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Complete Health Indicator Report of Life Expectancy at Birth

Definition

Life expectancy is an estimate of the expected average number of years of life (or a person's age at death) for individuals who were born into a particular population. The method developed by C.L. Chiang was used to compute life expectancy.

Numerator

n/a

Denominator

n/a

Data Interpretation Issues

Life expectancy at birth is strongly influenced by infant and child mortality; life expectancy later in life reflects death rates at or above a given age and is independent of mortality at younger ages.

Why Is This Important?

Life expectancy is a measure that is often used to gauge the overall health of a community. Life expectancy at birth measures health status across all age groups. Shifts in life expectancy are often used to describe trends in mortality. Being able to predict how populations will age has enormous implications for the planning and provision of services and support. Small increases in life expectancy translate into large increases in the population. As the life expectancy of a population lengthens, the number of people living with chronic illnesses tends to increase because chronic illnesses are more common among older persons.

Other Objectives

One of Utah's 42 Community Health Status Indicators One of the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiolgists (CSTE) Chronic Disease Indicators: "Life Expectancy at Birth"

How Are We Doing?

Prevention and control of infectious diseases has had a profound impact on life expectancy during the 20th century. In the United States life expectancy at birth from 1900 to 2014 increased from 48 to 76.4 years for men, and from 51 to 81.2 years for women. In contrast to life expectancy at birth which increased sharply early in the century, life expectancy at age 65 improved primarily after 1950. Among men, life expectancy at age 65 rose from 12 to 18 years and among women from 12 to 20.5 years between 1900 and 2014. Improvements in nutrition, hygiene, and medical care contributed to decreases in death rates throughout the lifespan.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

Women typically outlive men. Females born in Utah today can expect to live 81.4 years, and males born in Utah can expect to live 78.2 years. This becomes evident in later years as individuals survive from their early sixties into their eighties and older. The population of Utahns aged 65+ was 53.7% female and 46.3% male according to the 2015 population estimate IBIS version 2015. Utah has a young population and ranks 49th in the percentage of the population aged 65 and over based on 2015 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates Table GCT0103.

What Is Being Done?

Now that people are living longer, it is important to look at ways that those added years can be lived in good health. Exercise, healthy diet and weight, not smoking, moderate use of alcohol, and injury prevention habits such as wearing seat belts all contribute to a healthy life span. Improvements in life expectancy increase the proportion of older individuals living in society. Policy-makers must be aware of this trend in order to provide viable and attractive options for elderly persons who require assistance with activities of daily living.


Related Indicators

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicators:


Health Care System Factors

With increased life expectancy, the health system will need to respond to increasing numbers of older adults who are more likely to be living with chronic diseases.

Related Health Care System Factors Indicators:


Risk Factors

Life expectancy at birth is strongly influenced by infant and child mortality.

Related Risk Factors Indicators:


Health Status Outcomes

As life expectancy increases, the number of people living with chronic disease and their effects also increases.

Related Health Status Outcomes Indicators:




Graphical Data Views

Life Expectancy at Birth by Sex, Utah and U.S., 1980-2015

::chart - missing::

