15
Bear River16.813.321.083532,397
Central29.522.737.865234,778
Davis County17.615.020.51701,023,800
Salt Lake County22.821.124.57403,361,400
San Juan22.110.441.2*1045,923
Southeast29.520.341.535120,564
Southwest27.423.432.0172684,745
Summit15.19.123.620121,095
Tooele22.115.730.340194,696
TriCounty35.526.846.257173,443
Utah County17.215.119.62611,769,938
Wasatch20.211.932.01891,950
Weber-Morgan28.624.832.8213776,342
State of Utah22.021.023.01,8849,131,071
U.S.13.0213,7331,592,790,874

Data Notes

*Use caution in interpreting, the estimate has a relative standard error greater than 30% and does not meet UDOH standards for reliability. Prior to 2015 San Juan County was part of the Southeast Local Health District. In 2015 the San Juan County Local Health District was formed. Data reported are for all years using the current boundaries. Suicides are determined using ICD-10 codes X60-X84, Y87.0, *U03.

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2017
  • National Center for Injury Prevention and Control's Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS)


Suicide by Utah Small Area, 2015-2017 and U.S. 2014-2016

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Utah Small AreasAge-adjusted Rate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 131
Brigham City30.118.546.32174,022
Box Elder Co (Other) V216.75.439.0*535,674
Tremonton17.97.635.5*849,151
Logan V217.110.526.425167,813
North Logan5.51.613.5*569,355
Cache (Other)/Rich (All) V211.84.724.4*771,370
Hyrum****
Smithfield21.99.343.6*838,690
Ben Lomond26.819.535.946183,385
Weber County (East)27.718.440.029105,782
Morgan County12.03.231.2*434,213
Ogden (Downtown)39.929.053.646115,170
South Ogden27.518.239.929113,035
Roy/Hooper24.016.134.530141,733
Riverdale28.317.643.12282,945
Clearfield Area/Hooper20.914.928.442214,018
Layton/South Weber13.39.118.733245,484
Kaysville/Fruit Heights23.014.634.424114,710
Syracuse18.410.031.01484,300
Centerville12.34.028.8*550,713
Farmington14.05.429.5*766,259
North Salt Lake22.410.242.8*1059,203
Woods Cross/West Bountiful22.010.042.0*945,934
Bountiful19.812.829.226143,351
SLC (Rose Park)19.411.231.318108,089
SLC (Avenues)22.912.837.91669,965
SLC (Foothill/East Bench)15.47.328.6*1066,103
Magna26.216.140.42184,030
SLC (Glendale) V217.79.330.71376,960
West Valley (Center)22.415.231.832157,774
West Valley (West) V213.46.823.41293,266
West Valley (East) V229.921.241.040158,721
SLC (Downtown) V246.133.461.949114,082
SLC (Southeast Liberty)14.77.027.0*1070,030
South Salt Lake29.418.744.12481,537
SLC (Sugar House)27.818.140.727101,622
Millcreek (South)11.24.722.6*867,857
Millcreek (East)16.98.829.21374,352
Holladay V224.614.139.71875,986
Cottonwood22.815.232.930127,560
Kearns V239.128.252.944123,402
Taylorsville (E)/Murray (W)28.419.040.830113,758
Taylorsville (West)21.813.832.624120,542
Murray21.813.832.924104,215
Midvale27.217.240.82491,825
West Jordan (Northeast) V222.213.235.02094,026
West Jordan (Southeast)18.411.328.221115,231
West Jordan (W)/Copperton14.58.722.620142,389
South Jordan V222.615.332.231144,759
Daybreak10.32.826.6*452,414
Sandy (West)34.422.550.22782,743
Sandy (Center) V223.014.035.72088,593
Sandy (Northeast)19.810.633.81474,316
Sandy (Southeast)18.810.630.81791,170
Draper23.315.234.230134,629
Riverton/Bluffdale15.28.624.917125,326
Herriman24.815.537.626134,004
Tooele County (Other)11.73.827.5*546,001
Tooele Valley25.917.836.435148,754
Eagle Mountain/Cedar Valley14.06.027.8*991,722
Lehi17.811.127.025195,544
Saratoga Springs9.13.021.0*674,840
American Fork21.013.331.525143,227
Alpine****
Pleasant Grove/Lindon13.68.421.021175,965
Orem (North)23.314.934.826115,871
Orem (West)25.114.840.021104,083
Orem (East)11.95.023.9*869,113
Provo/BYU14.77.027.113158,665
Provo (West City Center)16.28.228.614101,108
Provo (East City Center)21.18.842.412103,954
Salem City20.96.749.2*528,260
Spanish Fork21.213.232.223126,835
Springville21.112.333.81899,588
Mapleton****
Utah County (South) V224.810.449.7*839,969
Payson28.016.943.72079,446
Park City8.83.817.1*987,544
Summit County (East)30.914.757.1*1033,567
Wasatch County19.511.331.31791,955
Daggett and Uintah County32.722.346.233112,312
Duchesne County40.125.260.62361,115
Nephi/Mona32.413.864.1*828,129
Delta/Fillmore25.09.553.0*729,758
Sanpete Valley26.714.944.11664,202
Central (Other)34.721.852.42368,170
Richfield/Monroe/Salina25.011.347.8*944,562
Carbon County32.119.051.01961,029
Emery County26.311.850.7*930,648
Grand County29.512.459.1*828,876
Blanding/Monticello****
San Juan County (Other)34.413.472.3*722,061
St. George29.322.437.766258,765
Washington Co (Other) V229.911.563.3*729,299
Washington City38.724.059.12371,034
Hurricane/La Verkin15.67.528.7*1175,931
Ivins/Santa Clara35.918.762.41344,579
Cedar City19.912.430.324132,143
Southwest LHD (Other)36.623.055.32472,878
State of Utah22.021.023.01,8849,131,071
U.S.13.02014-2016213,7331,592,790,874

