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Complete Health Indicator Report of Melanoma of the Skin Incidence

Definition

The rate of melanoma incidence in Utah per 100,000 population (ICD-O3 Site C440-C449 and Histology 8720-8790: Melanoma of the Skin, which corresponds to ICD-10 code C43).

Numerator

The number of melanoma incidents among Utahns for a specific time period (ICD-O3 Site C440-C449 and Histology 8720-8790: Melanoma of the Skin, which corresponds to ICD-10 code C43).

Denominator

The total population of Utah for a specific time period.

Why Is This Important?

According to the American Cancer Society, melanoma is much less common than other skin cancers such as basal cell and squamous cell, but it is far more dangerous. Risk factors that can be controlled are exposure to sunlight and UV radiation during work and play. A history of sunburns early in life increases one's risk for melanoma. Risk for melanoma also increases with the severity of the sunburn or blisters. Lifetime sun exposure, even if sunburn does not occur, is another risk factor for melanoma. Another modifiable risk factor is location. People who live of certain areas in the U.S. experience higher rates of melanoma. These are areas with a high elevation, warmer climate, and where sunlight can be reflected by sand, water, snow, and ice. Risk for melanoma is greatly increased by tanning, both outside with oils and by using sunlamps and tanning booths. Even people who tan well without burning are at risk for melanoma. Tan skin is evidence of skin damaged by UV radiation. Health care providers strongly encourage people, especially young people, to avoid tanning beds, booths, and sunlamps. The risk of melanoma is greatly increased by using these artificial sources of UV radiation before age 30.

How Are We Doing?

Utah's age-adjusted rate for melanoma incidence has been rising steadily from 20.5 per 100,000 population in 2000 to 42.4 per 100,000 population in 2014. Among local health districts, during 2012-2014 the highest age-adjusted melanoma of the skin incidence rate was in Summit County an age-adjusted rate of 76.8 per 100,000 population. Summit County health district was also the only health district to be significantly above the state rate during this time frame. From 2012-2014 Southeast health district had the lowest age-adjusted melanoma incidence rate of 21.6 per 100,000 population. Utah males were significantly more likely than Utah females to be diagnosed with melanoma of the skin. This difference between males and females increases with age; from 2012-2014 among those 65 years of age and over, the melanoma incidence rate for Utah males was 217.1 per 100,000 persons while the rate for females was 80.8 per 100,000 persons.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

Utah has consistently ranked as the highest state nationally in terms of melanoma death and incidence. In 2013, the age-adjusted melanoma incidence rate in Utah was 37.4 per 100,000 and 20.7 in the U.S.

What Is Being Done?

The Utah Department of Health initiated the Utah Cancer Action Network (UCAN), a statewide partnership whose goal is to reduce the burden of cancer. The mission of the UCAN is to lower cancer incidence and mortality in Utah through collaborative efforts directed toward cancer prevention and control. As a result of this planning process, objectives and strategies have been developed by community partners regarding the early detection of cervical, breast, and colorectal cancers as well as the promotion of physical activity, healthy eating habits, melanoma cancer prevention, and cancer survivorship advocacy.


Related Indicators

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicators:




Graphical Data Views

Melanoma of the Skin Incidence by Year, Utah and U.S., 1999-2014

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confidence limits

Utah vs. U.S.YearAge-adjusted Rate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNote
Record Count: 32
Utah199922.320.024.7
Utah200020.518.422.8
Utah200121.619.523.9
Utah200220.918.923.2
Utah200323.821.626.2
Utah200426.023.828.5
Utah200528.526.231.0
Utah200630.428.133.0
Utah200730.227.832.7
Utah200830.227.932.7
Utah200930.728.433.2
Utah201033.731.436.3
Utah201134.432.037.0
Utah201235.132.737.6
Utah201337.435.039.9
Utah201442.439.845.0
U.S.199915.215.115.4
U.S.200016.216.116.4
U.S.200117.217.017.3
U.S.200217.517.317.7
U.S.200317.117.017.3
U.S.200418.118.018.3
U.S.200519.319.219.5
U.S.200619.118.919.2
U.S.200719.519.319.6
U.S.200819.819.620.0
U.S.200920.220.020.3
U.S.201019.819.620.0
U.S.201120.420.220.6
U.S.201220.420.220.5
U.S.201320.720.520.8
U.S.2014***U.S. Data available through 2013

