Complete Health Indicator Report of Dental Caries Experience: Children Aged 6-9
DefinitionPercentage of 6- to 9-year-old children who have dental caries experience (treated or untreated).
NumeratorNumber of 6 to 9-year-old children who participated in the school dental health survey who had dental caries experience (treated or untreated).
DenominatorNumber of 6 to 9-year-old children who participated in the school dental health survey.
Why Is This Important?The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [http://www.cdc.gov/healthywater/hygiene/disease/dental_caries.html (CDC)] says that dental caries (tooth decay) is '''''largely preventable''''', but it remains the '''''most common chronic disease of children''''' aged 6 to 11 years (25%), and adolescents aged 12 to 19 years (59%). '''''Tooth decay is four times more common than asthma''''' among adolescents aged 14 to 17 years (15%). It is also one of the most preventable diseases. Oral health affects a person's overall general health.
Healthy People Objective OH-1.2:Reduce the proportion of children aged 6 to 9 years with dental caries experience in their primary and permanent teeth
U.S. Target: 49.0 percent
How Are We Doing?By first grade most children have already experienced dental disease, and by second grade one fifth have obvious untreated decay. In a recent survey of parents of first through forth grade children, one in five (18%) did not have insurance that pays for dental care.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?Utah continues to lag behind the U.S. in the percentage of caries-free children. Utah children have more cavities in part because of the lack of fluoridation in Utah's community water systems. In 2014 Utah was 52% fluoridated; while the U.S. in 2014 had 74.4% of the community water systems fluoridated. This is however an improvement, since in 2000 Utah was less than 2% fluoridated.
What Is Being Done?Community water fluoridation has been implemented in Salt Lake and Davis counties. It is also being implemented in Brigham City and Helper communities.
Available ServicesAs of September 2017, Medicaid includes basic dental care for children, pregnant women, and disabled adults. There is only emergency coverage for all other adults. For information call 801-538-6155, or 1-800-662-9651 or visit [https://medicaid.utah.gov/]. CHIP includes preventive and restorative services for children. For more information call 1-877-KIDS-NOW or visit [http://health.utah.gov/chip/]. There are a few dental clinics that provide services on a sliding fee scale or at a reduced rate. For more information on these clinics, contact your local health department or the State Oral Health Program at (801) 273-2995, or visit the [http://health.utah.gov/oralhealth/dentist.php Oral Health Program - Find a Dentist] website. Dental Hygiene Schools throughout the state of Utah offer preventive services including sealants and fluoride treatments. Dental Schools also offer treatment services in addition. Contact the UDOH Oral Health Program at (801) 273-2995, or visit the [http://health.utah.gov/oralhealth Oral Health Program] website for more information. [http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topics-objectives/topic/oral-health Link for Healthy People 2020 for Oral Health]
Relevant Population CharacteristicsDental disease affects children from poor families five times as much as children from higher income families. Minority ethnic populations have a higher incidence of caries experience and untreated caries and a lower rate of sealant placement.
Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicators:
Health Care System FactorsPrivate dental insurance has improved access to dental care for many people. Medicaid and CHIP serve low income children; however, access remains a barrier to treatment. Individuals without dental insurance coverage have more untreated decay and were twice as likely to not be able to access needed dental treatment during the past year.
Related Health Care System Factors Indicators:
Risk FactorsCurrently, only 52% of Utahns are drinking fluoridated water. Other risk factors include eating habits, such as frequent snacking and soft drink consumption, not brushing/flossing regularly, and not visiting the dentist regularly.
Related Risk Factors Indicators:
Health Status OutcomesOral disease has been linked to several other chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Periodontal disease in pregnant women has also been linked to preterm, low birth weight babies.
Related Health Status Outcomes Indicators:
- Blood Cholesterol: Doctor-diagnosed High Cholesterol
- Dental Sealants: Children Age 6-9
- Diabetes Prevalence
- Heart Attack: Hospitalizations
- Heart Disease Deaths
- Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) Deaths
- Blood Pressure: Doctor-diagnosed Hypertension
- Low Birth Weight
- Preterm Birth
- Stroke (Cerebrovascular Disease) Deaths
- Dental Disease: Untreated Decay in Children Aged 6-9
Graphical Data Views
Percentage of Children Who Had Ever Had Dental Caries, Utah Children Aged 6-9, 2000-2015
|Year||Percentage of Children Aged 6-9||Lower Limit||Upper Limit|
Record Count: 4
Data NotesNext survey planned for 2020. ''2000 and 2005 data are for ages 6 to 8 years.''
Data SourceUtah Oral Health Survey, Utah Department of Health
More Resources and LinksEvidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:
- The Guide to Community Preventive Services
- Health Indicators Warehouse
- County Health Rankings
- Healthy People 2020 Website
Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:
- Health Indicators Warehouse
- County Health Rankings
- Kaiser Family Foundation's StateHealthFacts.org
- CDC WONDER's DATA2010, the Healthy People 2010 Database.
Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.
For an on-line medical dictionary, click on this Dictionary link.
Page Content Updated On 11/03/2017, Published on 11/03/2017