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Complete Health Indicator Report of Community Design: Commute Time

Definition

Commute time using different modes of transportation

Numerator

Number of workers 16 years and older driving 20+ minutes to work [[br]] [[br]] Number and of workers 16 years and older taking public transit 45+ minutes to work [[br]] [[br]] Number of workers 16 Years and older walking 10+ minutes to work

Denominator

Workers age 16 years and older in a given geographic area

Data Interpretation Issues

This dataset only captures commute time to work and does not capture the distance of the trip. [[br]] [[br]] Personal preference and economics also influences commute choices, not just community design. [[br]] [[br]] The American Community Survey (ACS) is a nationwide, continuous survey designed to provide communities with reliable and timely demographic, housing, social, and economic data every year. However, because ACS data are based on a sample, they are subject to sampling variability and include a range of uncertainty. [[br]][[br]] While the ACS provides population, demographic and housing unit estimates, the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program produces and disseminates the official estimates of the population for the nation, states, counties, cities, and towns.

Why Is This Important?

Americans spend considerable time traveling to and from work. In 2013, 86% of American workers commuted by car, while the remainder used other forms of transportation such as public and active (e.g., bicycling and walking) transportation.^1^ [[br]] [[br]] Time spent commuting is associated with several health outcomes, dependending on the travel mode. Longer commute times are generally linked to decreased mental health. Commuting by car for longer periods of time is associated with reduced physical activity and increased levels of obesity. Walking, bicycling, and taking public transportation to work are shown to increase physical activity and weight loss. Tracking how Utahns travel to work and for how long allows for a better understanding of the environmental exposures and health outcomes related to commuting.[[br]] [[br]] ---- 1. McKenzie, B., Who Drives to Work? Commuting by Automobile in the United States: 2013, in American Community Survey Reports. 2015, U.S. Census Bureau.


Graphical Data Views

Commute Time: Average One-Way (minutes for workers 16 years and older for all travel modes) by Year, Utah, 2005-2015

::chart - missing::

Year GroupAverage One-Way Commute Time (in minutes)
Record Count: 7
2005-200921
2006-201021
2007-201121
2008-201222
2009-201321
2010-201422
2011-201522

Data Notes

Data are extracted from the National Environmental Public Health Tracking Network using their API. Average one-way commute measures use the mean commute time data from American Community Survey (ACS) Table S0801 five-year estimates to display the mean commute time for all travel modes combined at various geographic levels. [[br]] [[br]] Remaining measures use the ACS-defined commute time categories from Table B08314 that correspond to the national mean or median one-way commute time for a given transportation type. These categories are used to generate the number and percent of workers aged 16 and older in a given geographic area who have one-way commutes longer than a specified amount of time for a given mode of transportation.

Data Source

American Community Survey


Commute Time: Average One-Way (minutes for workers 16 years and older for all travel modes) by County, Utah, 2011-2015

::chart - missing::

CountyAverage One-Way Commute Time (in minutes)
Record Count: 29
Beaver15
Box Elder23
Cache17
Carbon16
Daggett19
Davis23
Duchesne22
Emery18
Garfield14
Grand13
Iron18
Juab24
Kane13
Millard17
Morgan28
Piute22
Rich22
Salt Lake22
San Juan20
Sanpete21
Sevier17
Summit24
Tooele29
Uintah19
Utah21
Wasatch26
Washington18
Wayne16
Weber22

Data Notes

Data are extracted from the National Environmental Public Health Tracking Network using their API. Average one-way commute measures use the mean commute time data from American Community Survey (ACS) Table S0801 five-year estimates to display the mean commute time for all travel modes combined at various geographic levels. [[br]] [[br]] Remaining measures use the ACS-defined commute time categories from Table B08314 that correspond to the national mean or median one-way commute time for a given transportation type. These categories are used to generate the number and percent of workers aged 16 and older in a given geographic area who have one-way commutes longer than a specified amount of time for a given mode of transportation.

Data Source

American Community Survey


Commute Time: Number of Workers 16 Years and Older Driving 20+ Minutes to Work by Year, Utah, 2007-2015

::chart - missing::

Year GroupNumber of Workers Aged 16+
Record Count: 5
2007-2011514,922
2008-2012526,551
2009-2013531,209
2010-2014545,458
2011-2015559,202

Data Notes

Data are extracted from the National Environmental Public Health Tracking Network using their API. Average one-way commute measures use the mean commute time data from American Community Survey (ACS) Table S0801 five-year estimates to display the mean commute time for all travel modes combined at various geographic levels. [[br]] [[br]] Remaining measures use the ACS-defined commute time categories from Table B08314 that correspond to the national mean or median one-way commute time for a given transportation type. These categories are used to generate the number and percent of workers aged 16 and older in a given geographic area who have one-way commutes longer than a specified amount of time for a given mode of transportation.

