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Complete Indicator Report of Domestic Violence Fatalities

Definition

Domestic violence-related fatalities are reported as the number of resident deaths 18 years and older resulting from a domestic dispute per 100,000 population.

Numerator

Number of deaths resulting from a domestic violence-related incident among Utahns 18 years and older.

Denominator

Total number of persons 18 years and older in the population of Utah.

Data Interpretation Issues

The data included in this indicator include a broader definition of domestic violence that encompasses all situations involving not only family members, current or former spouses, and live-in partners, but also current or former dating couples and others who intervened (intentionally or unintentionally) in these violent relationships.

Why Is This Important?

Domestic violence is a preventable public health problem that encompasses many forms of abuse. It exists along a continuum from a single episode of violence that could be physical, sexual, or emotional to ongoing battering to death such as homicide or suicide.

There are nearly 7.7 million injuries and 1,200 deaths nationwide every year due to intimate partner violence, a type of domestic violence which only includes abuse that occurs between current and former spouses and dating partners.

Domestic violence is often overlooked and underestimated. The gaps that exist and impede the prevention of domestic violence fall with the scope and services of public health. It is an issue that affects individuals, families, and communities. It has a negative effect on health throughout life and more resources are needed to prevent further occurrences of domestic violence in Utah.

Healthy People Objective IVP-39:

(Developmental) Reduce violence by current or former intimate partners
U.S. Target: Not applicable, see subobjectives in this category

How Are We Doing?

The 2003 to 2008 Utah domestic violence fatality rate was 0.8 per 100,000 population 18 years and older.

-One out of three adult homicides are domestic violence-related and approximately 12.0% of suicides are domestic violence-related.

-There is approximately one domestic violence-related homicide and three domestic violence-related suicides each month in Utah.

-Females are 10 times more likely than males to die from domestic violence-related homicides while more males than females commit suicide related to domestic violence.

-The majority of domestic violence fatalities involved a firearm.

Domestic violence-related deaths are only the tip of the iceberg. The 2008 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System showed that 14.2% of females reported experiencing intimate partner violence in their lifetime. Females 45-54 years of age (19.2%) and 55-64 years of age (22.2%) had a statistically higher reported lifetime prevalence of intimate partner violence compared to the overall prevalence.

Of the females who reported intimate partner violence, 7.8% indicated that they experienced abuse in the past 12 months.

The 2009 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System reports that 10.9% of Utah's high school students have experienced dating violence.

There are 15 shelters that provide domestic violence-related services in Utah. From July 2009 to June 2010, the Division of Child and Family Services (DCFS) reported that 2,965 men, women, and children stayed in domestic violence shelters throughout the state. In addition, there were 4,619 domestic violence-related child abuse referrals in Utah.

In 2010, adverse childhood experience (ACE) questions were included in the Utah Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). ACEs include verbal, physical, or sexual abuse, as well as family dysfunction. ACEs have been linked to adverse health outcomes. Among the ACE questions that were asked, the most prevalent was emotional abuse at 37.9%. The prevalence of physical abuse was 17.1% and witnessing domestic violence as a child was 12.4%.

How Do We Compare With U.S.?

Statistics on domestic violence vary because of differences in how it is defined and how data is collected, therefore it is difficult to compare Utah to other states as well as the U.S. as a whole.

What Is Being Done?

The Utah Domestic Violence Fatality Review Committee, established by the Utah Department of Health Violence and Injury Prevention Program (VIPP), meets regularly to review all adult domestic violence-related fatalities. This process aids in the development of protocols to improve agency response and/or interventions for victims and perpetrators. In addition, the committee works together to establish a unified multi-agency approach to domestic violence in order to reduce the rate of domestic violence-related deaths in Utah. The committee has published three reports, Intimate Partner Homicide in Utah, 1994-1999; Domestic Violence Fatalities in Utah, 2000-2002; and Domestic Violence Fatalities in Utah, 2003-2008, which include statistics, agency recommendations, and available resources for victims of domestic and intimate partner violence. Other recent reports include the Emergency Department Staff Survey on Intimate Partner Violence, 2009 and Clinical Guidelines for Assessment and Referral for Victims of Domestic Violence, A Reference for Utah Health Care Providers, 2008. VIPP has also released a 2008 Intimate Partner Violence in Utah fact sheet.

These are available at http://health.utah.gov/vipp/domesticViolence/DVData.htm.

