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Complete Health Indicator Report of Motor Vehicle Traffic Crash Deaths

Definition

Motor vehicle traffic crash deaths among Utah residents per 100,000. ICD-10 codes V02-04 [.1-.9], V09.2, V12-14 [.3-.9], V19 [.4-.6], V20-28 [.3-.9], V29-79 [.4-.9], V80 [.3-.5], V81-82 [.1], V83-86 [.0-.3], V87 [.0-.8], V89.2.

Numerator

Number of Utah resident deaths due to motor vehicle traffic crashes.

Denominator

Total number of persons in the population of Utah.

Why Is This Important?

In Utah in 2016, motor vehicle traffic crashes (MVTCs) accounted for 257 deaths. This was one of the main injury causes of death. Other types of injury death that year included suicide (612), accidental and undetermined poisoning (588), and unintentional falls (205).

Healthy People Objective IVP-13.1:

Reduce motor vehicle crash-related deaths per 100,000 population
U.S. Target: 12.4 deaths per 100,000 population
State Target: 8.7 deaths per 100,000 population

Other Objectives

Utah's 42 Community Health Indicators

How Are We Doing?

The motor vehicle traffic crash (MVTC) death rate has been decreasing in Utah over the past two decades, although there was a significant increase between 2013 and 2014 and remained steady between 2014 and 2016. Among males as a whole there was a significant increase in motor vehicle traffic death rates between 2013 and 2014. Rates have since remained steady through 2016. Among females as a whole, there were no significant changes in motor vehicle traffic death rates between 2014 and 2016. Between 2014 and 2016, San Juan (29.4 per 100,000 population), Southeast (18.9), and TriCounty (17.5) health districts had the highest MVTC death rates. Weber-Morgan (8.2 per 100,000 population) and Utah County (6.2) health districts had the lowest. Utah males aged 65+ had the highest MVTC death rates (23.8 per 100,000 population) between 2014 and 2016, followed by males aged 45-64 (15.0) and males aged 25-44 (12.7). Among females, the highest MVTC death rate was among Utahns aged 15-19 (9.1 per 100,000 population).

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

In 2016, Utah had a lower rate of MVTC deaths (8.8 deaths 100,000 population) than the U.S. (12.1 deaths per 100,000 population) ^1^[[br]] [[br]] ---- 1. CDC Injury Control and Prevention: Data & Statistics (WISQARS); Fatal Injury Reports, [http://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars/fatal.html]

What Is Being Done?

The Violence and Injury Prevention Program (VIPP) provides funding to Utah's 13 local health departments to implement motor vehicle safety programs and Safe Kids coalitions/chapters activities. These programs focus on child passenger safety and teen driving. The VIPP partners with the Utah Teen Driving Safety Task Force, Zero Fatalities Program, and Utah Highway Safety Office, among other state and local agencies to prevent MVTC deaths. For the past eight years, a book has been published that tells the stories of teens who died in motor vehicle-related crashes. The book is distributed to each drivers education instructor in the state as a prevention tool. The books can be downloaded at [http://www.health.utah.gov/vipp/teens/teen-driving/] or [http://www.dontdrivestupid.com]. The Utah Department of Transportation Zero Fatalities Program ([http://ut.zerofatalities.com/]) is a comprehensive, educational campaign aimed at reducing Utah's top five causes of traffic related deaths: not buckling up, drowsy driving, impaired driving, distracted driving, and aggressive driving. Utah is one of 18 states that does not have a primary seat belt law. Primary seat belt laws allow law enforcement officers to ticket a driver for not wearing a seat belt, without any other traffic offense taking place. Secondary seat belt laws state that law enforcement officers may issue a ticket for not wearing a seat belt only when there is another citable traffic infraction. The Utah Department of Public Safety conducts an annual safety belt observational survey to determine safety belt use for Utah. Overall, safety belt use in Utah for 2017 was 88.8%, an increase from the 2016 rate of 87.9%. In 1999, a graduated driver licensing law (GDL) was enacted in Utah to address the concern of teenage driving and crashes. GDL programs allow young drivers to safely gain driving experience before obtaining full driving privileges. GDL programs are proven to reduce the number of fatal crashes among young drivers. Several changes have been made to the Utah GDL since 1999. There has been a 62% decrease in the rate of teens aged 15-17 killed in motor vehicle crashes since the Utah GDL laws went into effect in 1999. Prior to 1999, there was only a 31% decrease. In 2000, the Utah Legislature upgraded the law to make child safety seat use mandatory for children through age four. In 2008, the Utah Legislature enacted a booster seat law, requiring children younger than 8 years of age to use an appropriate child restraint device like a car seat or a booster seat. Previously, the law only required children under the age of 5 to use an approved child restraint device. The new law now protects children from ages 5 through 7 through use of a booster seat or car seat. However, children younger than 8 who are at least 57 inches tall are exempt from the law and may use a regular seat belt. In 2009, the Utah Legislature passed HB290 which prohibits texting and use of electronic mail while driving. In 2013, the Utah Legislature passed HB103 which bans drivers 18 years of age and younger from talking on a cell phone while driving. In 2014, the Utah Legislature passed SB253, which prohibits drivers from using cell phones and other electronic devices to manually dial phone numbers, access the internet, or take photos or videos while driving.

