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Complete Health Indicator Report of General Fertility Rate

Definition

Number of live births per 1,000 women aged 15-44 years.

Numerator

Number of live births.

Denominator

Total number of women aged 15-44 years in the population.

Data Interpretation Issues

The age range can be slightly different, so it is important to note what age range is being used especially if comparison with other rates is contemplated.

Why Is This Important?

The general fertility rate is a more precise measure of tracking birth rate patterns among Utah and U.S. women than is the crude birth rate. While the crude birth rate and the general fertility rate both look at the total number of live births among the population, the crude birth rate is calculated using the total population including the young, old, male, and female. The general fertility rate is calculated using only females of reproductive age - defined as ages 15 through 44 years - residing in Utah during a specified time period. This results in a more sensitive indicator with which to study population growth and change.

How Are We Doing?

Utah's general fertility rate has decreased from a high of 95.6 live births per 1,000 women aged 15 through 44 years of age in 2007 to 78.0 in 2015.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

The U.S. preliminary general fertility rate was 62.5 births per 1,000 women aged 15-44, down less than 1% from 2014 (62.9). In 2015, Utah's general fertility rate of 78.0 was higher than the U.S. general fertility rate. Utah has had the highest general fertility rate in the U.S. during the ten-year period of 2005 through 2015.

What Is Being Done?

Addressing the overall high fertility rate is outside of the public health domain as this is a cultural indicator. However, family planning services are available in Utah from several sources: community and private providers, Title X clinics (Planned Parenthood Association of Utah), and many city and county health departments. Utah law requires parental consent for unmarried minors to obtain contraception information and services from local health departments in Utah.

Available Services

Access to family planning services are available in Utah from several sources: community health centers and private providers, Title X clinics (Planned Parenthood Association of Utah), and many city and county health departments. Utah law requires parental consent for unmarried minors to obtain contraception information and services from local health departments in Utah.


Related Indicators

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicators:


Health Care System Factors

Access to family planning services are available in Utah from several sources: community health centers and private providers, Title X clinics (Planned Parenthood Association of Utah), and city and county health departments. Utah law requires parental consent for minors to obtain contraception information and services from local health departments in Utah.

Related Health Care System Factors Indicators:


Health Status Outcomes

Interpregnancy spacing, the timing between a live birth and the next pregnancy, can have a risk of pregnancy complications, such as preterm birth, low birthweight, and small for gestational age. Research has shown that short intervals (less than 18 months) and long intervals (60+ months) were associated with higher risks of negative health outcomes for mother and baby. A report released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, based on 2011 birth certificates in 36 states, including Utah, and the District of Columbia, representing about 83% of births, found that 29.6% of women had shorter than recommended interpregnancy intervals.^1^ About 27% of Utah moms do not wait the recommended 18 months to become pregnant again. [[br]][[br]] ---- # Copen CE, Thoma ME, Kirmeyer S. Interpregnancy intervals in the United States: Data from the birth certificate and the National Survey of Family Growth. National vital statistics reports; vol 64 no 3. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2015. Accessed at [http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr64/nvsr64_03.pdf] on 11/13/2015.[[br]]



Graphical Data Views

General Fertility Rates, Utah vs. U.S., 2005-2015

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confidence limits

Utah vs. U.S.YearNumber of Live Births per 1,000 Women Ages 15-44Lower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 28
Utah200592.791.993.5
Utah200694.793.995.5
Utah200795.694.896.4
Utah200894.894.095.5
Utah200990.489.691.1
Utah201086.485.687.1
Utah201183.582.984.4
Utah201282.982.383.8
Utah201380.780.181.6
Utah201480.079.380.7
Utah201578.077.378.6
U.S.200566.7
U.S.200668.6
U.S.200769.3
U.S.200868.1
U.S.200966.2
U.S.201064.1
U.S.201163.2
U.S.201263.0
U.S.201362.5
U.S.201462.9
U.S.201562.5

Data Sources

  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2015
  • Utah Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • National Vital Statistics System, National Center for Health Statistics, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


Fertility Rates by Age, Utah, 2015

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confidence limits

Age GroupFertility Rate per 1,000 Women in the Same Age GroupLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 6
15-1917.616.818.4
20-2486.484.788.0
25-29162.2159.8164.6
30-34124.0121.9126.1
35-3955.654.257.0
40-4411.310.612.0

Data Notes

Data are based on the number of live births per 1,000 women in the same age group.

