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Complete Health Indicator Report of Drinking Water: Arsenic

Definition

__Mean Arsenic Levels for Utah__[[br]] 1) Yearly distribution of number of community water systems (CWS) by mean arsenic concentration (cut-points: 0-5, >5-10, >10-20, >20-30, >30 ug/L arsenic) 2) Yearly distribution of number of people served by CWS by mean arsenic concentration (cut-points: 0-5, >5-10, >10-20, >20-30, >30 ug/L arsenic) __Maximum Arsenic Levels for Utah__[[br]] 3) Yearly distribution of number of CWS by maximum arsenic concentration (cut-points: 0-5, >5-10, >10-20, >20-30, >30 ug/L arsenic) 4) Yearly distribution of number of people served by CWS by maximum arsenic concentration (cut-points: 0-5, >5-10, >10-20, >20-30, >30 ug/L arsenic)

Numerator

1) Count of community water systems categorized by mean arsenic concentration for each year reported 2) Number of people served by community water systems categorized by mean arsenic concentration for each year reported 3) Count of community water systems categorized by maximum arsenic concentration for each year reported 4) Number of people served by community water systems categorized by maximum arsenic concentration for each year reported

Denominator

Not applicable.

Data Interpretation Issues

Some community water systems with higher average arsenic levels are due to higher levels in earlier years before the arsenic standard was changed. Some of these arsenic levels have since been lowered. Data reported to other sources, such as the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, may differ slightly. This data does not include information about private water sources such as well water or tribal water systems. These calculations include all available data which varies by year and water system. Population data for each community water system are estimated based on number of connections. Inconsistent outliers and other data errors were not included in calculations in order to provide a more accurate representation of water quality. A community water system is a public water system that serves at least 15 service connections used by year-round residents or regularly serves at least 25 year-round residents. Measures do not account for the variability in sampling, numbers of sampling repeats, and variability within systems. Concentrations in drinking water cannot be directly converted to exposure because water consumption varies by climate, level of physical activity, and between people (EPA 2004). Due to errors in estimating populations, the measures may overestimate or underestimate the number of affected people. (From National Environmental Public Heath Tracking Network [NEPTHN] Nationally Consistent Data and Measures [NCDM] arsenic indicator document version 5)

Why Is This Important?

People drink and use water every day. The majority of Americans are provided with high quality drinking water. About 90% of people in the U.S. get their water from a community water system versus a smaller water supply, such as a household well. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) sets regulations for treating and monitoring drinking water delivered by community water systems. Currently, there are water quality standards and monitoring requirements for over 90 contaminants. Drinking water protection programs play a critical role in ensuring high quality drinking water and protecting the public's health. Because people drink and use water every day, contaminants in drinking water have the potential to affect many people. The number of people served by a community water system varies from as low as 25 to hundreds of thousands. Community water systems in the U.S. provide among the highest quality drinking water in the world. However, some contaminants are present at low levels and it is still possible that drinking water can become contaminated at higher levels. If a person is exposed to a high enough level of a contaminant, they may become ill. Arsenic is a toxic chemical element that is naturally found in the Earth's crust such as soil, rocks, and minerals. There is a wide variation in the levels of arsenic found in drinking water systems and private water supplies across the nation. The majority of health risks of arsenic exposure over time are long-term, although some short-term exposures at high doses can also cause adverse health effects. People who drink water containing arsenic in excess of regulatory standards over many years can experience a variety of health problems that include thickening and discoloration of the skin; stomach pain; nausea; vomiting; diarrhea; liver problems; cardiovascular, pulmonary, immunological, neurological, reproductive, and endocrine problems; and cancer of the bladder, skin, kidney, liver, and lung. Before 2006, community water systems were not supposed to exceed 50 micrograms of arsenic per liter. In 2006, this standard changed and currently community water systems are not supposed to exceed 10 micrograms of arsenic per liter in order to reduce adverse health effects from arsenic exposures. Arsenic compounds (As [III] and As [V]) are found in both ground water and surface waters. The primary sources are geologic formations where arsenic can be dissolved. Higher levels of arsenic tend to be found in ground water (aquifers) as compared to surface waters, such as lakes and rivers. (Modified from National Environmental Public Heath Tracking Network [NEPTHN] Nationally Consistent Data and Measures [NCDM] arsenic indicator document version 5)


Related Indicators

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicators:




Graphical Data Views

Yearly Distribution of Number of Community Water Systems (CWS) by Mean Arsenic Concentration (ug/L), Utah, 1999-2016

::chart - missing::