Available Services

Call 1-888-DASH-2-DOT or visit [http://cert.safekids.org/] to locate the certified child passenger safety technician nearest you. Violence and Injury Prevention Program, Utah Department of Health[[br]] 801-538-6141[[br]] [http://health.utah.gov/vipp] Safe Kids Utah[[br]] Service provided: child safety seat inspection, booster seat inspection[[br]] 801-538-6852[[br]] [http://www.safekidsutah.org] Zero Fatalities Program[[br]] [http://ut.zerofatalities.com/] Utah Highway Safety Office[[br]] 801-293-2480[[br]] [https://highwaysafety.utah.gov/] Utah Safety Council[[br]] Service provided: defensive driving course[[br]] 801-262-5400[[br]] [http://www.utahsafetycouncil.org] Intermountain Injury Control Research Center[[br]] 801-585-9157[[br]] [http://medicine.utah.edu/pediatrics/critical_care/research/iicrc.php][[br]] [[br]] [[br]] '''NATIONAL WEB SITES:'''[[br]] [[br]] Governors Highway Safety Association[[br]] [http://www.ghsa.org/] National Center for Injury Prevention and Control[[br]] [http://www.cdc.gov/injury/index.html] National Highway Transportation Safety Administration[[br]] [http://www.nhtsa.dot.gov/] Safe Kids USA[[br]] [https://www.safekids.org/united-states-0] Children's Safety Network[[br]] [http://www.childrenssafetynetwork.org] U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission[[br]] [http://www.cpsc.gov/]

Health Program Information

The Violence and Injury Prevention Program (VIPP) is a trusted and comprehensive resource for data related to violence and injury. Through education, this information helps promote partnerships and programs to prevent injuries and improve public health. VIPP goals are to a) focus prevention efforts on reducing intentional and unintentional injury, b) conduct education aimed at increasing awareness and changing behaviors that contribute to the occurrence of injury, c) strengthen local health department capacity to conduct local injury prevention programs, d) promote legislation, policy changes, and enforcement that will reduce injury hazards and increase safe behaviors, e) collaborate with private and public partners, and f) improve the Utah Department of Health capacity to collect mortality and morbidity data from multiple sources and conduct injury epidemiology for use in prevention planning, implementation, and evaluation.


Related Indicators

Relevant Population Characteristics

Old or young age and inexperience of the driver contributes to an increased risk of death or injury from motor vehicle traffic crashes. Excessive speed and fatigue are other factors resulting in increased risk of motor vehicle traffic crashes and deaths due to those crashes. Beginning at age 15, more Utah males die in motor vehicle traffic crashes than Utah females.

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicators:


Health Care System Factors

More Utahns are injured than killed in motor vehicle traffic crashes. The resulting number of hospitalizations places undue financial burden on Utah's health care system.