Data Notes

*Use caution in interpreting, the estimate has a relative standard error greater than 30% and does not meet UDOH standards for reliability. **The estimate has been suppressed because 1) the relative standard error is greater than 50% or 2) the observed number of events is very small and not appropriate for publication. For more information, please go to [http://ibis.health.utah.gov/pdf/resource/DataSuppression.pdf]. A description of the Utah Small Areas may be found on IBIS at the following URL: [https://ibis.health.utah.gov/resource/Guidelines.html]. Suicides are determined using ICD-10 codes X60-X84, Y87.0, *U03.

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population estimates produced by the UDOH Center for Health Data and Informatics. Linear interpolation of U.S. Census Bureau and ESRI ZIP Code data provided annual population estimates for ZIP Code areas by sex and age groups, IBIS Version 2017
  • National Center for Injury Prevention and Control's Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS)


Suicide by Age Group and Sex, Utah, 2015-2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Males vs. FemalesAge GroupRate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 20
Male10-14 years5.83.78.723396,343
Male15-17 years29.022.537.066227,192
Male18-19 years33.424.444.845134,516
Male20-24 years39.933.946.7154385,829
Male25-34 years42.337.647.4290685,859
Male35-44 years44.439.349.9278626,060
Male45-54 years47.741.754.4226473,361
Male55-64 years40.034.346.5171427,018
Male65-74 years29.923.837.182274,599
Male75+ years47.737.959.282171,921
Female10-14 years2.91.55.2*11375,007
Female15-17 years8.45.013.318214,583
Female18-19 years9.75.216.613133,512
Female20-24 years8.45.711.931369,338
Female25-34 years11.69.214.577663,999
Female35-44 years18.715.422.5113603,286
Female45-54 years22.118.026.8103465,924
Female55-64 years15.612.119.769442,985
Female65-74 years7.74.911.523299,352
Female75+ years4.11.97.9*9217,179

Data Notes

*Use caution in interpreting rates for females ages 10-14 years and 75+ years. The estimates have a relative standard error greater than 30% and are therefore deemed unreliable by UDOH standards. For more information, please go to [http://ibis.health.utah.gov/pdf/resource/DataSuppression.pdf]. Suicides are determined using ICD-10 codes X60-X84, Y87.0, *U03.

