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Complete Health Indicator Report of HIV Infections

Definition

Number of people infected with HIV and living in Utah.

Numerator

Number of people known to be living in Utah with HIV Infection.

Denominator

NA

Data Interpretation Issues

The total number of people living with HIV is only an approximation of the number of HIV positive persons living in Utah since it does not include persons who have moved out of Utah or have died where this information has not been reported.

Why Is This Important?

HIV is a blood-borne virus. Transmission occurs primarily through sexual contact with an infected person, sharing needles for the injection of drugs, or before, during, or after the birth of children of HIV-infected mothers. The Bureau of Epidemiology has the responsibility of tracking cases of HIV in order to monitor trends in the disease and whenever possible to interrupt the transmission of HIV. This is done by collecting pertinent demographic information on reported HIV-positive individuals and by conducting follow-up on newly diagnosed individuals and their partners. No treatment is available to cure HIV, although antiretroviral treatments are available to extend survival among those who are infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

Healthy People Objective HIV-2:

Reduce the number of new HIV infections among adolescents and adults
U.S. Target: 36,450 people

Other Objectives

Utah's 42 Community Health Indicators Related to the following Health People 2020 Objectives: *HIV-2: Reduce the number of new HIV infections among adolescents and adults [[br]] '''U.S. Target:''' 36,450 people *HIV-3: Reduce the rate of HIV transmission among adolescents and adults [[br]] '''U.S. Target:''' 3.5 new infections per 100 persons living with HIV *HIV-9: Reduce the proportion of persons with a diagnosis of Stage 3 HIV (AIDS) within 3 months of diagnosis of HIV infection [[br]] '''U.S. Target:''' 20.8 percent *HIV-12: Reduce deaths from HIV infection [[br]] '''U.S. Target:''' 3.3 deaths per 100,000 population *HIV-13: Increase the proportion of persons living with HIV who know their serostatus [[br]] '''U.S. Target:''' 90.0 percent *HIV-14.1: Increase the proportion of adolescents and adults who have ever been tested for HIV [[br]] '''U.S. Target:''' 73.6 percent *HIV-14.2: Increase the proportion of men who have sex with men (MSM) who report having been tested for HIV in the past 12 months [[br]] '''U.S. Target:''' 68.4 percent

How Are We Doing?

As of December 31, 2016, a total of 3,167 individuals diagnosed with HIV (regardless of AIDS diagnosis) were currently known to be living in Utah. AIDS-related deaths have been decreasing, primarily because of improved efficacy of combination antiretroviral therapies. This trend has led to an increased number of people living with HIV infections in Utah, thus impacting healthcare systems and increasing the need for HIV Prevention and HIV Treatment and Care programs. Of those HIV-positive individuals known to be living in Utah as of December 31, 2016, the majority (57%) are between 40-59 years of age. Those HIV-positive individuals known to be living in Utah aged 20-39 years also make up 26%. Persons aged 60 years and above account for 16% where as children and adolescents (aged 0-19) account for only 1%. Of the total 3,167 individuals known to be living with HIV, 2,693 (85%) are male, and 474 (15%) are female. Male-to-male sexual contact (MSM) is the most common means of HIV exposure (66%) reported among men of all races followed by male-to-male sexual contact and injection drug-use (MSM+IDU) at 15%. The racial breakdown of men living with HIV shows 68% are White (non-Hispanic), 20% are Hispanic, 7% are Black, 2% are Asian/Pacific Islander, 1% are American Indian/Alaskan Native, and 2% are of multiple races or unknown. Heterosexual contact is the most common means of HIV exposure (47%) reported among women followed by injection drug use (IDU) at 22%. The racial breakdown of women living with HIV shows 47% are White (non-Hispanic), 26% are Black, 20% are Hispanic, 4% are Asian/Pacific Islander, 1% are American Indian/Alaskan Native, and 2% are of multiple races or unknown.

What Is Being Done?

Community-based prevention efforts include: * HIV testing as a part of routine medical care * Targeting high-risk populations to get tested * Encouraging safer sexual practices * Encouraging drug users to get treatment and increase harm reduction practices * Encouraging pregnant women or women considering pregnancy to be tested for HIV

Available Services

Bureau of Epidemiology: Prevention, Treatment & Care Program Program - counseling and testing, drug assistance, health insurance, and supportive services 288 North 1460 West, SLC, UT 84114-2104[[br]] Phone: (801) 538-6191[[br]] Fax: (801) 538-9913[[br]] [http://www.health.utah.gov/epi]


Related Indicators

Relevant Population Characteristics

The majority of HIV-positive individuals known to be living in Utah as of December 31, 2016 are male and between 50-59 years of age. Male-to-male sexual contact (MSM) is the most common means of HIV exposure among males, while heterosexual contact is the most common means of exposure among females. When looking at race/ethnicity of the HIV-positive population in Utah, the male population is predominately White non-Hispanic (68%), followed by Hispanic (20%) and Black (7%). The female HIV-positive population in Utah is more diverse, with 47% White non-Hispanic, 26% Black, and 20% Hispanic.