Related Health Care System Factors Indicators:


Risk Factors

The five most important factors contributing to motor vehicle traffic crash injuries are not wearing a seat belt, drowsy driving, impaired driving (alcohol or drugs), aggressive driving, and distracted driving. Not using a safety belt or a child safety restraint while traveling in a motor vehicle greatly increases the chance of being injured or killed in a crash. When not using these safety devices, a person is more likely to be ejected from the vehicle. A person's driving ability is affected by a Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) as low as .02%. The likelihood of a crash increases significantly over .05%. Twelve percent of fatal crashes in Utah involve alcohol-impaired drivers^1^. When alcohol is involved, crashes tend to be more severe. As blood alcohol levels increase, balance, coordination, and reasoning ability worsen. Additional information can be found at [https://highwaysafety.utah.gov/crash-data/utah-crash-summaries/].[[br]] [[br]] ---- 1. Utah Department of Public Safety, ''Utah Crash Summary 2016''

Related Risk Factors Indicators:




Graphical Data Views

Motor Vehicle Traffic Crash Death Rates, Utah and U.S., 1999-2016

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Utah vs. U.S.YearAge-adjusted Rate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 36
Utah199915.113.517.03152,193,006
Utah200015.013.316.83162,244,502
Utah200112.711.214.32792,283,715
Utah200213.512.015.23012,324,815
Utah200312.511.014.12802,360,137
Utah200413.211.714.82982,401,580
Utah200512.511.114.12922,457,719
Utah200612.411.013.92962,525,507
Utah200710.89.512.22692,597,746
Utah200810.69.412.02682,663,029
Utah20099.07.810.32272,723,421
Utah20109.07.910.32322,775,326
Utah20118.97.810.22432,816,124
Utah20127.66.68.82052,855,782
Utah20137.26.28.31922,902,663
Utah20148.77.69.92342,941,836
Utah20158.77.69.82472,990,632
Utah20168.87.810.02573,051,217
U.S.199915.242,401279,040,238
U.S.200015.343,354282,171,936
U.S.200115.343,788285,081,556
U.S.200215.745,380287,803,914
U.S.200315.344,757290,326,418
U.S.200415.244,933293,045,739
U.S.200515.245,343295,753,151
U.S.200615.045,316298,593,212
U.S.200714.443,945301,579,895
U.S.200812.939,790304,374,846
U.S.200911.636,216307,006,550
U.S.201011.235,332308,747,508
U.S.201111.135,303311,663,358
U.S.201211.336,415313,998,379
U.S.201310.935,369316,204,908
U.S.201410.835,398318,907,401
U.S.201511.437,757321,418,820
U.S.201612.140,327323,127,513

Data Notes

ICD-10 codes V02-04 [.1-.9], V09.2, V12-14 [.3-.9], V19 [.4-.6], V20-28 [.3-.9], V29-79 [.4-.9], V80 [.3-.5], V81-82 [.1], V83-86 [.0-.3], V87 [.0-.8], V89.2.   [[br]][[br]] Data have been age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population.

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2016
  • National Center for Injury Prevention and Control's Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS)


Motor Vehicle Traffic Crash Death Rates by Age and Sex, Utah, 2014-2016

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Males vs. FemalesAge GroupRate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 14
Male0-42.10.94.1*8388,512
Male5-142.81.74.222794,539
Male15-1911.38.115.440354,459
Male20-249.66.713.237387,572
Male25-4412.710.814.81631,282,134
Male45-6415.012.617.8133885,656
Male65+23.819.428.9102427,862
Female0-42.71.35.0*10369,015
Female5-140.70.21.6*5752,975
Female15-199.16.212.931341,747
Female20-248.76.012.332366,523
Female25-445.03.86.4621,240,985
Female45-645.64.27.450895,045
Female65+8.76.311.743496,661

Data Notes

ICD-10 codes V02-04 [.1-.9], V09.2, V12-14 [.3-.9], V19 [.4-.6], V20-28 [.3-.9], V29-79 [.4-.9], V80 [.3-.5], V81-82 [.1], V83-86 [.0-.3], V87 [.0-.8], V89.2.   [[br]][[br]] ^ ^* Use caution when interpreting, the relative standard error is greater than 30% and does not meet UDOH standards for reliability.

