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Complete Health Indicator Report of Suicide

Definition

Suicide Death Rate: Number of resident deaths resulting from the intentional use of force against oneself per 100,000 population (ICD-10 codes X60-X84, Y87.0, *U03). Suicide Risk Among Students: Percentage of students who reported a suicide risk factor (felt sad or hopeless, seriously considered attempting suicide, made a suicide plan, or attempted suicide) during the past 12 months.

Numerator

Suicide Death Rate: Number of deaths resulting from the intentional use of force against oneself. Suicide Risk Among Students: Number of students who reported a suicide risk factor (felt sad or hopeless, seriously considered attempting suicide, made a suicide plan, or attempted suicide) during the past 12 months.

Denominator

Suicide Death Rate: Total number of persons in the population of Utah. Suicide Risk Among Students: Number of surveyed Utah high school students.

Data Interpretation Issues

ICD stands for the International Classification of Diseases. It is a coding system maintained by the World Health Organization and the U.S. National Center for Health Statistics used to classify causes of death, such as suicide, on death certificates. These codes are updated every decade or so to account for advances in medical technology. The U.S. is currently using the 10th revision (ICD-10) to code causes of death. The 9th revision (ICD-9) is still used for hospital and emergency department visits. The Youth Risk Behavior Survey includes surveys of representative samples of 9th through 12th grade students in public schools. The survey is conducted in odd years. Data are self-reported and subject to recall bias. Data are from a sample survey and subject to selection bias. Comparisons of annual rates must be interpreted cautiously as methods used to collect data my vary from year to year. With the introductions of active parental consent for Utah school surveys between 1997 and 1999, the student response rate for the survey decreased significantly.

Why Is This Important?

From 2012 to 2014, Utah's age-adjusted suicide rate was 20.8 per 100,000 persons. This is an average of 557 suicides per year. Utah has one of the highest age-adjusted suicide rates in the U.S. In 2014, suicide was the leading cause of death for Utahns ages 10 to 17 and 18-24. It is the second leading cause of death for ages 25 to 44 and the fourth-leading cause of death for ages 45-64. Overall, suicide is the eight-leading cause of death for Utahns ages 10+. Completed suicides are only part of the problem. More people are hospitalized or treated in an emergency room for suicide attempts than are fatally injured. In 2013, 13 Utahns were treated for self-inflicted injuries every day (3,181 emergency department visits and 1,508 hospitalizations). According to the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, during the past 12 months before the survey Utah high school students reported the following: 25.7% felt sad or hopeless, 15.5% seriously considered attempting suicide, 12.8% made a suicide plan, 7.3% attempted suicide one or more times and 2.1% of these students suffered an injury, poisoning, or an overdose that had to be treated by a doctor or nurse. 2015 Prevention Needs Assessment data indicate that Salt Lake County and Tooele County Health District students had significantly higher rates of psychological distress, TriCounty Health District students had significantly higher rates of making a suicide plan, and Toeele and TriCounty Health District students had significantly higher rates of attempting suicide compared to the state. All suicide attempts should be taken seriously. Those who survive suicide attempts are often seriously injured and many have depression and other mental health problems. Suicide is a complex public health issue where victims may be blamed and family members stigmatized. Consequently, suicide is not openly discussed making it difficult to collect meaningful data that is vital to suicide prevention efforts.

Healthy People Objective MHMD-1:

Reduce the suicide rate
U.S. Target: 10.2 suicides per 100,000 population
State Target: 13.3 suicides per 100,000 population

Other Objectives

{{style color:#003366 Healthy People 2020 Objective IVP-41:}}[[br]] Reduce nonfatal intentional self-harm injuries[[br]] '''U.S. Target:''' 112.4 emergency department visits per 100,000 population[[br]] '''State Target:''' 91.7 emergency department visits per 100,000 population[[br]] [[br]] {{style color:#003366 Healthy People 2020 Objective MHMD-2:}}[[br]] Reduce suicide attempts by adolescents[[br]] '''U.S. Target:''' 1.7 suicide attempts per 100 population[[br]] '''State Target:''' 1.9 suicide attempts per 100 population

How Are We Doing?

