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Complete Health Indicator Report of Homicide

Definition

Number of resident deaths resulting from the intentional use of force or power, threatened or actual, against another person, per 100,000 population. ICD-10 codes X85-X99, Y00-Y09, Y87.1, U01-U02.

Numerator

Number of deaths resulting from the intentional use of force or power, threatened or actual, against another person.

Denominator

Total number of persons in the population of Utah.

Data Interpretation Issues

ICD stands for the International Classification of Diseases. It is a coding system maintained by the World Health Organization and the U.S. National Center for Health Statistics used to classify causes of death, such as homicide, on death certificates. These codes are updated every decade or so to account for advances in medical technology. The U.S. is currently using the 10th revision (ICD-10) to code causes of death. The 9th revision (ICD-9) is still used for hospital and emergency department visits.

Why Is This Important?

From 2011 to 2015, Utah's age-adjusted homicide rate was 1.9 per 100,000 persons. This is an average of 54 homicides per year. Although Utah has one of the lowest age-adjusted homicide rates in the U.S., infants (less than 1 years of age) have the highest homicide rate compared to other age groups in Utah. Death by homicide takes an enormous toll on the mental and physical well-being of family members, friends, neighbors, and co-workers of the victim. The trauma, grief, and bereavement experienced by these individuals have long-lasting impacts that affect many aspects of their lives.

Healthy People Objective IVP-29:

Reduce homicides
U.S. Target: 5.5 homicides per 100,000 population
State Target: 2 homicides per 100,000 population

Other Objectives

Healthy People Objective 2020 IVP-30: [[br]] Reduce firearm-related deaths[[br]] '''U.S. Target:''' 9.3 deaths per 100,000 population[[br]] '''State Target:''' 9.0 firearm-related deaths per 100,000 population

How Are We Doing?

The 2015 Utah age-adjusted homicide rate was 1.9 per 100,000 population. From 2011 to 2015, males (2.4 per 100,000 population) had a significantly higher age-adjusted homicide rate compared to females (1.3 per 100,000 population). Infants had the highest homicide rates among males and females (4.6 and 4.1 per 100,000 population, respectively).

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

Utah's homicide rate has been consistently lower than the national rate. From 2011 to 2015, the age-adjusted homicide rate for the U.S. was 5.3 per 100,000 population. Utah's age-adjusted homicide rate was 1.9 per 100,000 population from 2011 to 2015.

What Is Being Done?

The UDOH Violence and Injury Prevention Program (VIPP) is funded by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to implement the Utah Violent Death Reporting System (UTVDRS). UTVDRS is a data collection and monitoring system that will help Utahns better understand the public health problem of violence by informing decision makers about the magnitude, trends, and characteristics of violent deaths such as homicide, and to evaluate and continue to improve state-based violence prevention policies and programs. Data are collected from the Office of the Medical Examiner, Vital Records, and law enforcement agencies and are linked together to help identify risk factors, understand circumstances, and better characterize perpetrators of violent deaths. VIPP also coordinates the Domestic Violence Fatality Review Committee (DVFRC) and the Child Fatality Review Committee (CFRC), whose members come from various statewide agencies and disciplines. Based upon the data collected, both committees make recommendations to prevent these deaths.

Available Services

Utah Office of Crime Victim Reparations[[br]] 1-801-238-2360[[br]] Toll-free: 1-800-621-7444[[br]] [http://www.crimevictim.utah.gov/] Utah Domestic Violence Council[[br]] [http://www.udvc.org/home.htm] Statewide Domestic Violence LinkLine[[br]] 1-800-897-LINK (5465)

Health Program Information

The Violence and Injury Prevention Program (VIPP) is a trusted and comprehensive resource for data related to violence and injury. Through education, this information helps promote partnerships and programs to prevent injuries and improve public health. VIPP goals are to a) focus prevention efforts on reducing intentional and unintentional injury, b) conduct education aimed at increasing awareness and changing behaviors that contribute to the occurrence of injury, c) strengthen local health department capacity to conduct local injury prevention programs, d) promote legislation, policy changes, and enforcement that will reduce injury hazards and increase safe behaviors, e) collaborate with private and public partners, and f) improve the Utah Department of Health capacity to collect mortality and morbidity data from multiple sources and conduct injury epidemiology for use in prevention planning, implementation, and evaluation.


Related Indicators

Relevant Population Characteristics

Infants had the highest homicide rates among males and females.

