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Complete Health Indicator Report of Birth Rates

Definition

Number of live births per 1,000 population.

Numerator

Number of live births.

Denominator

Number of persons in population.

Why Is This Important?

Tracking birth rate patterns among Utah and U.S. women as a whole is critical to understanding population growth and change in this country and in Utah. Birth rates directly relate to a population's need for timely and appropriate preconception, prenatal, neonatal, and postpartum care.

How Are We Doing?

In 2015, there were 50,776 live births to Utah residents, a rate of 16.95 per 1,000 Utahns. This is a decrease from the 2014 birth rate of 17.4, and ultimately, the lowest birth rate in a decade.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

Utah continued to report the highest birth rate in the U.S. with 16.95 live births per 1,000 total population in 2015. The preliminary U.S. birth rate in 2015 of 12.9 per 1,000 population was considerably lower. The U.S. rate increased from the 2014 rate of 12.5. In 2015, the preliminary U.S. birth rate for women aged 20-24 years was 76.9 births per 1,000 women, down 3% from the rate in 2014 of 79.0, reaching yet another record low for the nation. The preliminary rate for women aged 25-29 years was 104.3 births per 1,000 women, dropping 1% from the 2014 rate of 105.8. The number of births to women in their late 20s increased 1% from 2014 to 2015.

What Is Being Done?

Having an overall high birth rate is not a risk factor for poor health outcomes. However, elevated teen pregnancy rates are a concern as these pregnancies are considered to be at higher risk. The preliminary U.S. data for 2015 indicate that the teen birth rate for those 15 through 19 years of age was 22.3, a historic low for the country. The rate was down 8% from 2014 (24.2) and has declined more than 46% since 2007. Since the most recent peak in 1991 (61.8), the rate has declined a total of 64%. Utah's teen birth rate also decreased to a rate of 17.6 in 2015. A variety of educational and prevention activities are targeted to decrease teen birth rates.

Available Services

Access to family planning services are available in Utah from several sources: community health centers, private providers, Title X clinics (Planned Parenthood Association of Utah), and at many city and county health departments. Utah law requires parental consent for unmarried minors to obtain contraception information and services from local health departments in Utah. Preconception and interpregnancy health information is available from the Utah Department of Health. [http://www.poweryourlife.org/]


Related Indicators

Relevant Population Characteristics

There were 50,776 live births to Utah residents in 2015. Of those births, 91.4% were born to White mothers; 1.4% Black/African American; 1.2% American Indian/Alaskan Native; 2.3% Asian; 1.3% Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander; 0.7% other; and 1.7% Unknown. 15.9% of births were to mothers who consider themselves Hispanic.

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicators:


Health Care System Factors

Family planning services are available in Utah from several sources: community health centers and private providers, Title X clinics (Planned Parenthood Association of Utah), and city and county health departments. Utah law requires parental consent for unmarried minors to obtain contraception information and services from local health departments in Utah. One key question is a pregnancy prevention screening where primary care providers ask all women of childbearing age, "Would you like to become pregnant in the next year?" Based on her answer, "yes", "no", "I'm okay either way", or "I don't know", providers give preconception counseling or contraception counseling.

Related Health Care System Factors Indicators:


Related Risk Factors Indicators:


Health Status Outcomes

Interpregnancy spacing, the timing between a live birth and the next pregnancy, can have a risk of pregnancy complications, such as preterm birth, low birthweight, and small for gestational age. Research has shown that short intervals (less than 18 months) and long intervals (60+ months) were associated with higher risks of negative health outcomes for mother and baby. A report released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that 29.6% of women had shorter than recommended interpregnancy intervals. This report is based on 2011 birth certificate in 36 states and the District of Columbia, representing 83% of birth in the U.S. that year. Nearly 27% of Utah moms don't wait the recommended 18 months to become pregnant again.

Related Health Status Outcomes Indicators:




Graphical Data Views

Birth Rates, Utah and U.S., 2005-2015

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confidence limits

Utah vs. U.S.YearNumber of Births per 1,000 ResidentsLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 22
Utah200521.020.821.1
Utah200621.221.021.4
Utah200721.221.021.4
Utah200820.920.721.0
Utah200919.819.619.9
Utah201018.818.619.0
Utah201118.218.018.3
Utah201218.017.918.2
Utah201317.517.417.7
Utah201417.417.217.5
Utah201517.016.817.1
U.S.200514.0
U.S.200614.3
U.S.200714.3
U.S.200814.0
U.S.200913.5
U.S.201013.0
U.S.201112.7
U.S.201212.6
U.S.201312.4
U.S.201412.5
U.S.201512.9

Data Notes

U.S. preliminary 2015 data are the latest available. Utah birth rate for 2015 is from final data.

Data Sources

  • Utah Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2015
  • National Vital Statistics System, National Center for Health Statistics, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


Birth Rate by Age, Utah, 2015

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confidence limits

Age GroupBirth Rate per 1,000 Women in the Same Age GroupLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 6
15-1917.616.818.4
20-2486.484.788.0
25-29162.2159.8164.6
30-34124.0121.9126.1
35-3955.654.257.0
40-4411.310.612.0

Data Notes

An age-specific birth rate is the number of births to women in a certain age group per 1,000 women in the same age group (e.g., births to adolescent mothers per 1,000 adolescent girls of the same age group in the Utah population).