Arsenic Concentration (ug/L)YearNumber of CWS
Record Count: 108
0-<519994
0-<5200011
0-<5200111
0-<5200215
0-<5200311
0-<520048
0-<520057
0-<520064
0-<5200711
0-<5200813
0-<520096
0-<5201018
0-<520115
0-<5201257
0-<52013176
0-<5201463
0-<5201556
0-<52016228
5-<1019991
5-<1020000
5-<1020010
5-<1020022
5-<1020031
5-<1020040
5-<1020052
5-<1020060
5-<1020071
5-<1020082
5-<1020092
5-<1020104
5-<1020111
5-<10201222
5-<10201330
5-<10201427
5-<10201526
5-<10201636
10-<2019990
10-<2020000
10-<2020010
10-<2020020
10-<2020030
10-<2020040
10-<2020050
10-<2020062
10-<2020070
10-<2020080
10-<2020090
10-<2020100
10-<2020111
10-<20201212
10-<2020138
10-<2020144
10-<2020154
10-<2020163
20-<3019990
20-<3020000
20-<3020010
20-<3020020
20-<3020030
20-<3020040
20-<3020050
20-<3020060
20-<3020070
20-<3020080
20-<3020090
20-<3020100
20-<3020110
20-<3020121
20-<3020131
20-<3020140
20-<3020151
20-<3020160
30+19990
30+20000
30+20010
30+20020
30+20030
30+20040
30+20050
30+20060
30+20070
30+20080
30+20091
30+20100
30+20111
30+20122
30+20130
30+20140
30+20151
30+20160
Not Detected19997
Not Detected20005
Not Detected20014
Not Detected20028
Not Detected20032
Not Detected20044
Not Detected20055
Not Detected20064
Not Detected20073
Not Detected20083
Not Detected20092
Not Detected20104
Not Detected20113
Not Detected201213
Not Detected201332
Not Detected201413
Not Detected201511
Not Detected201635

Data Source

Utah Department of Environmental Quality, Division of Drinking Water, Safe Drinking Water Information System (SDWIS)


Yearly Distribution of Number of People Served by Community Water Systems (CWS) by Mean Arsenic Concentration (ug/L), Utah, 1999-2016

::chart - missing::

Arsenic Concentration (ug/L)YearNumber of People Served by CWS
Record Count: 108
0-<519993,300
0-<5200037,106
0-<5200124,297
0-<5200231,072
0-<5200341,173
0-<5200441,739
0-<5200569,046
0-<520064,993
0-<5200736,970
0-<5200876,631
0-<5200916,051
0-<5201046,949
0-<5201147,910
0-<52012883,269
0-<520131,545,488
0-<520141,433,055
0-<520151,479,261
0-<520161,889,596
5-<10199930
5-<1020000
5-<1020010
5-<102002780
5-<102003343
5-<1020040
5-<1020051,193
5-<1020060
5-<102007820
5-<102008815
5-<10200974
5-<1020101,115
5-<102011110
5-<102012122,917
5-<102013199,420
5-<102014143,985
5-<102015246,520
5-<102016267,957
10-<2019990
10-<2020000
10-<2020010
10-<2020020
10-<2020030
10-<2020040
10-<2020050
10-<2020061,398
10-<2020070
10-<2020080
10-<2020090
10-<2020100
10-<202011500
10-<202012109,028
10-<2020135,270
10-<2020146,776
10-<20201580,750
10-<202016344
20-<3019990
20-<3020000
20-<3020010
20-<3020020
20-<3020030
20-<3020040
20-<3020050
20-<3020060
20-<3020070
20-<3020080
20-<3020090
20-<3020100
20-<3020110
20-<302012319
20-<30201332
20-<3020140
20-<302015120
20-<3020160
30+19990
30+20000
30+20010
30+20020
30+20030
30+20040
30+20050
30+20060
30+20070
30+20080
30+2009500
30+20100
30+20111,128
30+20122,840
30+20130
30+20140
30+2015675
30+20160
Not Detected199925,945
Not Detected20008,435
Not Detected200124,452
Not Detected200262,020
Not Detected20033,824
Not Detected20048,230
Not Detected200514,145
Not Detected200610,738
Not Detected200756,153
Not Detected20087,260
Not Detected20092,676
Not Detected20106,320
Not Detected20115,100
Not Detected2012149,426
Not Detected2013217,840
Not Detected201443,281
Not Detected2015155,016
Not Detected2016296,747

Data Source

Utah Department of Environmental Quality, Division of Drinking Water, Safe Drinking Water Information System (SDWIS)


Yearly Distribution of Number of Community Water Systems (CWS) by Maximum Arsenic Concentration (ug/L), Utah, 1999-2016

::chart - missing::