Available Services

Statewide 24-Hour Crisis and Information Lines:

Domestic Violence Link Line
1-800-897-LINK

Rape Crisis & Information Line
1-888-421-1100


Domestic Violence Shelters in Utah:

Box Elder, Cache, Rich Counties:

CAPSA
435-753-2500 (business)

YCU Box Elder
435-723-5600 (business)


Davis, Weber, Morgan Counties:

Safe Harbor
801-444-9161 (crisis)
801-444-3191 (business)

YCC, Ogden
801-392-7273 (crisis)
801-394-9456 (business)


Salt Lake, Summit, Tooele Counties:

Pathways Tooele
800-833-5515 (crisis)
435-847-1645 (business)

Peace House
435-647-9161 (business)

South Valley Sanctuary
801-255-1095 (business)

YWCA
801-537-8600 (business)


Juab, Millard, Utah, Wasatch Counties:

Center for Women and Children in Crisis
801-374-9351 (business)
801-377-5500 (crisis)

Peace House
435-658-4739 (business)
435-647-9161 (crisis)


Beaver, Iron, Washington Counties:

Canyon Creek Women's Crisis Center
435-867-9411 (business)
435-865-7443 (crisis)

DOVE Center
435-628-0458 (business)


Garfield, Kane, Piute, Sanpete, Sevier, Wayne Counties:

New Horizons Crisis Center
435-896-9294 (business)
800-343-6302 (crisis)


Carbon, Emery, Grand, San Juan Counties:

Collen Quigley Women's Center
435-636-2375 (business)
435-637-6589 (crisis)

Gentle Ironhawk
435-678-2445 (business)

Seekhaven
435-259-2229 (business)
888-421-1100 (crisis)


Daggett, Duchesne, Uintah Counties:

Women's Crisis Shelter
435-781-4250 (business)
435-790-4607 (crisis)

Other Program Information

The mission of the Violence and Injury Prevention Program (VIPP) is to promote the health of Utah citizens by working to reduce the incidence and severity of injuries and resultant deaths. The goals are to a) focus prevention efforts on reducing intentional and unintentional injury, b) conduct education aimed at increasing awareness and changing behaviors that contribute to the occurrence of injury, c) strengthen local health department capacity to conduct local injury prevention programs, d) promote legislation, policy changes, and enforcement that will reduce injury hazards and increase safe behaviors, e) collaborate with private and public partners, and f) improve the Utah Department of Health capacity to collect mortality and morbidity data from multiple sources and conduct injury epidemiology for use in prevention planning, implementation, and evaluation.



Related Indicators

Relevant Population Characteristics

Nationally, intimate partner violence resulted in approximately 2,340 deaths in 2007. Of these deaths, 30% were males and 70% were female. It has been noted that female murder victims are substantially more likely to be killed by an intimate partner than male murder victims.

Department of Health and Human Services, Center for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Intimate Partner Violence Fact Sheet (accessed 11/3/11) http://www.cdc.gov/ViolencePrevention/pdf/IPV_factsheet-a.pdf.

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicators:


Health Care System Factors

Studies have indicated that women who experience domestic violence during pregnancy used health care services more frequently than women who were not abused during pregnancy.

Source: Lutz, K. Abused Preganant Women's Interactions with Health Care Providers During the Child bearing Year. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic and Neonatal Nursing 2005 Mar-Apr: 34(2):151-162.

Related Health Care System Factors Indicators:


Risk Factors

Risk factors for perpetration may include being violent or aggressive in the past, seeing or being a victim of violence as a child, using drugs or alcohol, not having a job, or other life events that cause stress.

Source: Department of Health and Human Services, Center for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Intimate Partner Violence Fact Sheet (accessed 11/3/11) http://www.cdc.gov/ViolencePrevention/pdf/IPV_factsheet-a.pdf.

Related Risk Factors Indicators:


Health Status Outcomes

Intimate partner violence is a common problem in communities and is associated with a variety of harmful health behaviors that may include smoking, drinking, taking drugs, or having risky sex.

Source: Department of Health and Human Services, Center for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Intimate Partner Violence Fact Sheet (accessed 11/3/11) http://www.cdc.gov/ViolencePrevention/pdf/IPV_factsheet-a.pdf.