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicators:


Risk Factors

Risk factors for violent behavior in youth include history of violent victimization, involvement with drugs, alcohol, or tobacco, low parental involvement, poor monitoring and supervision of children, involvement with gangs, low commitment to school and school failure, high concentrations of poor residents, and socially disorganized neighborhoods.[[br]] [[br]] ---- Source: Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Injury Center: Violence Prevention, Youth Violence: Risk And Protective Factors: [http://www.cdc.gov/ViolencePrevention/youthviolence/riskprotectivefactors.html#1] (accessed 1/4/2017)

Related Risk Factors Indicators:




Graphical Data Views

Homicide by Sex and Year, Utah and U.S., 1999-2015

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

UT M, UT F, US M, US FYearAge-adjusted Rate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 68
Utah Males19993.32.34.6361,094,405
Utah Males20003.02.04.2351,124,675
Utah Males20014.33.15.7501,144,533
Utah Males20022.81.94.0331,165,962
Utah Males20033.92.85.3441,184,270
Utah Males20042.61.73.7311,204,831
Utah Males20053.22.34.4421,232,978
Utah Males20062.21.43.1281,267,516
Utah Males20073.32.44.4461,305,074
Utah Males20082.11.43.1271,337,398
Utah Males20092.71.83.8351,367,912
Utah Males20101.81.22.7261,394,302
Utah Males20112.21.53.2311,414,882
Utah Males20122.21.53.1311,435,921
Utah Males20132.41.73.4351,459,888
Utah Males20142.61.83.7371,480,607
Utah Males20152.51.83.5411,507,100
Utah Females19991.30.72.2151,098,601
Utah Females20001.60.92.6171,119,827
Utah Females20012.21.43.3231,139,182
Utah Females20021.61.02.5201,158,853
Utah Females20031.20.62.0141,175,867
Utah Females20041.00.51.9*111,196,749
Utah Females20051.60.92.4201,224,741
Utah Females20061.60.92.5181,257,991
Utah Females20071.30.82.1181,292,672
Utah Females20081.40.92.3191,325,631
Utah Females20091.20.72.0161,355,509
Utah Females20101.81.22.8241,381,124
Utah Females20111.81.12.7231,401,558
Utah Females20121.10.61.9151,420,422
Utah Females20131.30.72.1171,443,797
Utah Females20141.40.92.1211,463,891
Utah Females20151.20.71.9171,488,819
U.S. Males19999.112,785136,802,876
U.S. Males20009.012,820138,053,563
U.S. Males200110.815,555139,891,492
U.S. Males20029.413,640141,230,559
U.S. Males20039.513,882142,428,897
U.S. Males20049.213,578143,828,012
U.S. Males20059.714,376145,197,078
U.S. Males20069.814,717146,647,265
U.S. Males20079.614,538148,064,854
U.S. Males20089.314,135149,489,951
U.S. Males20098.613,126150,807,454
U.S. Males20108.312,774151,781,326
U.S. Males20118.312,745153,291,772
U.S. Males20128.513,208154,521,077
U.S. Males20138.112,726155,706,770
U.S. Males20147.912,491156,955,337
U.S. Males20159.014,274158,229,297
U.S. Females19992.94,104142,237,305
U.S. Females20002.83,945143,368,343
U.S. Females20013.34,753145,077,463
U.S. Females20022.83,998146,394,634
U.S. Females20032.63,850147,679,036
U.S. Females20042.63,779148,977,286
U.S. Females20052.53,748150,319,521
U.S. Females20062.63,856151,732,647
U.S. Females20072.53,823153,166,353
U.S. Females20082.43,691154,604,015
U.S. Females20092.43,673155,964,075
U.S. Females20102.23,485156,964,212
U.S. Females20112.23,493158,427,085
U.S. Females20122.23,480159,581,546
U.S. Females20132.23,395160,720,625
U.S. Females20142.13,318161,952,064
U.S. Females20152.23,519163,189,523

Data Notes

Homicides are determined by using ICD-10 codes X85-X99, Y00-Y09, Y87.1, U01-U02.   [[br]] [[br]] Data are age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population. [[br]] [[br]] *Use caution in interpreting, the estimate has a relative standard error greater than 30% and does not meet UDOH standards for reliability.