The 2014 Utah age-adjusted suicide rate was 20.5 per 100,000 population. Males (31.2 per 100,000 population ages) had a significantly higher age-adjusted suicide rate compared to females (10.1 per 100,000 population). In Utah from 2012 to 2014, males had significantly higher suicide rates than females in every age group. Males ages 75 and older, followed closely by ages 45-54 and 55-64 years of age, had the highest suicide rates among other male age groups. Females 45-54 years of age, followed closely by 35-44 and 18-19 years of age, had the highest suicide rates among other female age groups. From 2012 to 2014, Southeast Utah LHD, Central Utah LHD, and TriCounty LHD had significantly higher age-adjusted suicide rates compared to the state rate. Among Utah Small Areas Carbon/Emery Counties, Ogden (Downtown), Sevier/Piute/Wayne Counties, Murray, TriCounty LHD, Juab/Millard/Sanpete Counties, and Utah County (South) had significantly higher age-adjusted suicide rates compared to the state rate.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

Utah's suicide rate has been consistently higher than the national rate. In 2013, according to the National Center for Health Statistics, the suicide rate for the U.S. ages 10+ was 14.9 per 100,000 population while Utah's suicide rate ages 10+ was 23.9 per 100,000 population during the same time period.

What Is Being Done?

The UDOH Violence and Injury Prevention Program (VIPP) is funded by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to implement the Utah Violent Death Reporting System (UTVDRS). UTVDRS is a data collection and monitoring system that will help Utahns better understand the public health problem of violence by informing decision makers about the magnitude, trends, and characteristics of violent deaths such as suicide, and to evaluate and continue to improve state-based violence prevention policies and programs. Data are collected from the Office of the Medical Examiner, Vital Records, and law enforcement agencies and are linked together to help identify risk factors, understand circumstances, and better characterize perpetrators of violent deaths. UTVDRS is currently in its eleventh year of data collection. The Violence and Injury Prevention Program (VIPP) has partnered with the Division of Substance and Mental Health (DSAMH) to facilitate the Suicide Prevention Coalition.

Available Services

All Counties, 24 Hours: [[br]] National Suicide Prevention Lifeline (800) 273-TALK (8255) Mobile Crisis Outreach Team - Salt Lake County[[br]] 801-587-3000 Man Therapy: [http://www.mantherapy.org] Suicide Prevention Courses: [http://www.qprinstitute.com/] National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI) Utah[[br]] [http://www.namiut.org/][[br]] 801-323-9900[[br]] Toll Free 877-230-6264 Utah Suicide & Crisis Hotline[[br]] [http://www.suicide.org/hotlines/utah-suicide-hotlines.html] Davis County/Layton[[br]] Davis Behavioral Health[[br]] 24 Hour Crisis Response[[br]] 801-773-7060 Ogden[[br]] Weber Mental Health[[br]] Serving Davis, Morgan, & Weber Counties[[br]] Crisis/Suicide Prevention Hotline[[br]] 801-625-3700 Orem[[br]] Crisis Line of Utah County[[br]] 801-226-4433 Provo[[br]] Wasatch Mental Health[[br]] Crisis Line[[br]] 801-373-7393 Salt Lake City[[br]] Valley Mental Health[[br]] Serving Salt Lake, Summit & Tooele Counties[[br]] 801-261-1442 Permission to Grieve: For Survivors of a Loved One's Suicide[[br]] [http://health.utah.gov/vipp/pdf/Suicide/grievebooklet_final0605.pdf]

Health Program Information

The Violence and Injury Prevention Program (VIPP) is a trusted and comprehensive resource for data related to violence and injury. Through education, this information helps promote partnerships and programs to prevent injuries and improve public health. VIPP goals are to a) focus prevention efforts on reducing intentional and unintentional injury, b) conduct education aimed at increasing awareness and changing behaviors that contribute to the occurrence of injury, c) strengthen local health department capacity to conduct local injury prevention programs, d) promote legislation, policy changes, and enforcement that will reduce injury hazards and increase safe behaviors, e) collaborate with private and public partners, and f) improve the Utah Department of Health capacity to collect mortality and morbidity data from multiple sources and conduct injury epidemiology for use in prevention planning, implementation, and evaluation.