Data Sources

  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2015
  • Utah Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health


General Fertility Rates by Utah Small Area, 2015

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confidence limits

Utah Small AreasNumber of Live Births per 1,000 Women Ages 15-44Lower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 64
Brigham City87.579.296.3
Box Elder Co (Other)87.579.895.7
Logan76.272.580.0
Cache Co (Oth)/Rich Co (All)88.982.895.3
Ben Lomond76.071.380.9
Morgan Co (All)/Weber Co (E)76.170.582.2
Ogden (Downtown)82.075.988.5
South Ogden73.467.679.5
Roy/Hooper76.871.582.5
Riverdale75.768.683.3
Clearfield/Hill AFB82.077.786.6
Layton82.378.186.7
Syracuse/Kaysville74.169.678.9
Farmington/Centerville79.072.885.5
Woods Cross/North Salt Lake98.791.7106.1
Bountiful87.281.293.5
SLC (Rose Park)78.071.984.5
SLC (Avenues)38.833.944.3
SLC (Foothill/U of U)59.753.466.6
Magna76.770.083.9
SLC (Glendale)74.368.081.0
West Valley (West)74.270.478.3
West Valley (East) V282.076.887.4
SLC (Downtown)42.038.645.7
South Salt Lake72.165.679.0
Millcreek73.168.578.0
Holladay68.263.073.7
Cottonwood62.056.667.7
Kearns V282.977.289.0
Taylorsville (E)/Murray (W)79.072.985.3
Taylorsville (West)70.564.976.3
Murray71.766.077.9
Midvale109.2101.5117.4
West Jordan (NE) V276.670.283.4
West Jordan (SE)67.662.273.3
West Jordan (W)/Copperton65.861.270.7
South Jordan79.174.484.0
Sandy (Center)69.264.674.0
Sandy (NE)57.450.664.9
Sandy (SE)55.249.161.9
Riverton/Draper75.372.278.6
Tooele Co70.365.874.9
Lehi/Cedar Valley117.9113.7122.1
American Fork/Alpine71.566.876.6
Pleasant Grove/Lindon82.277.387.4
Orem (North)102.996.2109.9
Orem (West)87.081.093.3
Orem (East)79.571.887.9
Provo (North)/BYU46.142.949.5
Provo (South)73.469.977.1
Springville/Spanish Fork90.586.494.8
Utah Co (South)92.285.899.1
Summit Co59.454.065.3
Wasatch Co74.867.982.2
TriCounty LHD92.987.598.6
Juab/Millard/Sanpete Co78.272.883.8
Sevier/Piute/Wayne Co79.271.287.8
Carbon/Emery Co74.867.982.2
Grand/San Juan Co81.273.389.6
St George77.072.781.4
Washington Co (Other)72.067.476.7
Cedar City79.173.884.7
Southwest LHD (Other)80.471.789.8
State78.077.378.6

Data Notes

A description of the Utah Small Areas may be found on IBIS at the following URL: [http://ibis.health.utah.gov/resource/Help.html].

Data Sources

  • Population estimates produced by the UDOH Center for Health Data and Informatics. Linear interpolation of U.S. Census Bureau and ESRI ZIP Code data provided annual population estimates for ZIP Code areas by sex and age groups, IBIS Version 2015
  • Utah Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health


General Fertility Rates by Local Health District, Utah, 2015

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Local Health DistrictNumber of Live Births per 1,000 Women Ages 15-44Lower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 14
Bear River82.179.385.0
Central77.973.482.5
Davis County82.780.684.9
Salt Lake County71.370.372.4
San Juan81.271.492.0
Southeast77.170.983.6
Southwest78.375.781.0
Summit60.454.866.4
Tooele70.065.574.6
TriCounty91.686.297.1
Utah County86.985.388.4
Wasatch74.767.882.1
Weber-Morgan77.174.779.5
State of Utah78.077.378.6

Data Sources

  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2015
  • Utah Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health

References and Community Resources

National Vital Statistics Reports. ''Births: Preliminary Data for 2015.'' Accessed at: [http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr65/nvsr65_03.pdf] on 11/15/2016.

More Resources and Links

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

For an on-line medical dictionary, click on this Dictionary link.

Page Content Updated On 02/13/2017, Published on 02/24/2017
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's Center for Health Data IBIS-PH web site (http://ibis.health.state.gov). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Thu, 14 December 2017 3:12:49 from Department of Health, Center for Health Data, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.gov ".

Content updated: Fri, 26 May 2017 10:19:45 MDT