Data Source

American Community Survey


Commute Time: Number of Workers 16 Years and Older Driving 20+ Minutes to Work by County, Utah, 2011-2015

::chart - missing::

CountyNumber of Workers Aged 16+
Record Count: 29
Beaver716
Box Elder9,471
Cache12,522
Carbon1,862
Daggett66
Davis67,696
Duchesne3,133
Emery1,399
Garfield420
Grand540
Iron4,159
Juab1,765
Kane597
Millard1,408
Morgan2,604
Piute224
Rich283
Salt Lake254,817
San Juan1,573
Sanpete2,829
Sevier1,935
Summit9,067
Tooele14,380
Uintah3,897
Utah92,401
Wasatch6,044
Washington16,794
Wayne326
Weber46,274

Data Notes

Data are extracted from the National Environmental Public Health Tracking Network using their API. Average one-way commute measures use the mean commute time data from American Community Survey (ACS) Table S0801 five-year estimates to display the mean commute time for all travel modes combined at various geographic levels. [[br]] [[br]] Remaining measures use the ACS-defined commute time categories from Table B08314 that correspond to the national mean or median one-way commute time for a given transportation type. These categories are used to generate the number and percent of workers aged 16 and older in a given geographic area who have one-way commutes longer than a specified amount of time for a given mode of transportation.

Data Source

American Community Survey


Commute Time: Number of Workers 16 Years and Older Taking Public Transportation 45+ Minutes to Work by Year, Utah, 2007-2015

::chart - missing::

Year GroupNumber of Workers Aged 16+
Record Count: 5
2007-201113,174
2008-201214,143
2009-201314,401
2010-201415,655
2011-201516,889

Data Notes

Data are extracted from the National Environmental Public Health Tracking Network using their API. Average one-way commute measures use the mean commute time data from American Community Survey (ACS) Table S0801 five-year estimates to display the mean commute time for all travel modes combined at various geographic levels. [[br]] [[br]] Remaining measures use the ACS-defined commute time categories from Table B08314 that correspond to the national mean or median one-way commute time for a given transportation type. These categories are used to generate the number and percent of workers aged 16 and older in a given geographic area who have one-way commutes longer than a specified amount of time for a given mode of transportation.

Data Source

American Community Survey


Commute Time: Number of Workers 16 Years and Older Taking Public Transportation 45+ Minutes to Work by County, Utah, 2011-2015

::chart - missing::

CountyNumber of Workers Aged 16+
Record Count: 29
Beaver8
Box Elder93
Cache140
Carbon0
Daggett0
Davis2,141
Duchesne29
Emery0
Garfield0
Grand0
Iron35
Juab13
Kane0
Millard3
Morgan5
Piute0
Rich0
Salt Lake9,578
San Juan11
Sanpete2
Sevier24
Summit72
Tooele551
Uintah50
Utah2,910
Wasatch6
Washington86
Wayne0
Weber1,132

Data Notes

Data are extracted from the National Environmental Public Health Tracking Network using their API. Average one-way commute measures use the mean commute time data from American Community Survey (ACS) Table S0801 five-year estimates to display the mean commute time for all travel modes combined at various geographic levels. [[br]] [[br]] Remaining measures use the ACS-defined commute time categories from Table B08314 that correspond to the national mean or median one-way commute time for a given transportation type. These categories are used to generate the number and percent of workers aged 16 and older in a given geographic area who have one-way commutes longer than a specified amount of time for a given mode of transportation.

Data Source

American Community Survey


Commute Time: Number of Workers 16 Years and Older Walking 10+ Minutes to Work by Year, Utah, 2007-2015

::chart - missing::

Year GroupNumber of Workers Aged 16+
Record Count: 5
2007-201118,771
2008-201218,614
2009-201318,805
2010-201418,457
2011-201518,954

Data Notes

Data are extracted from the National Environmental Public Health Tracking Network using their API. Average one-way commute measures use the mean commute time data from American Community Survey (ACS) Table S0801 five-year estimates to display the mean commute time for all travel modes combined at various geographic levels. [[br]] [[br]] Remaining measures use the ACS-defined commute time categories from Table B08314 that correspond to the national mean or median one-way commute time for a given transportation type. These categories are used to generate the number and percent of workers aged 16 and older in a given geographic area who have one-way commutes longer than a specified amount of time for a given mode of transportation.