Related Indicators

Relevant Population Characteristics

In the last three years, males had a significantly higher suicide rate than females in every age group.

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicators:


Risk Factors

The 2013 Prevention Needs Assessment showed that students who had been bullied both at school and electronically were at especially high risk, being 5.8 times more likely to have considered suicide. A lower risk of suicide ideation was found among students who regularly attended religious services or activities and regularly ate a meal with their family. Even among those who had experienced an episode of depressive symptoms in the previous year, students reporting religious involvement and family mealtimes were still less likely to have considered suicide in the past year. Many conditions and stressors may be related to suicide including: *Previous suicide attempt(s) *History of depression or other mental illness *Alcohol or drug abuse *Family history of suicide or violence *Physical illness *Local epidemics of suicide[[br]] [[br]] Source: [http://www.cdc.gov/ViolencePrevention/suicide/riskprotectivefactors.html] (accessed 11/19/2015)

Related Risk Factors Indicators:


Health Status Outcomes

Suicide, by definition is fatal. Those who attempt suicide and survive may have serious injuries like broken bones, brain damage, or organ failure. Also, people who survive often have depression and other mental health problems. Source: [http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/Suicide-FactSheet-a.pdf] (accessed 11/19/2015)

Related Health Status Outcomes Indicators:




Graphical Data Views

Suicide by Sex and Year, Utah and U.S., 1999-2014 and U.S. 1999-2013

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

UT M, UT F, US M, US FYearAge-adjusted Rate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 62
Utah Males199924.321.227.72411,094,405
Utah Males200022.419.425.72221,124,675
Utah Males200125.622.529.12631,144,533
Utah Males200224.721.728.12591,165,962
Utah Males200326.223.129.62811,184,270
Utah Males200428.825.532.33091,204,831
Utah Males200525.422.428.72821,232,978
Utah Males200624.621.627.82741,267,516
Utah Males200724.621.827.72931,305,074
Utah Males200825.122.328.13111,337,398
Utah Males200927.524.630.73461,367,912
Utah Males201028.725.731.83691,393,737
Utah Males201129.926.933.23781,414,293
Utah Males201233.029.936.34291,435,312
Utah Males201332.929.936.24441,459,282
Utah Males201431.228.234.44171,479,750
Utah Females19994.33.15.8411,098,601
Utah Females20007.25.69.1721,119,827
Utah Females20015.34.07.0531,139,182
Utah Females20027.76.19.7771,158,853
Utah Females20035.03.86.6541,175,867
Utah Females20046.24.87.9681,196,749
Utah Females20055.64.27.2621,224,741
Utah Females20067.35.89.1831,257,991
Utah Females20076.55.18.2751,292,672
Utah Females20086.14.87.7731,325,631
Utah Females20098.06.59.8971,355,509
Utah Females20107.76.29.4981,380,609
Utah Females20118.67.010.31131,401,031
Utah Females20128.97.410.81161,419,882
Utah Females20139.47.811.21261,443,505
Utah Females201410.18.512.01381,463,152
U.S. Males199917.823,458136,802,876
U.S. Males200017.823,618138,053,563
U.S. Males200118.224,672139,891,492
U.S. Males200218.525,409141,230,559
U.S. Males200318.125,203142,428,897
U.S. Males200418.125,566143,828,012
U.S. Males200518.125,907145,197,078
U.S. Males200618.126,308146,647,265
U.S. Males200718.427,269148,064,854
U.S. Males200819.028,450149,489,951
U.S. Males200919.329,089150,807,454
U.S. Males201020.030,277151,781,326
U.S. Males201120.031,003153,261,754
U.S. Males201220.331,780154,475,823
U.S. Males201320.232,055155,651,602
U.S. Females19994.05,741142,237,305
U.S. Females20004.05,732143,368,343
U.S. Females20014.15,950145,077,463
U.S. Females20024.26,246146,394,634
U.S. Females20034.26,281147,679,036
U.S. Females20044.56,873148,977,286
U.S. Females20054.46,730150,319,521
U.S. Females20064.56,992151,732,647
U.S. Females20074.67,329153,166,353
U.S. Females20084.97,585154,604,015
U.S. Females20095.07,820155,964,075
U.S. Females20105.28,087156,964,212
U.S. Females20115.28,515158,320,810
U.S. Females20125.48,820159,397,862
U.S. Females20135.59,094160,477,237

Data Notes

Suicides are determined using ICD-10 codes X60-X84, Y87.0, *U03. Data are age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population.

