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Complete Health Indicator Report of Carbon Monoxide: Hospitalizations and Emergency Department (ED) Visits

Definition

Carbon monoxide (CO) is an odorless, colorless, and poisonous gas that can cause sudden illness and death if inhaled.

Numerator

Number of hospitalizations or emergency department visits for carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning

Denominator

Midyear resident population estimates.

Data Interpretation Issues

Hospitalization and emergency department (ED) data may underestimate carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning prevalence because these data may not include those who call poison control centers and are managed at the scene, those who do not seek any medical care, or those who die immediately from CO exposure without medical care. The toxic effects of CO exposure are nonspecific and easily misdiagnosed when CO exposure is not suspected. Misdiagnosed cases are not counted. Due to different surveillance practices, data may not be fully comparable between states or jurisdictions. As of October 1, 2015, the U.S. is currently using the 10th revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) to code hospitalizations and emergency department visits. Prior to the change, carbon monoxide hospitalizations and emergency department vists were defined as any diganosis code that included 986, E868.0, E868.2, E868.3, E868.8, E868.9, E982.1, excluding E950.0-E979.9 and E990.0-E999 (ICD-9 codes). These are now defined as codes in T58 (ICD-10 codes). Comparison of data prior to the code change may not be appropriate.

Why Is This Important?

Hospitalization and emergency department (ED) visits for carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning are almost entirely preventable if proper measures are taken, such as always having a working carbon monoxide detector in your home or work. CO is found in combustion fumes, such as those produced by cars, trucks, small gasoline engines, stoves, lanterns, burning charcoal and wood, gas ranges, and heating systems. Wherever a flame or combustion occurs, some deadly carbon monoxide gas can be produced. CO from these sources can build up in enclosed or semi-enclosed spaces causing people and animals in these spaces to be poisoned by breathing it. CO poisoning is especially of concern after emergency situations such as power outages or natural disasters because of emergency equipment used that give off CO. Generators, grills, camp stoves, gasoline equipment, propane, natural gas, or charcoal-burning devices should never be used inside a home, basement, garage, camper, or even outside near an open window. CO poisoning can also occur outdoors and has been reported while boating. In this case, CO poisoning is attributed mostly to generator exhaust that builds up inside and outside a boat in areas near exhaust vents. Dangerous concentrations of CO can accumulate within seconds; due to the possibility of rapid CO accumulation while boating, it is recommended that all boat owners schedule regular engine and exhaust system maintenance for their boats and install and test daily a battery operated CO detector. CO poisoning is almost entirely preventable. To protect yourself from CO poisoning, use equipment that emits CO responsibly and install a properly working CO detector in your home. These can be purchased at most grocery and home improvement stores for a relatively low cost. Additionally, it is crucial to check and maintain your CO detector including, but not limited to, changing batteries and checking its power source.

What Is Being Done?

Organizations, such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), offer free resources that provide information about CO poisoning and prevention. Also, health promotion and community outreach activities are available to educate the public about CO poisoning and prevention. However, it is primarily up to the individual to practice behaviors that prevent CO poisoning such as installing working CO detectors and using equipment that emits CO gas properly.

Available Services

__Utah Poison Control Center__[[br]] The Utah Poison Control Center (UPCC) is a 24-hour resource for poison information, clinical toxicology consultation, and poison prevention education. This free and confidential service is available 365 days a year. For poison emergencies, questions, and prevention information, call 1-800-222-1222.


Related Indicators

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicators:




Graphical Data Views

Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Emergency Department (ED) Visit Counts by Year, Utah, 2000-2015

::chart - missing::

ICD-9 vs. ICD-10YearNumber of ED Visits
Record Count: 17
ICD-92000255
ICD-92001248
ICD-92002250
ICD-92003213
ICD-92004361
ICD-92005222
ICD-92006326
ICD-92007312
ICD-92008386
ICD-92009268
ICD-92010240
ICD-92011212
ICD-92012199
ICD-92013210
ICD-92014209
ICD-92015132
ICD-10201544

Data Notes

These records use the same data sets that are used for the hospital discharge and emergency department records queries, except the date of admission is used here (instead of the date of discharge). Therefore, small number differences are possible.