In Utah, life expectancy at birth for males increased from 72.4 years in 1980 to 78.2 years in 2015, and for females from 78.6 to 81.4 years. In comparison, life expectancy at birth in the U.S. rose from 70.0 to 76.4 years for males, and from 77.4 to 81.2 years for females (from 1980 to 2014).
UT M, UT F, US M, US FYearAge in Years
Record Count: 142
Utah Males198072.4
Utah Males198172.7
Utah Males198273.4
Utah Males198373.9
Utah Males198473.3
Utah Males198573.6
Utah Males198674.1
Utah Males198774.4
Utah Males198874.5
Utah Males198974.8
Utah Males199074.9
Utah Males199175.0
Utah Males199275.3
Utah Males199374.9
Utah Males199474.8
Utah Males199575.2
Utah Males199675.5
Utah Males199775.5
Utah Males199875.4
Utah Males199975.6
Utah Males200076.7
Utah Males200176.8
Utah Males200276.7
Utah Males200376.8
Utah Males200476.9
Utah Males200577.5
Utah Males200677.7
Utah Males200777.6
Utah Males200878.2
Utah Males200978.4
Utah Males201078.1
Utah Males201178.4
Utah Males201278.3
Utah Males201377.9
Utah Males201478.3
Utah Males201578.2
Utah Females198078.6
Utah Females198178.8
Utah Females198278.7
Utah Females198379.0
Utah Females198479.2
Utah Females198579.2
Utah Females198679.6
Utah Females198779.2
Utah Females198879.3
Utah Females198979.1
Utah Females199080.1
Utah Females199179.6
Utah Females199280.0
Utah Females199379.5
Utah Females199479.8
Utah Females199579.5
Utah Females199679.9
Utah Females199779.6
Utah Females199879.6
Utah Females199979.8
Utah Females200080.8
Utah Females200180.8
Utah Females200280.7
Utah Females200380.6
Utah Females200481.0
Utah Females200581.3
Utah Females200681.3
Utah Females200781.5
Utah Females200881.9
Utah Females200982.2
Utah Females201082.2
Utah Females201181.6
Utah Females201282.0
Utah Females201381.7
Utah Females201481.6
Utah Females201581.4
U.S. Males198070.0
U.S. Males198170.4
U.S. Males198270.8
U.S. Males198371.0
U.S. Males198471.1
U.S. Males198570.1
U.S. Males198671.2
U.S. Males198771.4
U.S. Males198871.4
U.S. Males198971.7
U.S. Males199071.8
U.S. Males199172.0
U.S. Males199272.3
U.S. Males199372.2
U.S. Males199472.4
U.S. Males199572.5
U.S. Males199673.1
U.S. Males199773.6
U.S. Males199873.8
U.S. Males199973.9
U.S. Males200074.1
U.S. Males200174.2
U.S. Males200274.3
U.S. Males200374.5
U.S. Males200474.9
U.S. Males200574.9
U.S. Males200675.1
U.S. Males200775.4
U.S. Males200875.5
U.S. Males200975.7
U.S. Males201076.2
U.S. Males201176.3
U.S. Males201276.4
U.S. Males201376.4
U.S. Males201476.4
U.S. Females198077.4
U.S. Females198177.8
U.S. Females198278.1
U.S. Females198378.1
U.S. Females198478.2
U.S. Females198578.2
U.S. Females198678.2
U.S. Females198778.3
U.S. Females198878.3
U.S. Females198978.5
U.S. Females199078.8
U.S. Females199178.9
U.S. Females199279.1
U.S. Females199378.8
U.S. Females199479.0
U.S. Females199578.9
U.S. Females199679.1
U.S. Females199779.4
U.S. Females199879.5
U.S. Females199979.4
U.S. Females200079.3
U.S. Females200179.4
U.S. Females200279.5
U.S. Females200379.6
U.S. Females200479.9
U.S. Females200579.9
U.S. Females200680.2
U.S. Females200780.4
U.S. Females200880.5
U.S. Females200980.6
U.S. Females201081.0
U.S. Females201181.1
U.S. Females201281.2
U.S. Females201381.2
U.S. Females201481.2

Data Notes

The method developed by C.L. Chiang was used to compute life expectancy.   [[br]][[br]] U.S. 2014 estimate from NVSR Volume 65, Number 4.

Data Sources

  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2015
  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • National Vital Statistics System, National Center for Health Statistics, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  • American Community Survey


Life Expectancy at Birth by Ethnicity, Utah, 2011-2015 and U.S. 2014

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Life expectancy by ethnicity was calculated using death counts over a span of 5 years (2011-2015).
Hispanic EthnicityAge in YearsLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 4
Hispanic81.781.482.0
Non-Hispanic79.979.880.0
All Utahns80.079.980.0
U.S.78.8

Data Notes

The method developed by C.L. Chiang was used to compute life expectancy.   [[br]][[br]] U.S. 2014 estimate from NVSR Volume 65, Number 4.

Data Sources

  • Population Estimates by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin for Counties in Utah, U.S. Bureau of the Census, IBIS Version 2015
  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • National Center for Health Statistics