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2016


Motor Vehicle Traffic Crash Deaths by Local Health District, Utah, 2014-2016

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Local Health DistrictAge-adjusted Death Rate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 15
Bear River9.97.213.248524,451
Central13.08.619.028232,080
Davis County8.76.910.8811,007,497
Salt Lake County8.47.49.52683,317,365
San Juan29.414.951.91247,810
Southeast18.911.629.121121,173
Southwest9.26.911.958668,853
Summit10.04.618.7*10118,793
Tooele13.28.320.023189,311
TriCounty17.511.725.130175,830
Utah County6.24.97.8911,728,327
Wasatch6.62.414.4*687,482
Weber-Morgan8.26.310.662764,713
State of Utah8.78.19.47388,983,685
U.S.11.5114,197962,587,587

Data Notes

ICD-10 codes V02-04 [.1-.9], V09.2, V12-14 [.3-.9], V19 [.4-.6], V20-28 [.3-.9], V29-79 [.4-.9], V80 [.3-.5], V81-82 [.1], V83-86 [.0-.3], V87 [.0-.8], V89.2.   [[br]][[br]] Age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 population. Prior to 2015 San Juan County was part of the Southeast Local Health District. In 2015 the San Juan County Local Health District was formed. Data reported are for all years using the current boundaries. *Use caution when interpreting, the relative standard error is greater than 30% and does not meet UDOH standards for reliability.

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2016
  • National Center for Injury Prevention and Control's Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS)


Motor Vehicle Traffic Crash Death Rates by Utah Small Area, 2012-2016

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Utah Small AreasAge-adjusted Rate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 70
Brigham City14.78.024.814101,002
Box Elder Co (Other)8.74.415.412156,634
Logan5.22.98.717384,618
Cache Co (Oth)/Rich Co (All)13.18.419.326221,003
Ben Lomond11.98.116.832295,311
Morgan Co (All)/Weber Co (E)4.11.97.7*10226,294
Ogden (Downtown)10.05.815.818187,709
South Ogden8.14.513.316184,550
Roy/Hooper7.34.012.015231,973
Riverdale8.74.415.212134,029
Clearfield/Hill AFB7.24.311.422314,344
Layton8.75.912.332393,895
Syracuse/Kaysville8.65.213.422314,344
Farmington/Centerville9.05.014.816188,035
Woods Cross/North Salt Lake6.92.714.6*8165,619
Bountiful9.86.015.221234,835
SLC (Rose Park)8.94.715.314176,671
SLC (Avenues)3.00.87.8*4113,919
SLC (Foothill/U of U)****
Magna18.010.628.720138,059
SLC (Glendale)11.66.718.918290,155
West Valley (West)10.47.314.241411,502
West Valley (East) V210.66.915.527262,578
SLC (Downtown)7.04.011.119259,936
South Salt Lake10.05.417.014133,974
Millcreek5.83.49.318290,155
Holladay4.92.48.812236,232
Cottonwood2.40.95.4*6214,272
Kearns V212.47.619.122202,169
Taylorsville (E)/Murray (W)9.45.315.416186,677
Taylorsville (West)7.33.712.813198,016
Murray8.04.313.614168,691
Midvale9.24.915.614152,357
West Jordan (NE) V28.94.416.012301,908
West Jordan (SE)10.45.817.317186,801
West Jordan (W)/Copperton11.23.625.5*11230,464
South Jordan4.52.38.112301,908
Sandy (Center)7.74.811.921277,462
Sandy (NE)5.61.813.1*5119,051
Sandy (SE)5.42.011.5*7150,648
Riverton/Draper4.73.16.928614,930
Tooele Co14.09.819.239309,935
Lehi/Cedar Valley6.53.810.225533,336
American Fork/Alpine3.91.77.6*9295,292
Pleasant Grove/Lindon4.72.18.9*10283,374
Orem (North)6.22.911.6*11189,401
Orem (West)4.21.88.3*9165,885
Orem (East)7.32.615.8*6112,213
Provo (North)/BYU4.61.89.5*10260,997
Provo (South)8.14.014.514335,258
Springville/Spanish Fork6.24.09.226454,194
Utah Co (South)13.78.121.621190,910
Summit Co8.84.615.314195,052
Wasatch Co7.63.813.6*11139,484
TriCounty LHD17.713.023.648287,390
Juab/Millard/Sanpete Co15.210.521.434258,338
Sevier/Piute/Wayne Co7.23.214.0*9125,621
Carbon/Emery Co18.712.327.228156,519
Grand County17.06.835.1*747,130
San Juan County27.516.443.21977,717
St George7.24.610.727409,601
Washington Co (Other)7.85.011.527350,165
Cedar City7.03.512.512214,748
Southwest LHD (Other)20.412.631.223117,428
State8.37.88.81,13514,740,629
U.S.11.7186,4631,592,790,874

