Skip directly to searchSkip directly to the site navigationSkip directly to the page's main content

Complete Health Indicator Report of Carbon Monoxide Deaths

Definition

Number/rate of intentional and/or unintentional deaths attributed to carbon monoxide (CO) as a primary cause of death. ICD-10 codes used to define carbon monoxide poisoning: T58, with additional codes for intentional (X67), unintentional (X47), or undetermined intent (Y17).

Numerator

Utah resident deaths due to CO poisoning.

Denominator

State population based on 2000 and 2010 census counts, with intercensal years estimated.

Data Interpretation Issues

This indicator includes only data from carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning that resulted in death. This does not include those who were hospitalized or went to the emergency department, those who were treated at the scene, or those who did not seek medical care.

Why Is This Important?

Carbon monoxide (CO) is an odorless, colorless, and poisonous gas that can cause sudden illness and death if inhaled. CO poisoning can happen quickly and without warning. This cause of death is almost entirely preventable if proper measures are taken, such as always having a working carbon monoxide detector in your home or work. CO is found in combustion fumes such as those produced by cars and trucks, small gasoline engines, stoves, lanterns, burning charcoal and wood, gas ranges, and heating systems. Wherever there is a flame or combustion, deadly carbon monoxide gas can be produced. CO from these sources can build up in enclosed or semi-enclosed spaces making the air poisonous for people and animals. CO poisoning is especially of concern after emergency situations such as power outages or natural disasters because of emergency equipment used that give off CO. Generators, grills, camp stoves, gasoline equipment, propane, natural gas, or charcoal-burning devices should never be used inside a home, basement, garage, camper, or even outside near an open window. CO poisoning can also occur outdoors and has been reported while boating. In this case, CO poisoning is attributed mostly to generator exhaust that builds up inside and outside a boat in areas near exhaust vents. Dangerous concentrations of CO can accumulate within seconds; due to the possibility of rapid CO accumulation while boating, it is recommended that all boat owners schedule regular engine and exhaust system maintenance for their boats and install and test daily a battery operated CO detector. CO poisoning is almost entirely preventable. To protect yourself from CO poisoning, use equipment that emits CO responsibly and install a properly working CO detector in your home. These can be purchased at most grocery and home improvement stores for a relatively low cost. Additionally, it is crucial to check and maintain your CO detector including, but not limited to, changing batteries and checking its power source.

What Is Being Done?

Organizations, such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), offer free resources that provide information about CO poisoning and prevention. Also, health promotion and community outreach activities are available to educate the public about CO poisoning and prevention. However, it is primarily up to the individual to practice behaviors that prevent CO poisoning such as installing working CO detectors and using equipment that emits CO gas properly.

Available Services

Utah Poison Control Center[[br]] The Utah Poison Control Center (UPCC) is a 24-hour resource for poison information, clinical toxicology consultation, and poison prevention education. This free and confidential service is available 365 days a year. For poison emergencies, questions, and prevention information call 1-800-222-1222.


Related Indicators

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicators:




Graphical Data Views

Deaths from Carbon Monoxide Poisoning: Counts by Year and Intent, Utah, 2000-2015

::chart - missing::

Injury IntentYearNumber of DeathsNote
Record Count: 32
Unintentional2000**
Unintentional2001**
Unintentional2002**
Unintentional2003**
Unintentional2004**
Unintentional2005**
Unintentional2006**
Unintentional20075*
Unintentional2008**
Unintentional20097*
Unintentional2010**
Unintentional2011**
Unintentional20125*
Unintentional2013**
Unintentional201411
Unintentional2015**
Intentional200021
Intentional200130
Intentional200230
Intentional200323
Intentional200422
Intentional200526
Intentional200624
Intentional200727
Intentional200821
Intentional200918
Intentional201015
Intentional201121
Intentional201224
Intentional20138
Intentional201413
Intentional201514

Data Notes

These are deaths attributed to carbon monoxide as a primary cause of death. Intentional and unintentional/unknown causes were selected (ICD-10 codes T58 and X47). Those that were unintentional/unknown (X00-X09, X76, X97, Y26, and Y17) were subtracted from the total to identify only intentional causes. *Use caution in interpreting, the estimate has a coefficient of variation >30% and is therefore deemed unreliable by Utah Department of Health standards. **The estimate has been suppressed because 1) the relative standard error is greater than 50% or 2) the observed number of events is very small and not appropriate for publication.

Data Source

Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health


Carbon Monoxide Poisoning - Unintentional: Death Counts by Year, Utah, 2000-2015

::chart - missing::

YearNumber of Unintentional DeathsNote
Record Count: 16
2000**
2001**
2002**
2003**
2004**
2005**
2006**
20075*
2008**
20097*
2010**
2011**
20125*
2013**
201411
2015**

Data Notes

These are deaths attributed to carbon monoxide as a primary cause of death that was accidental or unknown (ICD-10 code T58, X47, Y17). *Use caution in interpreting, the estimate has a coefficient of variation >30% and is therefore deemed unreliable by Utah Department of Health standards. **The estimate has been suppressed because 1) the relative standard error is greater than 50% or 2) the observed number of events is very small and not appropriate for publication.

Data Source

Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health


Carbon Monoxide Poisoning - Unintentional: Crude Rates by Year, Utah, 2000-2015

::chart - missing::

YearCrude Rate per 100,000 PopulationNote
Record Count: 16
2000**
2001**
2002**
2003**
2004**
2005**
2006**
20070.2*
2008**
20090.3*
2010**
2011**
20120.2*
2013**
20140.4
2015**

Data Notes

There rates include only unintentional deaths (ICD-10 codes T58, X47, and Y17). *Use caution in interpreting, The estimate has a coefficient of variation >30% and is therefore deemed unreliable by Utah Department of Health standards. **The estimate has been suppressed because 1) the relative standard error is greater than 50% or 2) the observed number of events is very small and not appropriate for publication.

Data Sources

  • Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2016


Carbon Monoxide Poisoning - Unintentional: Age-adjusted Rates by Year, Utah, 2000-2015

::chart - missing::

YearAge-adjusted Rate per 100,000Note
Record Count: 26
2000**
2001**
2002**
2003**
2004**
2005**
2006**
20070.3*
2008**
20090.3*
2010**
2011**
20120.2*
2013**
20140.5
2015**

Data Notes

These rates include only unintentional deaths (ICD-10 codes T58, X47, and Y17). *Use caution in interpreting, the estimate has a coefficient of variation >30% and is therefore deemed unreliable by Utah Department of Health standards. **The estimate has been suppressed because 1) the relative standard error is greater than 50% or 2) the observed number of events is very small and not appropriate for publication.

Data Sources

  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2016
  • Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health

References and Community Resources

Utah Division of Air Quality - Air Pollutants: Carbon Monoxide[[br]] [https://deq.utah.gov/legacy/pollutants/c/carbon-monoxide/index.htm][[br]] [[br]] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention - Carbon Monoxide Poisoning[[br]] [http://www.cdc.gov/co/default.htm][[br]] [[br]] U.S. Environmental Protection Agency - An Introduction to Indoor Air Quality (IAQ): Carbon Monoxide (CO)[[br]] [http://www.epa.gov/iaq/co.html]

More Resources and Links

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

For an on-line medical dictionary, click on this Dictionary link.

Page Content Updated On 02/15/2018, Published on 04/16/2018
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's Center for Health Data IBIS-PH web site (http://ibis.health.state.gov). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Mon, 10 December 2018 4:48:52 from Department of Health, Center for Health Data, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.gov ".

Content updated: Mon, 16 Apr 2018 10:22:01 MDT