Data Source

Emergency Department Encounter Database, Bureau of Emergency Medical Services, Utah Department of Health


Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Emergency Department (ED) Visit Counts by Cause/Intent and Year, Utah, 2000-2015

::chart - missing::

Fire Cause/IntentYearNumber of ED Visits
Record Count: 51
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20001
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20011
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20023
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20033
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20043
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20051
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20062
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20072
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20085
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20091
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20104
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20114
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20122
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20135
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20140
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20150
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related2000200
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related2001221
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related2002227
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related2003148
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related2004277
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related2005171
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related2006246
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related2007288
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related2008344
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related2009234
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related2010187
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related2011180
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related2012101
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related201384
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related201492
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related201562
ICD-9 Unknown Intent200054
ICD-9 Unknown Intent200126
ICD-9 Unknown Intent200220
ICD-9 Unknown Intent200362
ICD-9 Unknown Intent200481
ICD-9 Unknown Intent200550
ICD-9 Unknown Intent200678
ICD-9 Unknown Intent200722
ICD-9 Unknown Intent200837
ICD-9 Unknown Intent200933
ICD-9 Unknown Intent201049
ICD-9 Unknown Intent201128
ICD-9 Unknown Intent201296
ICD-9 Unknown Intent2013121
ICD-9 Unknown Intent2014117
ICD-9 Unknown Intent201570
ICD-10 Unintentional Fire-related20150
ICD-10 Unintentional Non-fire Related201543
ICD-10 Unknown Intent20151

Data Notes

These records use the same data sets that are used for the hospital discharge and emergency department records queries, except the date of admission is used here (instead of the date of discharge). Therefore, small number differences are possible.

Data Source

Emergency Department Encounter Database, Bureau of Emergency Medical Services, Utah Department of Health


Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Emergency Department (ED) Visit Rates by Cause/Intent and Year, Utah, 2000-2015

::chart - missing::

Fire Cause/IntentYearED Visits per 100,000
Record Count: 51
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20000.0
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20010.0
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20020.1
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20030.1
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20040.1
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20050.0
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20060.1
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20070.1
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20080.2
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20090.0
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20100.1
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20110.1
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20120.1
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20130.2
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20140.0
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20150.0
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20008.9
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20019.7
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20029.8
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20036.3
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related200411.5
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20057.0
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20069.7
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related200711.1
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related200812.9
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20098.6
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20106.7
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20116.4
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20123.5
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20132.9
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20143.1
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20152.8
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20002.4
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20011.1
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20020.9
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20032.6
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20043.4
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20052.0
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20063.1
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20070.8
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20081.4
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20091.2
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20101.8
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20111.0
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20123.4
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20134.2
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20144.0
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20153.1
ICD-10 Unintentional Fire-related20150.0
ICD-10 Unintentional Non-fire Related20155.8
ICD-10 Unknown Intent20150.1

Data Notes

These records use the same data sets that are used for the hospital discharge and emergency department records queries, except the date of admission is used here (instead of the date of discharge). Therefore, small number differences are possible.

Data Sources

  • Emergency Department Encounter Database, Bureau of Emergency Medical Services, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2016


Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Age-adjusted Emergency Department (ED) Visit Rates by Cause/Intent and Year, Utah, 2000-2015

::chart - missing::

Fire Cause/IntentYearAge-adjusted ED Visits per 100,000 Population
Record Count: 51
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20000.0
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20010.0
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20020.1
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20030.2
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20040.1
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20050.0
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20060.1
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20070.1
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20080.2
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20090.0
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20100.2
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20110.1
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20120.1
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20130.2
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20140.0
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20150.0
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20008.6
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20019.2
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20029.6
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20035.9
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related200411.1
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20056.9
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20069.5
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related200710.4
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related200812.5
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20099.0
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20106.6
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20116.5
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20123.6
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20133.0
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20143.0
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20153.0
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20002.5
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20011.1
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20020.8
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20032.6
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20043.2
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20051.9
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20063.0
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20070.8
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20081.5
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20091.2
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20101.8
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20111.0
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20123.4
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20134.4
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20144.0
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20153.1
ICD-10 Unintentional Fire-related20150.0
ICD-10 Unintentional Non-fire Related20155.7
ICD-10 Unknown Intent20150.2

Data Notes

These records use the same data sets that are used for the hospital discharge and emergency department records queries, except the date of admission is used here (instead of the date of discharge). Therefore, small number differences are possible.   [[br]] [[br]] Age-adjusted rates were calculated using the direct method to U.S. 2000 standard population.