Life Expectancy at Birth by Utah Small Area, 2011-2015, and U.S. 2014

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Life expectancy by Utah Small Area was calculated using death counts over a span of 5 years (2011-2015).
Utah Small AreasAge in YearsLower LimitUpper LimitNote
Record Count: 68
Brigham City77.977.078.7
Box Elder Co (Other)79.678.880.4
Logan82.281.681.6
Cache Co (Oth)/Rich Co (All)81.480.882.0
Ben Lomond77.276.677.7
Morgan Co (All)/Weber Co (E)81.881.282.4
Ogden (Downtown)75.474.776.2
South Ogden79.779.080.4
Roy/Hooper79.178.479.7
Riverdale77.576.778.3
Clearfield/Hill AFB78.277.778.8
Layton80.379.880.8
Syracuse/Kaysville81.380.881.9
Farmington/Centerville82.982.283.6
Woods Cross/North Salt Lake81.480.682.2
Bountiful81.080.481.6
SLC (Rose Park)77.176.377.9
SLC (Avenues)83.382.484.2
SLC (Foothill/U of U)84.785.585.5
Magna76.275.377.1
SLC (Glendale)75.174.376.0
West Valley (West)78.277.778.7
West Valley (East)79.177.780.6##
West Valley (East) V277.676.978.3#
SLC (Downtown)73.172.373.9
South Salt Lake80.179.580.6
Millcreek81.981.382.4
Holladay82.381.782.8
Cottonwood79.177.880.4
Kearns78.077.378.6##
Kearns V275.174.375.8#
Taylorsville (E)/Murray (W)78.077.378.6
Taylorsville (West)80.679.981.3#
Murray78.777.979.4
Midvale77.977.178.7
West Jordan (NE)80.378.681.9##
West Jordan (NE) V277.776.878.6#
West Jordan (SE)79.278.580.0
West Jordan (W)/Copperton80.579.681.4
South Jordan81.480.982.0
Sandy (Center)79.779.180.2
Sandy (NE)80.379.681.1
Sandy (SE)82.081.282.7
Riverton/Draper80.580.180.9
Tooele Co78.177.578.6
Lehi/Cedar Valley80.880.381.4
American Fork/Alpine80.179.680.7
Pleasant Grove/Lindon81.681.082.2
Orem (North)78.878.179.5
Orem (West)82.381.583.2
Orem (East)82.681.783.4
Provo (North)/BYU82.481.883.1
Provo (South)78.077.378.8
Springville/Spanish Fork79.779.280.1
Utah Co (South)78.477.879.1
Summit Co81.981.382.6
Wasatch Co81.380.582.0
TriCounty LHD77.576.878.1
Juab/Millard/Sanpete Co79.078.479.6
Sevier/Piute/Wayne Co78.177.378.9
Carbon/Emery Co75.474.776.2
Grand/San Juan Co78.377.479.2
St George81.681.182.0
Washington Co (Other)81.380.881.8
Cedar City78.878.279.5
Southwest LHD (Other)77.476.578.3
State79.879.779.9
U.S.78.8

Data Notes

The method developed by C.L. Chiang was used to compute life expectancy.   [[br]] [[br]] ##Due to Utah Small Area reclassification, numbers for 'West Valley (East)', 'West Jordan (NE)', and 'Kearns' only include data for 2011. [[br]] [[br]] #Due to Utah Small Area reclassification, numbers for 'West Valley (East) V2', 'Kearns V2', 'Taylorsville (West)', and 'West Jordan (NE) V2' only include data for 2012-2015. [[br]] [[br]] To get more information on Utah Small Area definitions, please go to [http://ibis.health.utah.gov/pdf/resource/UtahSmallAreaInfo.pdf]. [[br]] [[br]] U.S. 2014 estimate from NVSR Volume 65, Number 4.

Data Sources

  • Population estimates produced by the UDOH Center for Health Data and Informatics. Linear interpolation of U.S. Census Bureau and ESRI ZIP Code data provided annual population estimates for ZIP Code areas by sex and age groups, IBIS Version 2015
  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • National Center for Health Statistics


Life Expectancy at Birth by Local Health District, Utah, 2011-2015 and U.S. 2014

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

LHD life expectancy was calculated using death counts over a span of 5 years (2011-2015).
Local Health DistrictAge in YearsLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 15
Bear River81.180.881.4
Central79.078.579.5
Davis County80.880.681.0
Salt Lake County79.679.479.7
San Juan78.777.580.0
Southeast76.375.677.0
Southwest80.980.681.2
Summit82.782.083.4
Tooele78.277.678.8
TriCounty77.476.878.0
Utah County80.780.580.9
Wasatch80.980.181.7
Weber-Morgan78.678.478.9
State of Utah80.079.980.0
U.S.78.8

Data Notes

The method developed by C.L. Chiang was used to compute life expectancy.   [[br]][[br]] Prior to 2015 San Juan County was part of the Southeast Local Health District. In 2015 the San Juan County Local Health District was formed. Data reported are for all years using the current boundaries.[[br]] [[br]] U.S. 2014 estimate from NVSR Volume 65, Number 4.

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2014
  • National Center for Health Statistics


Life Expectancy at Birth by Race, Utah, 2011-2015 and U.S. 2014

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Life expectancy by race was calculated using death counts over a span of 5 years (2011-2015).
RaceAge in YearsLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 7
American Indian/Native Alaskan77.176.378.0
Asian85.885.286.4
Black79.978.881.0
Pacific Islander76.175.077.1
White80.180.080.2
All Races80.079.980.0
U.S.78.8

Data Notes

The method developed by C.L. Chiang was used to compute life expectancy.   [[br]] [[br]] U.S. 2014 estimate from NVSR Volume 65, Number 4.

Data Sources

  • Population Estimates by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin for Counties in Utah, U.S. Bureau of the Census, IBIS Version 2015
  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • National Center for Health Statistics

More Resources and Links

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

For an on-line medical dictionary, click on this Dictionary link.

Page Content Updated On 12/09/2016, Published on 12/13/2016
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's Center for Health Data IBIS-PH web site (http://ibis.health.state.gov). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Fri, 20 April 2018 14:28:54 from Department of Health, Center for Health Data, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.gov ".

Content updated: Thu, 12 Oct 2017 16:59:31 MDT