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Complete Health Indicator Report of HIV Infections

Definition

Number of people infected with HIV and living in Utah.

Numerator

For views regarding new cases - the number of new HIV diagnoses in a given year. For views regarding persons living with HIV in Utah - the number of persons with diagnosed HIV infection who are known to be living in Utah during a particular time-frame.

Denominator

Number of people living in Utah

Data Interpretation Issues

The total number of people living with HIV is only an approximation of the number of HIV positive persons living in Utah since it does not include persons who have moved out of Utah or have died where this information has not been reported.

Why Is This Important?

HIV is a blood-borne virus. Transmission occurs primarily through sexual contact with an infected person, sharing needles for the injection of drugs, or before, during, or after the birth of children to HIV-infected mothers. The Bureau of Epidemiology has the responsibility of tracking cases of HIV in order to monitor trends in the disease and, whenever possible, to interrupt the transmission of HIV. This is done by collecting pertinent demographic information on reported HIV-positive individuals and by conducting follow-up on newly diagnosed individuals and their partners. No treatment is available to cure HIV, although antiretroviral treatments are available to extend survival among those who are infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

Healthy People Objective HIV-2:

Reduce the number of new HIV infections among adolescents and adults
U.S. Target: 36,450 people

Other Objectives

Utah's 42 Community Health Indicators Related to the following Health People 2020 Objectives: *HIV-2: Reduce the number of new HIV infections among adolescents and adults [[br]] '''U.S. Target:''' 36,450 people *HIV-3: Reduce the rate of HIV transmission among adolescents and adults [[br]] '''U.S. Target:''' 3.5 new infections per 100 persons living with HIV *HIV-9: Reduce the proportion of persons with a diagnosis of Stage 3 HIV (AIDS) within 3 months of diagnosis of HIV infection [[br]] '''U.S. Target:''' 20.8 percent *HIV-12: Reduce deaths from HIV infection [[br]] '''U.S. Target:''' 3.3 deaths per 100,000 population *HIV-13: Increase the proportion of persons living with HIV who know their serostatus [[br]] '''U.S. Target:''' 90.0 percent *HIV-14.1: Increase the proportion of adolescents and adults who have ever been tested for HIV [[br]] '''U.S. Target:''' 73.6 percent *HIV-14.2: Increase the proportion of men who have sex with men (MSM) who report having been tested for HIV in the past 12 months [[br]] '''U.S. Target:''' 68.4 percent

How Are We Doing?

As of December 31, 2016, a total of 3,169 individuals diagnosed with HIV (regardless of AIDS diagnosis) were known to be living in Utah. AIDS-related deaths have been decreasing, primarily because of improved efficacy of combination antiretroviral therapies. This trend has led to an increased number of people living with HIV infections in Utah, thus impacting healthcare systems and increasing the need for HIV Prevention and HIV Treatment and Care programs. Of those HIV-positive individuals known to be living in Utah as of December 31, 2016, the majority (29%) are between 50-59 years of age. Those HIV-positive individuals known to be living in Utah aged 40-49 years also make up 27%. Persons aged 60 years and above account for 15% whereas children and adolescents (aged 0-19) account for only 2%. Of the total 3,130 individuals with a known birth sex, 2,659 (85%) are male, and 471 (15%) are female. Male-to-male sexual contact (MSM) is the most common means of HIV exposure (66%) reported among men of all races followed by male-to-male sexual contact and injection drug-use (MSM+IDU) at 15%. The racial breakdown of men living with HIV shows 68% are White (non-Hispanic), 21% are Hispanic, 7% are Black, 2% are Asian, 1% are American Indian/Alaskan Native, and 2% are of multiple races or unknown. Heterosexual contact is the most common means of HIV exposure (49%) reported among women followed by injection drug use (IDU) at 21%. The racial breakdown of women living with HIV shows 47% are White (non-Hispanic), 26% are Black, 20% are Hispanic, 4% are Asian, 1% are American Indian/Alaskan Native, and 2% are of multiple races or unknown.

What Is Being Done?

Community-based prevention efforts include: * HIV testing as a part of routine medical care * Targeting high-risk populations to get tested * Encouraging safer sexual practices * Encouraging drug users to get treatment and increase harm reduction practices * Encouraging pregnant women or women considering pregnancy to be tested for HIV

Available Services

Bureau of Epidemiology: Prevention, Treatment & Care Program Program - counseling and testing, drug assistance, health insurance, and supportive services 288 North 1460 West, SLC, UT 84114-2104[[br]] Phone: (801) 538-6191[[br]] Fax: (801) 538-9913[[br]] [http://www.health.utah.gov/epi]


Related Indicators

Relevant Population Characteristics

The majority of HIV-positive individuals known to be living in Utah as of December 31, 2016 are male and between 50-59 years of age. Male-to-male sexual contact (MSM) is the most common means of HIV exposure among males, while heterosexual contact is the most common means of exposure among females. When looking at race/ethnicity of the HIV-positive population in Utah, the male population is predominately White non-Hispanic (68%), followed by Hispanic (20%) and Black (7%). The female HIV-positive population in Utah is more diverse, with 47% White non-Hispanic, 26% Black, and 20% Hispanic.

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicators:


Health Care System Factors

AIDS-related deaths have been decreasing, primarily because of improved efficacy of combination antiretroviral therapies. This trend has led to an increased number of people living with HIV disease in Utah, thus impacting the health care systems and increasing the need for HIV/AIDS Prevention and HIV/AIDS Treatment and Care programs.