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2017


Suicide by Method of Injury and Sex, Utah, 1999-2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Method and SexYearAge-adjusted Rate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 114
M Firearm199914.712.317.41411,094,405
M Firearm200016.213.619.11501,124,675
M Firearm200116.113.619.01591,144,533
M Firearm200215.212.817.91541,165,962
M Firearm200315.713.318.51621,184,270
M Firearm200415.813.318.51641,204,831
M Firearm200516.013.618.71731,232,978
M Firearm200614.512.217.01601,267,516
M Firearm200714.712.417.21651,305,074
M Firearm200814.212.116.61741,337,398
M Firearm200915.413.217.81881,367,912
M Firearm201018.816.421.42381,394,048
M Firearm201118.215.820.82241,414,350
M Firearm201219.817.422.52521,434,877
M Firearm201319.517.122.02571,458,315
M Firearm201418.316.020.82421,477,967
M Firearm201519.216.921.62671,501,715
M Firearm201618.716.421.22581,532,203
M Firearm201720.718.423.32961,561,688
F Firearm19991.30.72.3131,098,601
F Firearm20002.41.63.7241,119,827
F Firearm20012.11.33.2211,139,182
F Firearm20021.71.02.7181,158,853
F Firearm20031.71.02.7191,175,867
F Firearm20041.60.92.5181,196,749
F Firearm20051.30.72.2141,224,741
F Firearm20062.41.53.5261,257,991
F Firearm20072.51.63.6281,292,672
F Firearm20081.71.02.6201,325,631
F Firearm20092.41.63.4281,355,509
F Firearm20102.71.93.8341,381,212
F Firearm20113.12.24.2411,401,080
F Firearm20122.21.43.2281,419,345
F Firearm20132.61.83.7351,441,646
F Firearm20142.61.83.7341,460,704
F Firearm20152.51.83.5371,483,202
F Firearm20163.02.24.1451,512,118
F Firearm20173.32.44.4481,540,145
M Poison19995.23.86.9501,094,405
M Poison20002.31.53.4251,124,675
M Poison20013.92.85.3421,144,533
M Poison20023.82.75.2401,165,962
M Poison20034.23.05.6451,184,270
M Poison20044.93.66.5511,204,831
M Poison20052.21.43.3241,232,978
M Poison20063.82.75.2411,267,516
M Poison20073.52.54.8411,305,074
M Poison20084.02.95.3491,337,398
M Poison20094.13.05.4501,367,912
M Poison20103.52.54.7441,394,048
M Poison20114.23.15.5531,414,350
M Poison20125.03.86.4651,434,877
M Poison20134.23.15.4561,458,315
M Poison20143.82.85.1511,477,967
M Poison20154.33.25.6581,501,715
M Poison20164.03.05.1561,532,203
M Poison20174.13.15.2611,561,688
F Poison19992.21.43.4211,098,601
F Poison20003.12.14.4311,119,827
F Poison20012.31.53.5231,139,182
F Poison20024.73.46.3461,158,853
F Poison20032.21.43.3231,175,867
F Poison20043.02.14.3311,196,749
F Poison20053.12.14.3331,224,741
F Poison20063.42.44.7381,257,991
F Poison20072.81.94.0311,292,672
F Poison20083.12.24.3361,325,631
F Poison20093.52.54.8421,355,509
F Poison20102.61.83.8331,381,212
F Poison20113.02.14.1381,401,080
F Poison20124.83.66.2601,419,345
F Poison20133.32.44.5421,441,646
F Poison20144.33.25.6571,460,704
F Poison20155.74.47.1731,483,202
F Poison20164.33.35.6591,512,118
F Poison20175.03.96.4701,540,145
M Suffocation19993.82.75.2431,094,405
M Suffocation20003.52.54.8421,124,675
M Suffocation20014.53.36.0511,144,533
M Suffocation20025.03.76.5571,165,962
M Suffocation20035.54.27.1641,184,270
M Suffocation20046.65.18.2781,204,831
M Suffocation20056.04.67.6711,232,978
M Suffocation20065.34.06.9611,267,516
M Suffocation20075.03.86.3681,305,074
M Suffocation20085.03.96.4661,337,398
M Suffocation20096.35.07.8861,367,912
M Suffocation20105.44.26.8741,394,048
M Suffocation20116.45.17.9861,414,350
M Suffocation20126.85.58.4941,434,877
M Suffocation20137.76.39.31081,458,315
M Suffocation20147.46.09.01001,477,967
M Suffocation20157.56.29.11121,501,715
M Suffocation20168.36.910.01241,532,203
M Suffocation20178.16.89.71241,561,688
F Suffocation19990.80.31.6*71,098,601
F Suffocation20001.30.72.2141,119,827
F Suffocation20010.60.21.2*61,139,182
F Suffocation20021.20.62.1121,158,853
F Suffocation20030.70.31.5*81,175,867
F Suffocation20041.30.72.2161,196,749
F Suffocation20050.80.41.4*111,224,741
F Suffocation20061.40.82.2181,257,991
F Suffocation20071.00.51.8131,292,672
F Suffocation20081.00.51.8131,325,631
F Suffocation20091.60.92.4201,355,509
F Suffocation20102.01.32.9271,381,212
F Suffocation20111.71.12.6241,401,080
F Suffocation20121.61.02.4231,419,345
F Suffocation20133.02.14.0411,441,646
F Suffocation20142.82.03.8401,460,704
F Suffocation20152.61.83.6351,483,202
F Suffocation20162.31.63.2331,512,118
F Suffocation20172.41.73.4371,540,145