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2014
  • National Center for Injury Prevention and Control's Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS)


Suicide by Local Health District, Utah, 2012-2014 and U.S. 2011-2013

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Local Health DistrictAge-adjusted Rate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 14
Bear River16.412.820.776511,126
Central33.626.042.770228,741
Davis County17.014.320.0149968,464
Salt Lake County21.319.623.06523,237,010
Southeast (<2015)39.029.750.362168,370
Southwest23.519.727.9141641,314
Summit16.89.627.318115,451
Tooele25.718.435.042182,136
TriCounty32.624.143.250170,073
Utah County16.214.118.62381,652,502
Wasatch15.98.227.81279,651
Weber-Morgan22.118.825.9160746,045
State of Utah20.819.821.81,6708,700,883
U.S.12.5121,267941,585,088

Data Notes

Suicides are determined using ICD-10 codes X60-X84, Y87.0, *U03. Data are age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population.

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2014
  • National Center for Injury Prevention and Control's Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS)


Suicide by Utah Small Area, 2012-2014

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Utah Small AreasAge-adjusted Rate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 66
Brigham City21.011.435.61472,565
Box Elder Co (Other)19.810.733.61480,064
Logan11.36.917.425227,745
Cache Co (Oth)/Rich Co (All)18.811.728.622130,742
Ben Lomond15.810.323.127175,013
Morgan Co (All)/Weber Co (E)22.915.233.129133,747
Ogden (Downtown)38.627.353.140112,721
South Ogden18.211.228.121109,917
Roy/Hooper18.511.727.624135,960
Riverdale24.314.538.21978,819
Clearfield/Hill AFB18.212.226.034209,710
Layton18.212.625.536231,882
Syracuse/Kaysville17.311.325.427182,476
Farmington/Centerville15.28.624.916109,797
Woods Cross/North Salt Lake13.87.024.31295,567
Bountiful19.712.429.724139,003
SLC (Rose Park)17.910.528.618105,070
SLC (Avenues)32.819.551.72066,744
SLC (Foothill/U of U)6.92.216.6*572,251
Magna19.610.234.01482,183
SLC (Glendale)28.418.242.32594,037
West Valley (West)24.317.932.352244,426
West Valley (East) V227.819.438.539156,802
SLC (Downtown)23.716.433.137155,206
South Salt Lake31.219.647.22479,712
Millcreek23.116.531.541172,859
Holladay22.715.532.234140,303
Cottonwood15.79.524.420128,656
Kearns V226.517.438.629119,860
Taylorsville (E)/Murray (W)22.414.034.023111,039
Taylorsville (West)17.810.328.618117,818
Murray34.323.348.73399,453
Midvale21.912.934.81892,021
West Jordan (North)21.9
West Jordan (NE) V229.419.143.42694,040
West Jordan/Copperton28.0
West Jordan (SE)28.018.840.230110,252
West Jordan (W)/Copperton7.83.714.7*10135,326
South Jordan12.87.919.721173,129
Sandy (Center)17.011.124.927163,074
Sandy (NE)20.811.035.71469,892
Sandy (SE)12.56.022.91289,943
Riverton/Draper17.913.423.459362,232
Tooele Co26.218.735.742182,152
Lehi/Cedar Valley14.49.221.631303,640
American Fork/Alpine22.014.931.332167,206
Pleasant Grove/Lindon9.75.515.916167,674
Orem (North)20.011.831.820113,313
Orem (West)12.35.224.6*997,201
Orem (East)6.11.615.8**466,307
Provo (North)/BYU9.54.617.517156,621
Provo (South)18.611.628.332199,805
Springville/Spanish Fork19.213.825.845267,951
Utah Co (South)33.321.848.728112,813
Summit Co17.910.229.119115,471
Wasatch Co15.78.127.41279,650
TriCounty LHD32.924.443.551170,078
Juab/Millard/Sanpete Co32.423.244.043153,662
Sevier/Piute/Wayne Co37.424.454.92775,492
Carbon/Emery Co47.834.065.24295,115
Grand/San Juan Co28.717.444.72073,278
St George24.818.233.053238,920
Washington Co (Other)24.217.532.547205,399
Cedar City17.510.726.922127,783
Southwest LHD (Other)31.818.750.51969,251
State21.020.022.11,6708,700,838