Related Health Care System Factors Indicators:


Related Risk Factors Indicators:


Related Health Status Outcomes Indicators:




Graphical Data Views

HIV/AIDS New Diagnoses by Year, Utah, 2008-2017

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confidence limits

This chart displays the number of new HIV diagnoses per 100,000 residents in Utah compared to the United States for the years 2008 - 2017. Note that national data for the year 2017 is not yet available.
Utah vs. U.S.YearCases per 100,000 in the PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 19
Utah20085.04.25.91322,663,029
Utah20094.73.95.61282,723,421
Utah20103.22.64.0892,775,260
Utah20113.83.14.61072,815,430
Utah20124.23.55.11212,854,222
Utah20133.83.24.61112,899,961
Utah20144.03.34.81182,938,671
Utah20154.13.44.91222,984,917
Utah20164.53.85.41383,044,321
Utah20173.83.14.51173,101,833
U.S.200816.2
U.S.200915.3
U.S.201014.2
U.S.201113.5
U.S.201213.1
U.S.201312.5
U.S.201412.6
U.S.201512.4
U.S.201612.3

Data Sources

  • U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, on-line data - CDC WONDER
  • HIV/AIDS Surveillance Program, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2017
  • Utah Department of Health, Bureau of Epidemiology


Number of People Living With HIV/AIDS by Local Health District, Utah, 2016

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confidence limits

People living with HIV in Utah in 2016 primarily lived along the Wasatch Front (Weber, Davis, Salt Lake, & Utah counties). All Local Health Districts continue to be affected by the epidemic.
Local Health DistrictNumber of Cases per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 14
Bear River41.032.151.573178,211
Central43.330.060.53478,548
Davis County59.051.267.7202342,281
Salt Lake County193.8185.7202.12,1731,121,354
San Juan29.69.669.1516,895
Southeast57.236.385.92340,194
Southwest55.546.266.0127228,965
Summit64.542.194.52640,307
Tooele49.433.869.73264,833
TriCounty43.228.063.82557,805
Utah County35.130.540.2208592,299
Wasatch32.815.760.21030,528
Weber-Morgan66.857.277.5173258,997
State of Utah103.9100.3107.53,1693,051,217

Data Sources

  • HIV/AIDS Surveillance Program, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2016
  • Utah Department of Health, Bureau of Epidemiology


People Living With HIV Infection by Sex and Age Group, Utah, Through December 31, 2016

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confidence limits

Males vs. FemalesAge GroupNumber of Cases per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 14
Male0-128.45.612.029345,658
Male13-196.93.612.112172,847
Male20-2979.168.491.1195246,378
Male30-39217.9199.1238.0493226,274
Male40-49388.8360.3418.9689177,214
Male50-59536.3500.1574.5812151,403
Male60+197.6179.3217.2427216,120
Female0-122.71.35.29327,395
Female13-194.21.78.77166,175
Female20-298.55.213.220234,437
Female30-3948.639.858.7107220,167
Female40-4989.075.4104.3152170,765
Female50-5973.961.088.8114154,178
Female60+25.619.632.862242,206

Data Sources

  • HIV/AIDS Surveillance Program, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2016
  • Utah Department of Health, Bureau of Epidemiology


Percentage Distribution of Persons Living With HIV/AIDS by Race/Ethnicity and Sex, Utah, 2016

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confidence limits

Males vs. FemalesRace/EthnicityNumber of Cases per 100,000 PopulationLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 14
MaleAmerican Indian/Native Alaskan175.0114.3256.52614,854
MaleAsian132.897.2177.24634,634
MaleBlack960.6825.01,112.017918,635
MaleHispanic254.5233.6276.7548215,342
MalePacific Islander13.21.647.6215,178
MaleWhite149.0142.2156.01,7971,206,374
MaleOther139.3100.8187.64330,877
FemaleAmerican Indian/Native Alaskan19.54.057.1315,366
FemaleAsian46.627.673.71838,606
FemaleBlack905.8754.01,079.212513,800
FemaleHispanic45.837.056.194205,098
FemalePacific Islander14.41.752.0213,892
FemaleWhite18.215.920.82181,198,428
FemaleOther26.511.552.3830,133

Data Notes

Persons identified as being of Hispanic ethnicity, regardless of race, are included in the Hispanic category only; all other races are reported as non-Hispanic.

Data Sources

  • HIV/AIDS Surveillance Program, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin for Counties in Utah, U.S. Bureau of the Census, IBIS Version 2016
  • Utah Department of Health, Bureau of Epidemiology

References and Community Resources

Bureau of Epidemiology - HIV/AIDS[[br]] [http://health.utah.gov/epi/diseases/hivaids/][[br]] [[br]] National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention[[br]] [http://www.cdc.gov/nchhstp/][[br]] [[br]] AIDSinfo - Information on AIDS Treatment, Prevention and Research[[br]] [http://www.aidsinfo.nih.gov][[br]] [[br]] Find HIV Testing Locations Near You[[br]] [https://gettested.cdc.gov/][[br]] [[br]] amfAR - The Foundation for AIDS Research[[br]] [http://www.amfar.org][[br]] [[br]] The Complete HIV/AIDS Resource - TheBody.com[[br]] [http://www.thebody.com][[br]] [[br]] Planned Parenthood[[br]] [http://www.plannedparenthood.org][[br]] [[br]] Utah AIDS Foundation[[br]] [http://www.utahaids.org]

More Resources and Links

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

For an on-line medical dictionary, click on this Dictionary link.

Page Content Updated On 10/04/2018, Published on 10/23/2018
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's Center for Health Data IBIS-PH web site (http://ibis.health.state.gov). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Tue, 11 December 2018 3:14:35 from Department of Health, Center for Health Data, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.gov ".

Content updated: Tue, 23 Oct 2018 16:10:20 MDT