Data Notes

ICD-O3 Site C440-C449 and Histology 8720-8790: Melanoma of the Skin, which corresponds to ICD-10 code C43.   [[br]] ^ ^Rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 U.S. population.[[br]]^ ^*U.S. Data available through 2013

Data Sources

  • The cancer data was provided by the Utah Cancer Registry, which is funded by contract HHSN2612013000171 from the National Cancer Institute's SEER Program with additional support from the Utah Department of Health and the University of Utah
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2015
  • U.S. Cancer Statistics: WONDER Online Database. United States Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and National Cancer Institute. Accessed at [http://wonder.cdc.gov/cancer.html]


Melanoma of the Skin Incidence by Local Health District, Utah, 2012-2014

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Local Health DistrictAge-adjusted Rate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNote
Record Count: 14
Bear River30.425.236.3
Central27.420.935.2
Davis County43.438.948.3
Salt Lake County41.739.344.2
San Juan23.110.942.8*
Southeast21.614.331.4
Southwest42.837.848.2
Summit76.860.895.8
Tooele46.234.959.9
TriCounty34.125.245.2
Utah County28.825.632.3
Wasatch53.437.474.1
Weber-Morgan34.430.039.1
State of Utah38.436.939.8

Data Notes

ICD-O3 Site C440-C449 and Histology 8720-8790: Melanoma of the Skin, which corresponds to ICD-10 code C43.   [[br]] Rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 U.S. population. [[br]] *Use caution in interpreting, the estimate has a relative standard error greater than 30% and does not meet UDOH standards for reliability. For more information, please go to [http://ibis.health.utah.gov/pdf/resource/DataSuppression.pdf].[[br]] Prior to 2015 San Juan County was part of the Southeast Local Health District. In 2015 the San Juan County Local Health District was formed. Data reported are for all years using the current boundaries.

Data Sources

  • The cancer data was provided by the Utah Cancer Registry, which is funded by contract HHSN2612013000171 from the National Cancer Institute's SEER Program with additional support from the Utah Department of Health and the University of Utah
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2015