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicators:


Health Care System Factors

AIDS-related deaths have been decreasing, primarily because of improved efficacy of combination antiretroviral therapies. This trend has led to an increased number of people living with HIV disease in Utah, thus impacting the health care systems and increasing the need for HIV/AIDS Prevention and HIV/AIDS Treatment and Care programs.

Related Health Care System Factors Indicators:


Related Risk Factors Indicators:


Related Health Status Outcomes Indicators:




Graphical Data Views

People Living With HIV Infection by Sex and Age Group, Utah, Through December 31, 2016

::chart - missing::

Males vs. FemalesAge GroupNumber of Cases
Record Count: 14
Male0-1210
Male13-1915
Male20-29193
Male30-39497
Male40-49691
Male50-59837
Male60+450
Female0-125
Female13-197
Female20-2922
Female30-39107
Female40-49155
Female50-59114
Female60+64

Data Notes

Note that, prior to the 2016 data year, reported numbers did not include new diagnoses for their respective years. This, combined with continuous increases in data quality, may result in larger reported numbers beginning with the 2016 data year.

Data Source

Utah Department of Health, Bureau of Epidemiology


Number of People Living With HIV/AIDS by Local Health District, Utah, 2016

::chart - missing::

People living with HIV in Utah in 2015 primarily live along the Wasatch Front (Weber, Davis, Salt Lake, & Utah counties). All Local Health Districts continue to be affected by the epidemic.
Local Health DistrictNumber of People Living with HIV Infection
Record Count: 14
Bear River74
Central34
Davis County202
Salt Lake County2,215
San Juan5
Southeast23
Southwest131
Summit25
Tooele32
TriCounty25
Utah County215
Wasatch11
Weber-Morgan175
State of Utah3,167

Data Notes

Note that, prior to the 2016 data year, reported numbers did not include new diagnoses for their respective years. This, combined with continuous increases in data quality, may result in larger reported numbers beginning with the 2016 data year.

Data Source

Utah Department of Health, Bureau of Epidemiology


Percentage Distribution of Persons Living With HIV/AIDS by Race/Ethnicity and Sex, Utah, 2016

::chart - missing::

Males vs. FemalesRace/EthnicityPercentage Distribution
Record Count: 12
MaleAmerican Indian/Native Alaskan1%
MaleAsian/Pacific Islander2%
MaleBlack7%
MaleHispanic20%
MaleWhite68%
MaleOther2%
FemaleAmerican Indian/Native Alaskan1%
FemaleAsian/Pacific Islander4%
FemaleBlack26%
FemaleHispanic20%
FemaleWhite47%
FemaleOther2%

Data Notes

Note that, prior to the 2016 data year, reported numbers did not include new diagnoses for their respective years. This, combined with continuous increases in data quality, may result in larger reported numbers beginning with the 2016 data year.   Persons identified as being of Hispanic ethnicity, regardless of race, are included in the Hispanic category only; all other races are reported as non-Hispanic.

Data Source

HIV/AIDS Surveillance Program, Utah Department of Health

References and Community Resources

Bureau of Epidemiology - HIV/AIDS[[br]] [http://health.utah.gov/epi/diseases/hivaids/][[br]] [[br]] National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention[[br]] [http://www.cdc.gov/nchhstp/][[br]] [[br]] AIDSinfo - Information on AIDS Treatment, Prevention and Research[[br]] [http://www.aidsinfo.nih.gov][[br]] [[br]] Utah Department of Health - Is It On Your List?[[br]] [http://www.aidsinfoutah.net][[br]] [[br]] amfAR - The Foundation for AIDS Research[[br]] [http://www.amfar.org][[br]] [[br]] The Complete HIV/AIDS Resource - TheBody.com[[br]] [http://www.thebody.com][[br]] [[br]] Planned Parenthood[[br]] [http://www.plannedparenthood.org][[br]] [[br]] Utah AIDS Foundation[[br]] [http://www.utahaids.org]

More Resources and Links

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

For an on-line medical dictionary, click on this Dictionary link.

Page Content Updated On 12/29/2017, Published on 01/09/2018
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's Center for Health Data IBIS-PH web site (http://ibis.health.state.gov). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Mon, 18 June 2018 1:47:44 from Department of Health, Center for Health Data, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.gov ".

Content updated: Tue, 9 Jan 2018 12:51:08 MST