Data Notes

*Use caution in interpreting, the estimate has a relative standard error greater than 30% and does not meet UDOH standards for reliability. **Does not meet UDOH standards for reliability. For more information, please go to http://ibis.health.utah.gov/pdf/resource/DataSuppression.pdf. A description of the Utah Small Areas may be found on IBIS at the following URL: [http://ibis.health.utah.gov/resource/Help.html]. Suicides are determined using ICD-10 codes X60-X84, Y87.0, *U03. Data are age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population.

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population estimates produced by staff in the UDOH Center for Health Data and Informatics. Linear interpolation of U.S. Census Bureau and ESRI ZIP Code data provided annual population estimates for ZIP Code areas by sex and age groups, IBIS Version 2014


Suicide by Age Group and Sex, Utah, 2012-2014

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Males vs. FemalesAge GroupRate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 20
Male10-14 years2.91.55.2*11375,774
Male15-17 years25.519.133.254212,038
Male18-19 years29.520.940.538128,828
Male20-24 years33.527.939.9125372,860
Male25-34 years37.933.442.9255672,264
Male35-44 years41.236.046.8235571,130
Male45-54 years49.843.556.6229460,340
Male55-64 years44.137.851.1175397,221
Male65-74 years38.030.546.889234,288
Male75+ years50.439.962.979156,596
Female10-14 years1.70.63.7*6357,304
Female15-17 years7.54.212.415199,722
Female18-19 years14.08.322.118128,567
Female20-24 years5.03.07.918361,729
Female25-34 years11.48.914.274652,120
Female35-44 years15.112.018.883548,703
Female45-54 years18.114.422.583457,736
Female55-64 years12.99.716.953409,989
Female65-74 years9.05.713.523256,082
Female75+ years3.41.47.1*7203,187

Data Notes

*Use caution in interpreting rates for males 10-14 and females 10-14 and 75+. The estimates have a relative standard error greater than 30% and are therefore deemed unreliable by UDOH standards. For more information, please go to [http://ibis.health.utah.gov/pdf/resource/DataSuppression.pdf]. Suicides are determined using ICD-10 codes X60-X84, Y87.0, *U03.