Melanoma of the Skin Incidence by Utah Small Area, 2012-2014

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{{style color:red NOTE: We are in the process of updating the Utah Small Areas. This graph view depicts the old Small Areas. This graph view will be updated to the new Small Areas soon.}}
Utah Small AreasAge-adjusted Rate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 64
Brigham City29.818.445.6
Box Elder Co (Other)41.427.659.8
Logan30.422.040.9
Cache Co (Oth)/Rich Co (All)25.716.338.6
Ben Lomond26.418.636.3
Morgan Co (All)/Weber Co (E)41.130.554.1
Ogden (Downtown)28.318.541.4
South Ogden38.527.452.6
Roy/Hooper40.429.454.3
Riverdale30.319.045.7
Clearfield/Hill AFB26.117.837.1
Layton36.127.946.0
Syracuse/Kaysville36.126.647.9
Farmington/Centerville63.448.581.4
Woods Cross/North Salt Lake37.824.356.2
Bountiful64.551.979.1
SLC (Rose Park)17.29.029.9
SLC (Avenues)47.232.865.8
SLC (Foothill/U of U)71.752.795.2
Magna36.220.858.5
SLC (Glendale)28.316.345.6
West Valley (West)28.120.237.9
West Valley (East) V220.112.930.0
SLC (Downtown)39.329.152.0
South Salt Lake24.913.941.0
Millcreek43.134.053.8
Holladay43.433.954.8
Cottonwood49.338.362.5
Kearns V236.523.554.0
Taylorsville (E)/Murray (W)31.521.444.6
Taylorsville (West)28.818.742.5
Murray49.336.365.6
Midvale31.520.546.4
West Jordan (NE) V244.029.762.7
West Jordan (SE)37.224.055.1
West Jordan (W)/Copperton32.617.056.4
South Jordan53.641.268.6
Sandy (Center)44.534.356.8
Sandy (NE)77.958.2102.0
Sandy (SE)55.339.575.2
Riverton/Draper60.449.672.8
Tooele Co47.035.661.0
Lehi/Cedar Valley39.128.652.3
American Fork/Alpine33.624.245.6
Pleasant Grove/Lindon33.423.446.3
Orem (North)22.012.436.1
Orem (West)24.614.239.8
Orem (East)38.123.857.8
Provo (North)/BYU25.215.938.0
Provo (South)18.610.730.1
Springville/Spanish Fork22.816.430.8
Utah Co (South)29.518.644.5
Summit Co78.762.198.5
Wasatch Co54.037.974.6
TriCounty LHD33.925.045.0
Juab/Millard/Sanpete Co24.917.234.8
Sevier/Piute/Wayne Co34.322.550.0
Carbon/Emery Co20.412.431.7
Grand/San Juan Co23.914.038.0
St George41.733.950.8
Washington Co (Other)43.134.453.3
Cedar City47.234.263.3
Southwest LHD (Other)56.340.376.5
State39.237.740.6

Data Notes

ICD-O3 Site C440-C449 and Histology 8720-8790: Melanoma of the Skin, which corresponds to ICD-10 code C43.   [[br]]Age adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population.

Data Sources

  • The cancer data was provided by the Utah Cancer Registry, which is funded by contract HHSN2612013000171 from the National Cancer Institute's SEER Program with additional support from the Utah Department of Health and the University of Utah
  • Population estimates produced by the UDOH Center for Health Data and Informatics. Linear interpolation of U.S. Census Bureau and ESRI ZIP Code data provided annual population estimates for ZIP Code areas by sex and age groups, IBIS Version 2015


Melanoma of the Skin Incidence by Age and Sex, Utah, 2012-2014

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confidence limits

Crude/Population Estimates*100,000 = Value
Males vs. FemalesAge GroupIncidence per 100,000Lower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 6
Male<457.36.48.3
Male45-6473.067.479.0
Male65+217.1202.7232.2
Female<4510.99.712.1
Female45-6448.944.453.8
Female65+80.872.889.5

Data Notes

ICD-O3 Site C440-C449 and Histology 8720-8790: Melanoma of the Skin, which corresponds to ICD-10 code C43.

Data Sources

  • The cancer data was provided by the Utah Cancer Registry, which is funded by contract HHSN2612013000171 from the National Cancer Institute's SEER Program with additional support from the Utah Department of Health and the University of Utah
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2015

References and Community Resources

American Cancer Society: [http://www.cancer.org/Cancer/SkinCancer-Melanoma/index][[br]] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: [http://www.cdc.gov/cancer/skin/][[br]] Huntsman Cancer Institute: [http://www.huntsmancancer.org][[br]] National Cancer Institute: [http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/types/melanoma][[br]] Utah Community Cancer Resource Guide: [http://cancerutah.org/pdfs/CRG09.pdf][[br]] Utah Cancer Control Program: [http://www.cancerutah.org][[br]] Utah Cancer Action Network: [http://www.ucan.cc]

More Resources and Links

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

For an on-line medical dictionary, click on this Dictionary link.

Page Content Updated On 06/06/2017, Published on 06/06/2017
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's Center for Health Data IBIS-PH web site (http://ibis.health.state.gov). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Tue, 23 October 2018 21:07:56 from Department of Health, Center for Health Data, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.gov ".

Content updated: Thu, 12 Oct 2017 16:35:20 MDT