Data Notes

*Use caution in interpreting female suffocation rates for years 1999, 2001, 2003, and 2005. The estimates have a relative standard error greater than 30% and are therefore deemed unreliable by UDOH standards. Suicide methods are defined using ICD-10 codes as follows: Firearm X72-X74, Poison X60-X69, Suffocation X70.

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2017


Suicide by Race, Utah, 2015-2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

RaceAge-adjusted Rate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 6
American Indian/Native Alaskan24.217.133.338139,968
Asian10.26.415.523226,977
Black8.64.614.713124,025
Pacific Islander13.77.223.91394,083
White21.420.422.41,7538,321,252
All Races21.020.122.01,8849,131,071

Data Notes

Age-adjusted to U.S. 2000 standard population using 3 age adjustment age groups.

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin for Counties in Utah, U.S. Bureau of the Census, IBIS Version 2017


Suicide by Ethnicity, Utah, 2015-2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Hispanic EthnicityAge-adjusted Rate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 3
Hispanic11.19.113.31311,262,415
Non-Hispanic23.522.424.61,7497,868,656
All Utahns22.021.023.01,8849,131,071

Data Notes

Age-adjusted to U.S. 2000 standard population using 10 age adjustment age groups.

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin for Counties in Utah, U.S. Bureau of the Census, IBIS Version 2017


Suicide Risk Among High School Students by Risk Factor and Sex, Utah, 2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Males vs. FemalesSuicide RiskPercentage of StudentsLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 8
MaleFelt Sad or Hopeless24.0%21.1%27.1%
MaleSeriously Considered Attempting Suicide14.9%12.6%17.6%
MaleMade a Suicide Plan13.1%10.9%15.6%
FemaleFelt Sad or Hopeless42.5%37.2%48.0%
FemaleSeriously Considered Attempting Suicide28.5%22.8%35.1%
FemaleMade a Suicide Plan21.2%16.4%26.9%

Data Notes

Data are self-reported and subject to recall bias. Data are from a sample survey and subject to selection bias.

