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Complete Health Indicator Report of Carbon Monoxide: Hospitalizations and Emergency Department (ED) Visits

Definition

Carbon monoxide (CO) is an odorless, colorless, and poisonous gas that can cause sudden illness and death if inhaled.

Numerator

Number of hospitalizations or emergency department visits for carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning.

Denominator

Midyear resident population estimates.

Data Interpretation Issues

Hospitalization and emergency department (ED) data may underestimate carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning prevalence because these data may not include those who call poison control centers and are managed at the scene, those who do not seek any medical care, or those who die immediately from CO exposure without medical care. Also, the toxic effects of CO exposure are nonspecific and easily misdiagnosed when CO exposure is not suspected. Misdiagnosed cases are not counted. Finally, due to different surveillance practices, data may not be fully comparable between states or jurisdictions.

Why Is This Important?

Hospitalization and emergency department (ED) visits for carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning are almost entirely preventable if proper measures are taken, such as always having a working carbon monoxide detector in your home or work. CO is found in combustion fumes, such as those produced by cars, trucks, small gasoline engines, stoves, lanterns, burning charcoal and wood, gas ranges, and heating systems. Wherever a flame or combustion occurs, some deadly carbon monoxide gas can be produced. CO from these sources can build up in enclosed or semi-enclosed spaces causing people and animals in these spaces to be poisoned by breathing it. CO poisoning is especially concerning after emergency situations, such as power outages or natural disasters, because of certain equipment people use that give off CO. Generators, grills, camp stoves, or other gasoline equipment, propane, natural gas, or charcoal-burning devices should never be used inside a home, basement, garage, camper, or even outside near an open window. CO poisoning can also occur outdoors in fresh air and has been reported while boating. In these cases, CO poisoning has been attributed mostly to generator exhaust that builds up inside and outside a boat in areas near exhaust vents. Dangerous concentrations of CO can accumulate within seconds; therefore, schedule regular engine and exhaust system maintenance for your boat and install a battery operated CO detector that you routinely test each time you use your boat. CO poisoning is almost entirely preventable. To protect yourself from CO poisoning, use equipment that emits CO responsibly and use a properly working carbon monoxide detector in your home. These detectors can be purchased at most grocery and home improvement stores for relatively low cost.

What Is Being Done?

There are organizations that provide free information about carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning and prevention, such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Also, health promotion and outreach activities often take place to educate the public about CO poisoning and prevention. However, it is primarily up to the individual to practice behaviors to prevent CO poisoning such as installing working CO detectors and using equipment properly that emits CO gas.

Available Services

__Utah Poison Control Center__[[br]] The Utah Poison Control Center (UPCC) is a 24-hour resource for poison information, clinical toxicology consultation, and poison prevention education. This free and confidential service is available 365 days a year. For poison emergencies, questions, and prevention information, call 1-800-222-1222.


Related Indicators

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicators:




Graphical Data Views

Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Emergency Department (ED) Visit Counts by Year, Utah, 2000-2014

::chart - missing::

YearNumber of ED Visits
Record Count: 15
2000255
2001248
2002250
2003213
2004361
2005222
2006326
2007312
2008386
2009268
2010240
2011212
2012199
2013210
2014209

Data Notes

These records use the same data sets that are used for the hospital discharge and emergency department records queries, except the date of admission is used here (instead of the date of discharge). Therefore, small number differences are possible.

Data Source

Emergency Department Encounter Database, Bureau of Emergency Medical Services, Utah Department of Health


Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Emergency Department (ED) Visit Counts by Cause/Intent and Year, Utah, 2000-2014

::chart - missing::