Data Sources

  • Emergency Department Encounter Database, Bureau of Emergency Medical Services, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2016


Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Hospitalization Counts by Cause/Intent and Year, Utah, 2000-2015

::chart - missing::

Fire Cause/IntentYearNumber of Hospitalizations
Record Count: 51
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20001
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20012
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20020
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20032
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20041
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20051
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20060
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20071
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20082
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20091
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20101
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20111
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20121
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20132
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20140
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20150
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20006
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20017
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20029
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20037
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20047
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related200510
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20065
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related200715
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related200811
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related200914
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related201012
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20118
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related201212
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related201312
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20145
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20153
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20005
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20012
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20026
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20037
ICD-9 Unknown Intent200411
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20054
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20067
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20072
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20088
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20095
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20105
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20116
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20129
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20134
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20146
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20155
ICD-10 Unintentional Fire-related20150
ICD-10 Unintentional Non-fire Related20151
ICD-10 Unknown Intent20151

Data Notes

These records use the same data sets that are used for the hospital discharge and emergency department records queries, except the date of admission is used here (instead of the date of discharge). Therefore, small number differences are possible.

Data Source

Utah Inpatient Hospital Discharge Data, Office of Health Care Statistics, Utah Department of Health


Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Hospitalization Rates by Cause/Intent and Year, Utah, 2000-2015

::chart - missing::

Fire Cause/IntentYearHospitalizations per 100,000 Population
Record Count: 51
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20000.0
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20010.1
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20020.0
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20030.1
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20040.0
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20050.0
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20060.0
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20070.0
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20080.1
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20090.0
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20100.0
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20110.0
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20120.0
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20130.1
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20140.0
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20150.0
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20000.3
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20010.3
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20020.4
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20030.3
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20040.3
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20050.4
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20060.2
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20070.6
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20080.4
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20090.5
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20100.4
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20110.3
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20120.4
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20130.4
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20140.2
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20150.1
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20000.2
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20010.1
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20020.3
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20030.3
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20040.5
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20050.2
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20060.3
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20070.1
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20080.3
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20090.2
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20100.2
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20110.2
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20120.3
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20130.1
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20140.2
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20150.2
ICD-10 Unintentional Fire-related20150.0
ICD-10 Unintentional Non-fire Related20150.1
ICD-10 Unknown Intent20150.1

Data Notes

These records use the same data sets that are used for the hospital discharge and emergency department records queries, except the date of admission is used here (instead of the date of discharge). Therefore, small number differences are possible.

Data Sources

  • Utah Inpatient Hospital Discharge Data, Office of Health Care Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2016


Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Age-adjusted Hospitalization Rates by Cause/Intent and Year, Utah, 2000-2015

::chart - missing::

Fire Cause/IntentYearAge-adjusted Hospitalization Rates per 100,000
Record Count: 51
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20000.0
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20010.1
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20020.0
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20030.1
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20040.0
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20050.0
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20060.0
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20070.0
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20080.1
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20090.0
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20100.0
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20110.0
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20120.0
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20130.1
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20140.0
ICD-9 Unintentional Fire-related20150.0
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20000.4
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20010.4
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20020.4
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20030.4
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20040.3
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20050.4
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20060.2
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20070.6
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20080.5
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20090.6
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20100.5
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20110.3
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20120.4
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20130.4
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20140.2
ICD-9 Unintentional Non-fire Related20150.2
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20000.3
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20010.1
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20020.3
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20030.4
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20040.5
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20050.2
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20060.3
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20070.1
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20080.4
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20090.2
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20100.2
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20110.2
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20120.4
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20130.2
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20140.2
ICD-9 Unknown Intent20150.3
ICD-10 Unintentional Fire-related20150.0
ICD-10 Unintentional Non-fire Related20150.1
ICD-10 Unknown Intent20150.2

Data Notes

These records use the same data sets that are used for the hospital discharge and emergency department records queries, except the date of admission is used here (instead of the date of discharge). Therefore, small number differences are possible.   [[br]] [[br]] Age-adjusted rates were calculated using the direct method to U.S. 2000 standard population.

Data Sources

  • Utah Inpatient Hospital Discharge Data, Office of Health Care Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2016

References and Community Resources

Utah Division of Air Quality - Air Pollutants: Carbon Monoxide[[br]] [https://deq.utah.gov/legacy/pollutants/c/carbon-monoxide/index.htm] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention - Carbon Monoxide Poisoning[[br]] [http://www.cdc.gov/co/default.htm] U.S. Environmental Protection Agency - An Introduction to Indoor Air Quality (IAQ): Carbon Monoxide (CO)[[br]] [https://www.epa.gov/indoor-air-quality-iaq/carbon-monoxides-impact-indoor-air-quality]

More Resources and Links

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

For an on-line medical dictionary, click on this Dictionary link.

Page Content Updated On 04/02/2018, Published on 04/16/2018
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's Center for Health Data IBIS-PH web site (http://ibis.health.state.gov). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Thu, 21 June 2018 0:29:24 from Department of Health, Center for Health Data, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.gov ".

Content updated: Mon, 16 Apr 2018 10:32:00 MDT