Data Notes

ICD-10 codes V02-04 [.1-.9], V09.2, V12-14 [.3-.9], V19 [.4-.6], V20-28 [.3-.9], V29-79 [.4-.9], V80 [.3-.5], V81-82 [.1], V83-86 [.0-.3], V87 [.0-.8], V89.2.   [[br]][[br]] Data have been age adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population. [[br]] [[br]] A description of the Utah Small Areas may be found on IBIS at the following URL: [http://ibis.health.utah.gov/resource/Help.html]. *Use caution when interpreting, the relative standard error is greater than 30% and does not meet UDOH standards for reliability. **The estimate was suppressed because 1) the relative standard error is greater than 50% or the relative standard error can't be determined, 2) the observed number of events is very small and not appropriate for publication.

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population estimates produced by the UDOH Center for Health Data and Informatics. Linear interpolation of U.S. Census Bureau and ESRI ZIP Code data provided annual population estimates for ZIP Code areas by sex and age groups, IBIS Version 2016
  • National Center for Injury Prevention and Control's Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS)


Motor Vehicle Traffic Crash Death Rates by Race, Utah, 2012-2016

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

RaceAge-adjusted Rate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 5
American Indian/Native Alaskan27.721.135.865224,423
Asian4.72.58.014349,312
Black7.33.912.514193,213
Pacific Islander5.32.210.6*8146,721
White7.57.08.097513,482,999

Data Notes

ICD-10 codes V02-04 [.1-.9], V09.2, V12-14 [.3-.9], V19 [.4-.6], V20-28 [.3-.9], V29-79 [.4-.9], V80 [.3-.5], V81-82 [.1], V83-86 [.0-.3], V87 [.0-.8], V89.2.   [[br]][[br]] Age-adjusted to U.S. 2000 standard population using 3 age groups (0-44, 45-64, 65+).

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin for Counties in Utah, U.S. Bureau of the Census, IBIS Version 2016


Motor Vehicle Traffic Crash Death Rates by Ethnicity, Utah, 2014-2016

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Hispanic EthnicityAge-adjusted Rate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 2
Hispanic17.013.920.61471,223,979
Non-Hispanic7.87.28.45917,759,706

Data Notes

ICD-10 codes V02-04 [.1-.9], V09.2, V12-14 [.3-.9], V19 [.4-.6], V20-28 [.3-.9], V29-79 [.4-.9], V80 [.3-.5], V81-82 [.1], V83-86 [.0-.3], V87 [.0-.8], V89.2.   [[br]][[br]] Age-adjusted to U.S. 2000 standard population using 3 age groups (0-44, 45-64, 65+).

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin for Counties in Utah, U.S. Bureau of the Census, IBIS Version 2016

References and Community Resources

1. CDC WISQARS Fatal Injury Reports; [http://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars/fatal.html][[br]] 2. Utah Department of Public Safety, ''Utah Crash Summary 2015'' [https://highwaysafety.utah.gov/crash-data/utah-crash-summaries/]

More Resources and Links

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

For an on-line medical dictionary, click on this Dictionary link.

Page Content Updated On 06/12/2018, Published on 06/18/2018
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's Center for Health Data IBIS-PH web site (http://ibis.health.state.gov). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Wed, 19 September 2018 16:53:58 from Department of Health, Center for Health Data, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.gov ".

Content updated: Mon, 18 Jun 2018 11:18:52 MDT