Data Sources

  • Utah Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2015


Birth Rates by Utah Small Area, 2015

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confidence limits

Utah Small AreasNumber of Live Births per 1,000 Total PopulationLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 64
Brigham City17.315.719.1
Box Elder Co (Other)16.815.418.4
Logan20.419.421.4
Cache Co (Oth)/Rich Co (All)17.916.719.2
Ben Lomond16.115.117.1
Morgan Co (All)/Weber Co (E)14.313.215.4
Ogden (Downtown)17.816.419.2
South Ogden15.814.617.1
Roy/Hooper16.615.517.8
Riverdale15.714.217.3
Clearfield/Hill AFB18.817.819.8
Layton17.616.718.6
Syracuse/Kaysville15.214.216.2
Farmington/Centerville15.714.517.0
Woods Cross/North Salt Lake21.519.923.1
Bountiful16.715.517.9
SLC (Rose Park)17.015.718.4
SLC (Avenues)9.48.210.8
SLC (Foothill/U of U)13.512.015.0
Magna17.415.919.0
SLC (Glendale)16.114.717.5
West Valley (West)16.515.717.4
West Valley (East) V217.816.718.9
SLC (Downtown)11.010.112.0
South Salt Lake16.515.018.0
Millcreek15.814.816.8
Holladay13.312.314.4
Cottonwood11.610.612.6
Kearns V219.017.720.4
Taylorsville (E)/Murray (W)17.316.018.7
Taylorsville (West)15.013.816.2
Murray16.715.318.1
Midvale25.223.427.1
West Jordan (NE) V217.215.818.7
West Jordan (SE)15.314.116.6
West Jordan (W)/Copperton15.814.717.0
South Jordan17.016.018.1
Sandy (Center)14.913.915.9
Sandy (NE)10.49.111.7
Sandy (SE)9.88.811.0
Riverton/Draper16.515.817.2
Tooele Co14.914.015.9
Lehi/Cedar Valley26.725.827.7
American Fork/Alpine14.413.515.5
Pleasant Grove/Lindon18.117.019.2
Orem (North)23.622.125.2
Orem (West)23.121.524.7
Orem (East)16.715.118.5
Provo (North)/BYU14.713.715.8
Provo (South)23.722.624.9
Springville/Spanish Fork19.518.620.4
Utah Co (South)19.418.020.8
Summit Co10.99.912.0
Wasatch Co14.813.416.2
TriCounty LHD18.517.419.6
Juab/Millard/Sanpete Co15.214.116.3
Sevier/Piute/Wayne Co14.212.715.7
Carbon/Emery Co14.012.715.4
Grand/San Juan Co15.413.917.0
St George14.713.915.6
Washington Co (Other)13.012.213.9
Cedar City19.117.820.5
Southwest LHD (Other)13.011.614.5
State17.016.817.1

Data Notes

To get more information on Utah Small Area definitions, go to [http://ibis.health.utah.gov/pdf/resource/UtahSmallAreaInfo.pdf].

Data Sources

  • Utah Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population estimates produced by the UDOH Center for Health Data and Informatics. Linear interpolation of U.S. Census Bureau and ESRI ZIP Code data provided annual population estimates for ZIP Code areas by sex and age groups, IBIS Version 2015


Birth Rates by Local Health District, Utah, 2015

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Local Health DistrictNumber of Births per 1,000 ResidentsLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 15
Bear River18.818.219.4
Central14.814.015.7
Davis County17.517.118.0
Salt Lake County15.715.515.9
San Juan (2015+)15.713.817.8
Southeast (2015+)14.213.115.4
Southwest14.914.415.4
Summit10.99.912.0
Tooele14.914.015.9
TriCounty18.517.419.6
Utah County20.820.421.1
Wasatch14.813.416.2
Weber-Morgan16.015.616.6
State of Utah17.016.817.1
U.S.12.9

Data Notes

U.S. 2015 rate is preliminary.

Data Sources

  • Utah Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health
  • Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2015
  • National Vital Statistics System, National Center for Health Statistics, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

References and Community Resources

National Vital Statistics Reports. ''Births: Preliminary Data for 2014.'' Accessed at [http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr64/nvsr64_06.pdf] on 11/13/2015. Utah Department of Health. Utah's Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health. Available online at [http://ibis.health.utah.gov/] Copen CE, Thoma ME, Kirmeyer S. Interpregnancy intervals in the United States: Data from the birth certificate and the National Survey of Family Growth. National vital statistics reports; vol 64 no 3. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2015. Accessed at [http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr64/nvsr64_03.pdf] on 11/13/2015.

More Resources and Links

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

For an on-line medical dictionary, click on this Dictionary link.

Page Content Updated On 03/15/2017, Published on 03/15/2017
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's Center for Health Data IBIS-PH web site (http://ibis.health.state.gov). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Tue, 23 May 2017 20:29:35 from Department of Health, Center for Health Data, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.gov ".

Content updated: Wed, 15 Mar 2017 13:34:56 MDT