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2014


Suicide by Method of Injury and Sex, Utah, 1999-2014

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Method and SexYearAge-adjusted Rate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 96
M Firearm199914.712.317.41411,094,405
M Firearm200016.213.619.11501,124,675
M Firearm200116.113.619.01591,144,533
M Firearm200215.212.817.91541,165,962
M Firearm200315.713.318.51621,184,270
M Firearm200415.813.318.51641,204,831
M Firearm200516.013.618.71731,232,978
M Firearm200614.512.217.01601,267,516
M Firearm200714.712.417.21651,305,074
M Firearm200814.212.116.61741,337,398
M Firearm200915.413.217.81881,367,912
M Firearm201018.816.421.42381,393,737
M Firearm201118.215.820.82241,414,293
M Firearm201219.817.422.52521,435,312
M Firearm201319.417.122.02571,459,282
M Firearm201418.215.920.72421,479,750
F Firearm19991.30.72.3131,098,601
F Firearm20002.41.63.7241,119,827
F Firearm20012.11.33.2211,139,182
F Firearm20021.71.02.7181,158,853
F Firearm20031.71.02.7191,175,867
F Firearm20041.60.92.5181,196,749
F Firearm20051.30.72.2141,224,741
F Firearm20062.41.53.5261,257,991
F Firearm20072.51.63.6281,292,672
F Firearm20081.71.02.6201,325,631
F Firearm20092.41.63.4281,355,509
F Firearm20102.71.93.8341,380,609
F Firearm20113.12.24.2411,401,031
F Firearm20122.21.43.2281,419,882
F Firearm20132.61.83.6351,443,505
F Firearm20142.61.83.7341,463,152
M Poison19995.23.86.9501,094,405
M Poison20002.31.53.4251,124,675
M Poison20013.92.85.3421,144,533
M Poison20023.82.75.2401,165,962
M Poison20034.23.05.6451,184,270
M Poison20044.93.66.5511,204,831
M Poison20052.21.43.3241,232,978
M Poison20063.82.75.2411,267,516
M Poison20073.52.54.8411,305,074
M Poison20084.02.95.3491,337,398
M Poison20094.13.05.4501,367,912
M Poison20103.52.54.7441,393,737
M Poison20114.23.15.5531,414,293
M Poison20125.03.86.4651,435,312
M Poison20134.13.15.4561,459,282
M Poison20143.82.85.1511,479,750
F Poison19992.21.43.4211,098,601
F Poison20003.12.14.4311,119,827
F Poison20012.31.53.5231,139,182
F Poison20024.73.46.3461,158,853
F Poison20032.21.43.3231,175,867
F Poison20043.02.14.3311,196,749
F Poison20053.12.14.3331,224,741
F Poison20063.42.44.7381,257,991
F Poison20072.81.94.0311,292,672
F Poison20083.12.24.3361,325,631
F Poison20093.52.54.8421,355,509
F Poison20102.61.83.8331,380,609
F Poison20113.02.14.1381,401,031
F Poison20124.83.66.2601,419,882
F Poison20133.32.44.5421,443,505
F Poison20144.33.25.5571,463,152
M Suffocation19993.82.75.2431,094,405
M Suffocation20003.52.54.8421,124,675
M Suffocation20014.53.36.0511,144,533
M Suffocation20025.03.76.5571,165,962
M Suffocation20035.54.27.1641,184,270
M Suffocation20046.65.18.2781,204,831
M Suffocation20056.04.67.6711,232,978
M Suffocation20065.34.06.9611,267,516
M Suffocation20075.03.86.3681,305,074
M Suffocation20085.03.96.4661,337,398
M Suffocation20096.35.07.8861,367,912
M Suffocation20105.44.26.8741,393,737
M Suffocation20116.45.17.9861,414,293
M Suffocation20126.85.58.4941,435,312
M Suffocation20137.66.29.31081,459,282
M Suffocation20147.46.09.01001,479,750
F Suffocation19990.80.31.6*71,098,601
F Suffocation20001.30.72.2141,119,827
F Suffocation20010.60.21.2*61,139,182
F Suffocation20021.20.62.1121,158,853
F Suffocation20030.70.31.5*81,175,867
F Suffocation20041.30.72.2161,196,749
F Suffocation20050.80.41.4*111,224,741
F Suffocation20061.40.82.2181,257,991
F Suffocation20071.00.51.8131,292,672
F Suffocation20081.00.51.8131,325,631
F Suffocation20091.60.92.4201,355,509
F Suffocation20102.01.32.9271,380,609
F Suffocation20111.71.12.6241,401,031
F Suffocation20121.61.02.4231,419,882
F Suffocation20132.92.14.0411,443,505
F Suffocation20142.82.03.8401,463,152

Data Notes

Suicide methods are defined using ICD-10 codes as follows: Firearm X72-X74, Poison X60-X69, Suffocation X70. Data are age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population.

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2014


Suicide by Race, Utah, 2012-2014

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

RaceAge-adjusted Rate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 6
American Indian/Native Alaskan22.915.233.131130,721
Asian11.06.717.021201,594
Black11.34.922.112114,826
Pacific Islander7.52.915.7*784,662
White20.319.321.41,5787,969,792
All Races19.818.920.81,6708,700,883

Data Notes

*Use caution in interpreting, the estimate has a relative standard error greater than 30% and does not meet UDOH standards for reliability. For more information, please go to [http://ibis.health.utah.gov/pdf/resource/DataSuppression.pdf]. Age-adjusted to U.S. 2000 standard population using 3 age groups (0-44, 45-64, 65+).

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin for Counties in Utah, U.S. Bureau of the Census, IBIS Version 2014


Suicide by Ethnicity, Utah, 2012-2014

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Hispanic EthnicityAge-adjusted Rate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 5
Hispanic10.28.013.01041,166,834
Non-Hispanic21.120.122.21,5627,534,049
All Utahns19.818.920.81,6708,700,883

Data Notes

Age-adjusted to U.S. 2000 standard population using 3 age groups (0-44, 45-64, 65+).