Fire Cause/IntentYearNumber of ED Visits
Record Count: 45
Unintentional Fire-related20001
Unintentional Fire-related20014
Unintentional Fire-related20021
Unintentional Fire-related20033
Unintentional Fire-related20043
Unintentional Fire-related20051
Unintentional Fire-related20062
Unintentional Fire-related20072
Unintentional Fire-related20087
Unintentional Fire-related20091
Unintentional Fire-related20104
Unintentional Fire-related20115
Unintentional Fire-related20122
Unintentional Fire-related20135
Unintentional Fire-related20140
Unintentional Non-fire Related2000153
Unintentional Non-fire Related2001186
Unintentional Non-fire Related2002150
Unintentional Non-fire Related2003148
Unintentional Non-fire Related2004277
Unintentional Non-fire Related2005171
Unintentional Non-fire Related2006246
Unintentional Non-fire Related2007257
Unintentional Non-fire Related2008302
Unintentional Non-fire Related2009213
Unintentional Non-fire Related2010187
Unintentional Non-fire Related2011147
Unintentional Non-fire Related2012101
Unintentional Non-fire Related201384
Unintentional Non-fire Related201492
Unknown Intent2000101
Unknown Intent200158
Unknown Intent200299
Unknown Intent200362
Unknown Intent200481
Unknown Intent200550
Unknown Intent200678
Unknown Intent200753
Unknown Intent200877
Unknown Intent200954
Unknown Intent201049
Unknown Intent201160
Unknown Intent201296
Unknown Intent2013121
Unknown Intent2014117

Data Notes

These records use the same data sets that are used for the hospital discharge and emergency department records queries, except the date of admission is used here (instead of the date of discharge). Therefore, small number differences are possible.

Data Source

Emergency Department Encounter Database, Bureau of Emergency Medical Services, Utah Department of Health


Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Hospitalization Counts by Cause/Intent and Year, Utah, 2000-2014

::chart - missing::

Fire Cause/IntentYearNumber of Hospitalizations
Record Count: 45
Unintentional Fire-related20001
Unintentional Fire-related20012
Unintentional Fire-related20020
Unintentional Fire-related20032
Unintentional Fire-related20041
Unintentional Fire-related20051
Unintentional Fire-related20060
Unintentional Fire-related20071
Unintentional Fire-related20082
Unintentional Fire-related20091
Unintentional Fire-related20101
Unintentional Fire-related20111
Unintentional Fire-related20121
Unintentional Fire-related20132
Unintentional Fire-related20140
Unintentional Non-fire Related20006
Unintentional Non-fire Related20017
Unintentional Non-fire Related20029
Unintentional Non-fire Related20037
Unintentional Non-fire Related20047
Unintentional Non-fire Related200510
Unintentional Non-fire Related20064
Unintentional Non-fire Related200713
Unintentional Non-fire Related200810
Unintentional Non-fire Related200914
Unintentional Non-fire Related201012
Unintentional Non-fire Related20118
Unintentional Non-fire Related201212
Unintentional Non-fire Related201311
Unintentional Non-fire Related20145
Unknown Intent20005
Unknown Intent20012
Unknown Intent20026
Unknown Intent20037
Unknown Intent200411
Unknown Intent20054
Unknown Intent20068
Unknown Intent20074
Unknown Intent20089
Unknown Intent20095
Unknown Intent20105
Unknown Intent20116
Unknown Intent20129
Unknown Intent20135
Unknown Intent20146

Data Notes

These records use the same data sets that are used for the hospital discharge and emergency department records queries, except the date of admission is used here (instead of the date of discharge). Therefore, small number differences are possible.

Data Source

Utah Inpatient Hospital Discharge Data, Office of Health Care Statistics, Utah Department of Health

References and Community Resources

Utah Division of Air Quality - Air Pollutants: Carbon Monoxide[[br]] [http://www.deq.utah.gov/Pollutants/C/carbonmonoxide/index.htm] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention - Carbon Monoxide Poisoning[[br]] [http://www.cdc.gov/co/default.htm] U.S. Environmental Protection Agency - An Introduction to Indoor Air Quality (IAQ): Carbon Monoxide (CO)[[br]] [https://www.epa.gov/indoor-air-quality-iaq/carbon-monoxides-impact-indoor-air-quality]

More Resources and Links

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

For an on-line medical dictionary, click on this Dictionary link.

Page Content Updated On 12/15/2016, Published on 12/29/2016
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's Center for Health Data IBIS-PH web site (http://ibis.health.state.gov). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Mon, 20 November 2017 4:48:36 from Department of Health, Center for Health Data, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.gov ".

Content updated: Fri, 26 May 2017 10:19:43 MDT