Data Source

American Community Survey


Commute Time: Number of Workers 16 Years and Older Walking 10+ Minutes to Work by County, Utah, 2011-2015

::chart - missing::

CountyNumber of Workers Aged 16+
Record Count: 29
Beaver12
Box Elder142
Cache1,306
Carbon73
Daggett0
Davis1,317
Duchesne32
Emery39
Garfield0
Grand150
Iron343
Juab24
Kane49
Millard19
Morgan7
Piute2
Rich0
Salt Lake6,600
San Juan133
Sanpete145
Sevier64
Summit100
Tooele208
Uintah110
Utah6,750
Wasatch39
Washington474
Wayne5
Weber811

Data Notes

Data are extracted from the National Environmental Public Health Tracking Network using their API. Average one-way commute measures use the mean commute time data from American Community Survey (ACS) Table S0801 five-year estimates to display the mean commute time for all travel modes combined at various geographic levels. [[br]] [[br]] Remaining measures use the ACS-defined commute time categories from Table B08314 that correspond to the national mean or median one-way commute time for a given transportation type. These categories are used to generate the number and percent of workers aged 16 and older in a given geographic area who have one-way commutes longer than a specified amount of time for a given mode of transportation.

Data Source

American Community Survey


Commute Time: Percentage of Workers 16 Years and Older Driving 20+ Minutes to Work by Year, Utah, 2007-2015

::chart - missing::

Year GroupPercentage of Workers Aged 16+
Record Count: 5
2007-201143.8%
2008-201244.2%
2009-201344.3%
2010-201444.7%
2011-201544.7%

Data Notes

Data are extracted from the National Environmental Public Health Tracking Network using their API. Average one-way commute measures use the mean commute time data from American Community Survey (ACS) Table S0801 five-year estimates to display the mean commute time for all travel modes combined at various geographic levels. [[br]] [[br]] Remaining measures use the ACS-defined commute time categories from Table B08314 that correspond to the national mean or median one-way commute time for a given transportation type. These categories are used to generate the number and percent of workers aged 16 and older in a given geographic area who have one-way commutes longer than a specified amount of time for a given mode of transportation.

Data Source

American Community Survey


Commute Time: Percentage of Workers 16 Years and Older Driving 20+ Minutes to Work by County, Utah, 2011-2015

::chart - missing::

CountyPercentage of Workers Aged 16+
Record Count: 29
Beaver25.3%
Box Elder46.0%
Cache24.3%
Carbon21.2%
Daggett32.5%
Davis48.2%
Duchesne41.7%
Emery36.9%
Garfield22.6%
Grand12.5%
Iron22.1%
Juab43.7%
Kane20.2%
Millard27.7%
Morgan64.4%
Piute37.0%
Rich41.1%
Salt Lake50.7%
San Juan34.6%
Sanpete30.4%
Sevier24.3%
Summit50.1%
Tooele57.7%
Uintah26.6%
Utah41.7%
Wasatch52.7%
Washington31.3%
Wayne28.4%
Weber44.4%

Data Notes

Data are extracted from the National Environmental Public Health Tracking Network using their API. Average one-way commute measures use the mean commute time data from American Community Survey (ACS) Table S0801 five-year estimates to display the mean commute time for all travel modes combined at various geographic levels. [[br]] [[br]] Remaining measures use the ACS-defined commute time categories from Table B08314 that correspond to the national mean or median one-way commute time for a given transportation type. These categories are used to generate the number and percent of workers aged 16 and older in a given geographic area who have one-way commutes longer than a specified amount of time for a given mode of transportation.

Data Source

American Community Survey


Commute Time: Percentage of Workers 16 Years and Older Taking Public Transportation 45+ Minutes to Work by Year, Utah, 2007-2015

::chart - missing::

Year GroupPercentage of Workers Aged 16+
Record Count: 5
2007-20111.1%
2008-20121.2%
2009-20131.2%
2010-20141.3%
2011-20151.4%

Data Notes

Data are extracted from the National Environmental Public Health Tracking Network using their API. Average one-way commute measures use the mean commute time data from American Community Survey (ACS) Table S0801 five-year estimates to display the mean commute time for all travel modes combined at various geographic levels. [[br]] [[br]] Remaining measures use the ACS-defined commute time categories from Table B08314 that correspond to the national mean or median one-way commute time for a given transportation type. These categories are used to generate the number and percent of workers aged 16 and older in a given geographic area who have one-way commutes longer than a specified amount of time for a given mode of transportation.