Arsenic Concentration (ug/L)YearNumber of CWS
Record Count: 108
0-<519994
0-<5200011
0-<5200111
0-<5200213
0-<5200311
0-<520048
0-<520057
0-<520064
0-<5200711
0-<5200813
0-<520096
0-<5201018
0-<520115
0-<5201255
0-<52013165
0-<5201458
0-<5201548
0-<52016218
5-<1019991
5-<1020000
5-<1020010
5-<1020024
5-<1020031
5-<1020040
5-<1020050
5-<1020060
5-<1020071
5-<1020081
5-<1020092
5-<1020104
5-<1020111
5-<10201210
5-<10201328
5-<10201418
5-<10201522
5-<10201631
10-<2019990
10-<2020000
10-<2020010
10-<2020020
10-<2020030
10-<2020040
10-<2020052
10-<2020062
10-<2020070
10-<2020081
10-<2020090
10-<2020100
10-<2020110
10-<20201218
10-<20201316
10-<20201412
10-<20201511
10-<20201613
20-<3019990
20-<3020000
20-<3020010
20-<3020020
20-<3020030
20-<3020040
20-<3020050
20-<3020060
20-<3020070
20-<3020080
20-<3020090
20-<3020100
20-<3020110
20-<3020128
20-<3020134
20-<3020145
20-<3020155
20-<3020162
30+19990
30+20000
30+20010
30+20020
30+20030
30+20040
30+20050
30+20060
30+20070
30+20080
30+20091
30+20100
30+20112
30+20123
30+20132
30+20141
30+20152
30+20163
Not Detected19997
Not Detected20005
Not Detected20014
Not Detected20028
Not Detected20032
Not Detected20044
Not Detected20055
Not Detected20064
Not Detected20073
Not Detected20083
Not Detected20092
Not Detected20104
Not Detected20113
Not Detected201213
Not Detected201332
Not Detected201413
Not Detected201511
Not Detected201635

Data Source

Utah Department of Environmental Quality, Division of Drinking Water, Safe Drinking Water Information System (SDWIS)


Yearly Distribution of Number of People Served by Community Water Systems (CWS) by Maximum Arsenic Concentration (ug/L), Utah, 1999-2016

::chart - missing::

Arsenic Concentration (ug/L)YearNumber of People Served by CWS
Record Count: 108
0-<519993,300
0-<5200037,106
0-<5200124,297
0-<5200230,407
0-<5200341,173
0-<5200441,739
0-<5200569,046
0-<520064,993
0-<5200736,970
0-<5200876,631
0-<5200916,051
0-<5201046,949
0-<5201147,910
0-<52012812,594
0-<520131,385,254
0-<520141,199,629
0-<520151,226,310
0-<520161,780,762
5-<10199930
5-<1020000
5-<1020010
5-<1020021,445
5-<102003343
5-<1020040
5-<1020050
5-<1020060
5-<102007820
5-<102008750
5-<10200974
5-<1020101,115
5-<102011110
5-<10201277,508
5-<102013300,718
5-<102014319,762
5-<102015372,295
5-<102016224,683
10-<2019990
10-<2020000
10-<2020010
10-<2020020
10-<2020030
10-<2020040
10-<2020051,193
10-<2020061,398
10-<2020070
10-<20200865
10-<2020090
10-<2020100
10-<2020110
10-<202012205,440
10-<20201345,811
10-<20201428,583
10-<202015123,436
10-<20201671,793
20-<3019990
20-<3020000
20-<3020010
20-<3020020
20-<3020030
20-<3020040
20-<3020050
20-<3020060
20-<3020070
20-<3020080
20-<3020090
20-<3020100
20-<3020110
20-<3020120
20-<30201319,761
20-<30201435,722
20-<30201584,490
20-<302016475
30+19990
30+20000
30+20010
30+20020
30+20030
30+20040
30+20050
30+20060
30+20070
30+20080
30+2009500
30+20100
30+20111,628
30+20123,070
30+2013425
30+2014120
30+2015795
30+201680,184
Not Detected199925,945
Not Detected20008,435
Not Detected200124,452
Not Detected200262,020
Not Detected20033,824
Not Detected20048,230
Not Detected200514,145
Not Detected200610,738
Not Detected200756,153
Not Detected20087,260
Not Detected20092,676
Not Detected20106,320
Not Detected20115,100
Not Detected2012149,426
Not Detected2013217,840
Not Detected201443,281
Not Detected2015155,016
Not Detected2016296,747

Data Source

Utah Department of Environmental Quality, Division of Drinking Water, Safe Drinking Water Information System (SDWIS)

References and Community Resources

Utah Department of Environmental Quality[[br]] [http://www.drinkingwater.utah.gov] U.S. Environmental Protection Agency[[br]] [http://water.epa.gov/drink] Utah Environmental Public Health Tracking Program[[br]] [http://epht.health.utah.gov/epht-view/topic/DrinkingWater.html] National Environmental Public Health Tracking Program[[br]] [http://www.cdc.gov/ephtracking] Citations:[[br]] U.S. EPA 2004. Estimated per Capita Water Ingestion and Body Weight in the United States: an Update. EPA-822-R-00-001. October 2004. Available at [http://epa.gov/waterscience/criteria/drinking/percapita/2004.pdf].

More Resources and Links

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

For an on-line medical dictionary, click on this Dictionary link.

Page Content Updated On 03/01/2018, Published on 06/01/2018
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's Center for Health Data IBIS-PH web site (http://ibis.health.state.gov). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Tue, 13 November 2018 18:20:26 from Department of Health, Center for Health Data, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.gov ".

Content updated: Fri, 1 Jun 2018 12:24:22 MDT