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2014


Suicide Risk Among High School Students by Risk Factor and Sex, Utah, 2013

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Males vs. FemalesSuicide RiskPercentage of StudentsLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 8
MaleFelt Sad or Hopeless19.7%17.4%22.3%
MaleSeriously Considered Attempting Suicide13.5%11.7%15.6%
MaleMade a Suicide Plan11.3%9.5%13.4%
FemaleFelt Sad or Hopeless32.0%27.7%36.6%
FemaleSeriously Considered Attempting Suicide17.4%14.7%20.5%
FemaleMade a Suicide Plan14.3%12.4%16.4%

Data Notes

Data are self-reported and subject to recall bias. Data are from a sample survey and subject to selection bias.

Data Source

Utah Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System, Utah Department of Health


Suicide Attempts Reported by Students in Grades 9-12, Utah and U.S., 1999-2013

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Utah vs. U.S.YearPercentage of StudentsLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 16
Utah19996.95.19.1
Utah20019.27.810.7
Utah20037.54.811.4
Utah20058.46.710.6
Utah20079.68.011.6
Utah20097.26.08.7
Utah20117.25.69.1
Utah20137.36.18.8
U.S.19998.37.39.4
U.S.20018.88.09.7
U.S.20038.57.49.6
U.S.20058.47.69.3
U.S.20076.96.37.6
U.S.20096.35.77.0
U.S.20117.87.18.5
U.S.20138.07.28.9

Data Notes

Percentage of students who actually attempted suicide one or more times during the past 12 months. Data are self-reported and subject to recall bias. Data are from a sample survey and subject to selection bias. Comparisons of annual rates must be interpreted cautiously as methods used to collect YRBS data may vary from year to year.

Data Sources

  • Utah Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System, Utah Department of Health
  • Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion


Suicide Plan Reported by Students in Grades 9-12, Utah and U.S., 1999-2013

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Utah vs. U.S.YearPercentage of StudentsLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 16
Utah199915.213.017.6
Utah200114.511.717.8
Utah200312.49.915.3
Utah200514.111.816.8
Utah200711.99.514.8
Utah200911.59.713.6
Utah201112.410.514.6
Utah201312.811.314.4
U.S.199914.513.116.1
U.S.200114.813.716.0
U.S.200316.513.220.5
U.S.200513.012.113.9
U.S.200711.310.412.3
U.S.200910.910.011.8
U.S.201112.812.013.6
U.S.201313.612.315.0

Data Notes

Percentage of students who made a plan about how they would attempt suicide during the past 12 months. Data are self-reported and subject to recall bias. Data are from a sample survey and subject to selection bias. Comparisons of annual rates must be interpreted cautiously as methods used to collect YRBS data may vary from year to year.

Data Source

Utah Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System, Utah Department of Health

References and Community Resources

Utah Suicide Prevention Coalition[[br]] [http://utahsuicideprevention.org/] American Foundation for Suicide Prevention: [https://www.afsp.org/] The Utah Violent Death Reporting System links data from multiple sources to help identify risk factors and understand circumstances in violent deaths, including suicides. For more information visit [http://www.health.utah.gov/vipp/topics/nvdrs/] Utah Violence and Injury Prevention Plan[[br]] [http://www.health.utah.gov/vipp/pdf/Combined%20plan_Draft.pdf] Suicide Prevention Resource Center[[br]] [http://www.sprc.org/states/utah] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Suicide Fact Sheets [[br]] [http://www.cdc.gov/ViolencePrevention/suicide/] Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration[[br]] [http://www.samhsa.gov/prevention/suicide.aspx]

More Resources and Links

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

For an on-line medical dictionary, click on this Dictionary link.

Page Content Updated On 07/06/2015, Published on 07/15/2016
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's Center for Health Data IBIS-PH web site (http://ibis.health.state.gov). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Mon, 29 August 2016 10:30:33 from Department of Health, Center for Health Data, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.gov ".

Content updated: Fri, 15 Jul 2016 10:39:47 MDT