Data Source

American Community Survey


Commute Time: Percentage of Workers 16 Years and Older Taking Public Transportation 45+ Minutes to Work by County, Utah, 2011-2015

::chart - missing::

CountyPercentage of Workers Aged 16+
Record Count: 29
Beaver0.3%
Box Elder0.4%
Cache0.3%
Carbon0.0%
Daggett0.0%
Davis1.5%
Duchesne0.4%
Emery0.0%
Garfield0.0%
Grand0.0%
Iron0.2%
Juab0.3%
Kane0.0%
Millard0.1%
Morgan0.1%
Piute0.0%
Rich0.0%
Salt Lake1.9%
San Juan0.2%
Sanpete0.0%
Sevier0.3%
Summit0.4%
Tooele2.2%
Uintah0.3%
Utah1.3%
Wasatch0.0%
Washington0.2%
Wayne0.0%
Weber1.1%

Data Notes

Data are extracted from the National Environmental Public Health Tracking Network using their API. Average one-way commute measures use the mean commute time data from American Community Survey (ACS) Table S0801 five-year estimates to display the mean commute time for all travel modes combined at various geographic levels. [[br]] [[br]] Remaining measures use the ACS-defined commute time categories from Table B08314 that correspond to the national mean or median one-way commute time for a given transportation type. These categories are used to generate the number and percent of workers aged 16 and older in a given geographic area who have one-way commutes longer than a specified amount of time for a given mode of transportation.

Data Source

American Community Survey


Commute Time: Percentage of Workers 16 Years and Older Walking 10+ Minutes to Work by Year, Utah, 2007-2015

::chart - missing::

Year GroupPercentage of Workers Aged 16+
Record Count: 5
2007-20111.6%
2008-20121.6%
2009-20131.6%
2010-20141.5%
2011-20151.5%

Data Notes

Data are extracted from the National Environmental Public Health Tracking Network using their API. Average one-way commute measures use the mean commute time data from American Community Survey (ACS) Table S0801 five-year estimates to display the mean commute time for all travel modes combined at various geographic levels. [[br]] [[br]] Remaining measures use the ACS-defined commute time categories from Table B08314 that correspond to the national mean or median one-way commute time for a given transportation type. These categories are used to generate the number and percent of workers aged 16 and older in a given geographic area who have one-way commutes longer than a specified amount of time for a given mode of transportation.

Data Source

American Community Survey


Commute Time: Percentage of Workers 16 Years and Older Walking 10+ Minutes to Work by County, Utah, 2011-2015

::chart - missing::

CountyPercentage of Workers Aged 16+
Record Count: 29
Beaver0.4%
Box Elder0.7%
Cache2.5%
Carbon0.8%
Daggett0.0%
Davis0.9%
Duchesne0.4%
Emery1.0%
Garfield0.0%
Grand3.5%
Iron1.8%
Juab0.6%
Kane1.7%
Millard0.4%
Morgan0.2%
Piute0.3%
Rich0.0%
Salt Lake1.3%
San Juan2.9%
Sanpete1.6%
Sevier0.8%
Summit0.6%
Tooele0.8%
Uintah0.8%
Utah3.0%
Wasatch0.3%
Washington0.9%
Wayne0.4%
Weber0.8%

Data Notes

Data are extracted from the National Environmental Public Health Tracking Network using their API. Average one-way commute measures use the mean commute time data from American Community Survey (ACS) Table S0801 five-year estimates to display the mean commute time for all travel modes combined at various geographic levels. [[br]] [[br]] Remaining measures use the ACS-defined commute time categories from Table B08314 that correspond to the national mean or median one-way commute time for a given transportation type. These categories are used to generate the number and percent of workers aged 16 and older in a given geographic area who have one-way commutes longer than a specified amount of time for a given mode of transportation.

Data Source

American Community Survey

More Resources and Links

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

Page Content Updated On 07/10/2018, Published on 08/10/2018
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's Center for Health Data IBIS-PH web site (http://ibis.health.state.gov). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Fri, 22 March 2019 17:12:08 from Department of Health, Center for Health Data, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.gov ".

Content updated: Fri, 10 Aug 2018 13:07:05 MDT