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2015
  • National Center for Injury Prevention and Control's Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS)


Homicide by Local Health District, Utah and U.S., 2011-2015

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Local Health DistrictAge-adjusted Rate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 15
Bear River1.00.42.0*9853,659
Central3.11.55.611381,752
Davis County1.40.92.2231,616,869
Salt Lake County2.31.92.71245,394,788
San Juan****
Southeast3.61.57.5*7205,217
Southwest1.91.13.1191,070,574
Summit****
Tooele****
TriCounty4.22.17.6*11283,320
Utah County1.20.81.7312,759,783
Wasatch****
Weber-Morgan2.11.43.1271,244,791
State of Utah1.91.72.126814,516,885
U.S.5.382,6491,582,575,096

Data Notes

Homicides are determined by using ICD-10 codes X85-X99, Y00-Y09, Y87.1, U01-U02.   [[br]] [[br]]*Use caution in interpreting, the estimate has a relative standard error greater than 30% and does not meet UDOH standards for reliability.[[br]] ^ ^**Data does not meet UDOH standards for reliability.[[br]] For more information, please go to [http://ibis.health.utah.gov/pdf/resource/DataSuppression.pdf]. Data are age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population. Prior to 2015 San Juan County was part of the Southeast Local Health District. In 2015 the San Juan County Local Health District was formed. Data reported are for all years using the current boundaries.

Data Sources

  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2015
  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • National Center for Injury Prevention and Control's Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS)


Homicide by Sex and Age Group, Utah, 2011-2015

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Males vs. FemalesAge GroupRate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 14
MaleUnder 1 Year4.61.710.1*6129,829
Male1-140.80.41.3141,820,274
Male15-243.12.24.3371,191,515
Male25-443.83.04.7782,074,719
Male45-642.01.32.8281,431,049
Male65-841.50.72.9*9585,520
Male85+****
FemaleUnder 1 Year4.11.39.5*5122,904
Female1-140.80.41.3131,725,650
Female15-240.80.41.5*91,152,855
Female25-441.71.22.4342,001,915
Female45-641.40.82.1201,449,792
Female65-841.20.52.4*8661,405
Female85+****

Data Notes

Homicides are determined by using ICD-10 codes X85-X99, Y00-Y09, Y87.1, U01-U02.   [[br]] [[br]]*Use caution in interpreting, the estimate has a relative standard error greater than 30% and does not meet UDOH standards for reliability.[[br]] ^ ^**Data does not meet UDOH standards for reliability.[[br]] For more information, please go to [http://ibis.health.utah.gov/pdf/resource/DataSuppression.pdf].

Data Sources

  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2015
  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health


Homicide by Race, Utah, 2011-2015

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

RaceRate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 6
American Indian/Native Alaskan4.42.27.9*11219,037
Asian****
Black6.93.711.814188,964
Pacific Islander****
White1.71.51.922413,297,502
All Races1.81.62.126814,516,885

Data Notes

Homicides are determined by using ICD-10 codes X85-X99, Y00-Y09, Y87.1, U01-U02.   [[br]] [[br]]*Use caution in interpreting, the estimate has a relative standard error greater than 30% and does not meet UDOH standards for reliability.[[br]] ^ ^**Data does not meet UDOH standards for reliability.[[br]] For more information, please go to [http://ibis.health.utah.gov/pdf/resource/DataSuppression.pdf]. Data are age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population using 3 age groups.

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin for Counties in Utah, U.S. Bureau of the Census, IBIS Version 2015


Homicide by Ethnicity, Utah, 2011-2015

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Hispanic EthnicityRate per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 7
Hispanic4.53.26.1691,949,266
Non-Hispanic1.61.41.919812,567,619
All Utahns1.91.72.126814,516,885

Data Notes

Homicides are determined by using ICD-10 codes X85-X99, Y00-Y09, Y87.1, U01-U02.   [[br]] [[br]]*Use caution in interpreting, the estimate has a relative standard error greater than 30% and does not meet UDOH standards for reliability.[[br]] ^ ^**Data does not meet UDOH standards for reliability.[[br]] For more information, please go to [http://ibis.health.utah.gov/pdf/resource/DataSuppression.pdf]. Data are age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population.

Data Sources

  • Utah Death Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin for Counties in Utah, U.S. Bureau of the Census, IBIS Version 2015

References and Community Resources

The Utah Violent Death Reporting System links data from multiple sources to help identify risk factors and understand circumstances in violent deaths, including homicides. For further information visit [http://www.health.utah.gov/vipp/topics/nvdrs/]. National Organization for Victims Assistance (NOVA)[[br]] [http://www.try-nova.org]

More Resources and Links

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

For an on-line medical dictionary, click on this Dictionary link.

Page Content Updated On 01/04/2017, Published on 03/13/2017
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's Center for Health Data IBIS-PH web site (http://ibis.health.state.gov). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Tue, 17 July 2018 23:01:29 from Department of Health, Center for Health Data, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.gov ".

Content updated: Fri, 26 May 2017 10:19:46 MDT