Related Health Status Outcomes Indicators:




Graphical Data Views

Domestic Violence-related Homicides per 100,000 Population by Year, Aged 18 Years or Older, Utah, 2000-2008

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Year Rate per 100,000 Population 18 Years and Older Lower Limit Upper Limit Numer- ator Denom- inator
Record Count: 9
2000 0.8 0.4 1.4 12 1,525,364
2001 1.6 1.1 2.4 26 1,574,079
2002 0.9 0.5 1.5 15 1,616,122
2003 1.3 0.8 1.9 21 1,658,447
2004 0.9 0.5 1.5 16 1,699,566
2005 1.2 0.7 1.8 21 1,757,616
2006 1.0 0.6 1.6 19 1,806,765
2007 0.8 0.4 1.3 15 1,868,090
2008 0.8 0.4 1.3 15 1,909,664

Data Notes

Data are from the Utah Domestic Violence Fatality Review Committee. The following definition is used in case ascertainment. 1) The underlying cause of death must be coded on the death certificate as a homicide (ICD-10 External Causes of Death Codes X85 to X99, Y00 to Y09, Y87.1). 2) The Domestic Violence Fatality Review Committee classifies the incident as domestic violence through the identification of the relationships between all parties involved. 3) The victim is 18 years of age and older.

Data Sources

Utah Department of Health, Bureau of Health Promotion, Violence and Injury Prevention Program. Population Estimates: Utah Governor's Office of Planning and Budget.



Percentage of Students Who Were Hit, Slapped, or Physically Hurt on Purpose by Their Boyfriend or Girlfriend in the Past Year, Grades 9-12, Utah and U.S, 1999-2011

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Geog: Utah vs. U.S. Year Percentage of High School Students Lower Limit Upper Limit
Record Count: 13
Utah 1999 11.4% 10.2% 12.8%
Utah 2001 9.5% 7.9% 11.3%
Utah 2003 7.9% 5.6% 11.0%
Utah 2005 9.7% 7.6% 12.3%
Utah 2007 12.6% 10.5% 15.1%
Utah 2009 10.9% 9.0% 13.3%
Utah 2011 11.8% 9.7% 14.3%
U.S. 1999 8.8% 7.4% 10.5%
U.S. 2001 9.5% 8.8% 10.2%
U.S. 2003 8.9% 7.9% 9.9%
U.S. 2005 9.2% 8.5% 9.8%
U.S. 2007 9.9% 8.9% 11.1%
U.S. 2009 9.8% 8.9% 10.8%

Data Sources

Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion.



Domestic Violence-related Homicides per 100,000 Population by Sex, Aged 18 Years and Older, Utah, 2003-2008

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Sex Rate per 100,000 Population 18 Years and Older Lower Limit Upper Limit Numer- ator Denom- inator
Record Count: 2
Male 0.6 0.4 0.8 35 5,322,161
Female 1.0 0.7 1.3 52 5,377,987

Data Notes

Data are from the Utah Domestic Violence Fatality Review Committee. The following definition is used in case ascertainment. 1) The underlying cause of death must be coded on the death certificate as a homicide (ICD-10 External Causes of Death Codes X85 to X99, Y00 to Y09, Y87.1). 2) The Domestic Violence Fatality Review Committee classifies the incident as domestic violence through the identification of the relationships between all parties involved. 3) The victim is 18 years of age and older.

Data Sources

Utah Department of Health, Bureau of Health Promotion, Violence and Injury Prevention Program. Population Estimates: Utah Governor's Office of Planning and Budget.


References and Community Resources

Domestic violence resources and information can be found on the following websites:

Violence and Injury Prevention Program, Utah Department of Health
www.health.utah.gov/vipp

Utah Domestic Violence Council
http://www.udvac.org/resourcesandpublicaitons.htm

National Coalition Against Domestic Violence
www.ncadv.org

National Domestic Violence Hotline
www.ndvh.org

Futures Without Violence
http://www.futureswithoutviolence.org/

More Resources and Links

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

For an on-line medical dictionary, click on this Dictionary link.

Page Content Updated On 11/03/2011, Published on 12/12/2011
The information provided above is from the Utah Department of Health's Center for Health Data IBIS-PH web site (http://ibis.health.utah.gov). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Wed, 26 November 2014 7:52:01 from Utah Department of Health, Center for Health Data, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.utah.gov".

Content updated: Tue, 19 Nov 2013 23:09:26 MST