Data Source

Utah Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System, Utah Department of Health


Suicide Attempts Reported by Students in Grades 9-12, Utah and U.S., 1999-2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Utah vs. U.S.YearPercentage of StudentsLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 19
Utah19996.95.29.0
Utah20019.27.611.0
Utah20037.54.911.2
Utah20058.46.510.8
Utah20079.68.011.6
Utah20097.25.98.8
Utah20117.25.69.1
Utah20137.36.18.8
Utah20179.67.611.9
U.S.19998.37.39.4
U.S.20018.88.09.7
U.S.20038.57.49.6
U.S.20058.47.69.3
U.S.20076.96.37.6
U.S.20096.35.77.0
U.S.20117.87.18.5
U.S.20138.07.28.9
U.S.20158.67.69.6
U.S.20177.46.58.4

Data Notes

Percentage of students who actually attempted suicide one or more times during the past 12 months. Data are self-reported and subject to recall bias. Data are from a sample survey and subject to selection bias. Comparisons of annual rates must be interpreted cautiously as methods used to collect YRBS data may vary from year to year. Utah data not available from 2015 due to insufficient participation according to CDC criteria.

Data Sources

  • Utah Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System, Utah Department of Health
  • Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion


Suicide Plan Reported by Students in Grades 9-12, Utah and U.S., 1999-2013, 2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Utah vs. U.S.YearPercentage of StudentsLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 19
Utah199915.213.217.4
Utah200114.511.817.6
Utah200312.49.915.3
Utah200514.111.816.8
Utah200711.99.614.6
Utah200911.59.613.7
Utah201112.410.614.5
Utah201312.811.214.5
Utah201717.114.220.4
U.S.199914.513.116.1
U.S.200114.813.716.0
U.S.200316.513.220.5
U.S.200513.012.113.9
U.S.200711.310.412.3
U.S.200910.910.011.8
U.S.201112.812.013.6
U.S.201313.612.315.0
U.S.201514.613.415.8
U.S.201713.612.414.8

Data Notes

Percentage of students who made a plan about how they would attempt suicide during the past 12 months. Data are self-reported and subject to recall bias. Data are from a sample survey and subject to selection bias. Comparisons of annual rates must be interpreted cautiously as methods used to collect YRBS data may vary from year to year. Utah data not available from 2015 due to insufficient participation according to CDC criteria.

Data Sources

  • Utah Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System, Utah Department of Health
  • Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion

References and Community Resources

Utah Suicide Prevention Coalition[[br]] [http://utahsuicideprevention.org/] American Foundation for Suicide Prevention: [https://www.afsp.org/] The Utah Violent Death Reporting System links data from multiple sources to help identify risk factors and understand circumstances in violent deaths, including suicides. For more information visit [http://www.health.utah.gov/vipp/topics/nvdrs/] Utah Violence and Injury Prevention Plan[[br]] [http://www.health.utah.gov/vipp/pdf/Combined%20plan_Draft.pdf] Suicide Prevention Resource Center[[br]] [http://www.sprc.org/states/utah] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Suicide Fact Sheets [[br]] [http://www.cdc.gov/ViolencePrevention/suicide/] Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration[[br]] [http://www.samhsa.gov/prevention/suicide.aspx]

More Resources and Links

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

For an on-line medical dictionary, click on this Dictionary link.

Page Content Updated On 11/19/2018, Published on 11/27/2018
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's Center for Health Data IBIS-PH web site (http://ibis.health.state.gov). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Mon, 10 December 2018 19:18:46 from Department of Health, Center for Health Data, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.gov ".

Content updated: Tue, 27 Nov 2018 14:04:07 MST