Skip directly to searchSkip directly to the site navigationSkip directly to the page's main content

Complete Health Indicator Report of Birth Defects: Down Syndrome

Definition

Number of cases of Down syndrome per 10,000 births.

Numerator

Number of cases of Down syndrome among live births and stillbirths among women residing in Utah.

Denominator

Number of live births and stillbirths among women residing in Utah.

Why Is This Important?

Down syndrome is the most frequent genetic condition of childhood associated with mental retardation. Studying the prevalence and trends of Down syndrome in Utah helps assess the impact of this condition, plan for the resources needed to serve affected people and families, and estimate future needs. This information can also help monitor population-based survival and the level of preventive care provided to people with Down syndrome. The Utah Birth Defect Network (UBDN) has tracked Down syndrome since 1995. The diagnosis of Down syndrome is confirmed with cytogenetic testing that shows the additional chromosome 21 (or piece of 21) that is diagnostic for this condition. Children with Down syndrome are frequently born with additional structural malformations that can significantly affect their health and require surgical and medical treatment. The most common malformations occurring in children with Down syndrome are congenital heart defects (50%). The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has developed recommendations for health, supervision, and anticipatory guidance for infants and children with Down syndrome (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/128/2/393.full.html). The goal is to prevent complications and improve long-term health and survival by early identification of associated conditions and risk factors for morbidity. For example, the Academy recommends that all babies with Down syndrome have a comprehensive evaluation in the first months of life, including an echocardiogram, an eye exam, and so on. With better clinical care and social support, people with Down syndrome are living longer. With appropriate care, people with Down syndrome can expect to live long lives, with varying degrees of independence in the community. The main known risk factor for Down syndrome is advanced maternal age. Awareness of this association can help us to understand the prevalence of Down syndrome in the population, project the future number of affected births based on the trends in age-specific birth rates, and provide a basis for counseling.

Healthy People Objective MICH-2:

Reduce the 1-year mortality rate for infants with Down syndrome
U.S. Target: 43.7 deaths within the first year of life per 1,000 infants with Down syndrome

How Are We Doing?

The UBDN reports a prevalence of Down syndrome in Utah of 15.1 per 10,000 births, or 1 in 660 births, for infants born from 1995 to 2011. The prevalence has remained stable since the UBDN began tracking Down syndrome in 1995. Based on these figures, approximately 75 affected pregnancies occur every year in Utah, with a cumulative total of 1,269 cases from 1995 through 2011. The prevalence is higher among women 35 years of age or older; this too has been constant over time. In Utah, women 35 years of age or older contribute to 9.3% of all births but experience 41.5% of all pregnancies with Down syndrome. To date, there is no evidence to suggest that the prevalence of Down syndrome is increased within any particular racial group. Overall, the first year mortality among Utah infants born from 1995 through 2011 and diagnosed with Down syndrome was 50 per 1,000 infants with Down syndrome. This is slightly higher than the target of 43.7 per 1,000 set by the Healthy People 2020 objectives.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

Because Down syndrome is determined by a chromosomal condition whose risk seems to depend primarily on maternal age, the occurrence of Down syndrome in different populations reflect the population's maternal age distribution, with little variation due to other factors. The overall prevalence of Down syndrome in Utah (15.1 per 10,000 births for 2003 through 2007) is similar to that observed in the Atlanta registry in Georgia (14.5 per 10,000 births for 2003-2007). Such comparison is meaningful because the Atlanta registry (MACDP), which is run by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, uses tracking methods similar to those in the UBDN. The prevalence among women 35 years of age or older (2003-2007) appears to be higher in Utah (67.3 per 10,000 women of that age) than in Atlanta (43 per 10,000). The higher prevalence could depend on the wider age distribution at birth in Utah. Because risk for Down syndrome increases greatly for every year above 35 and particularly above 40, even small differences between Utah and Atlanta with respect to the number of pregnancies occurring in these higher maternal age groups could considerably affect the observed occurrence rates.

What Is Being Done?

The American Academy of Pediatrics has developed specific recommendations for Down syndrome children (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/128/2/393.full.html), from birth through adulthood. Specific services for families of affected children from birth to three years of age are provided in Utah by the Baby Watch Early Intervention Program, Utah Department of Health. Services include child health assessment; service coordination among providers, programs, and agencies; occupational and physical therapy; and speech and language therapy. Information on these services is available at www.utahbabywatch.org. A further resource is the Utah Medical Home Portal, which is a project designed to provide information, tools, and resources for primary care physicians to enhance their ability to care for children with special health care needs. Information on the Utah Medical Home Portal is available at their web site: www.medicalhomeportal.org. The CDC conducted a study of Down syndrome prevalence and survival estimates in 10 regions of the United States during 1979 through 2003 (Shin et al., 2009). The study concluded that estimates varied according to region, race/ethnicity, and gender, suggesting possible variation in prevalence at birth or in survival rates on the basis of these characteristics.

Available Services

Down Syndrome Clinic Primary Children's Hospital 100 N Mario Capecchi Drive Salt Lake City, Utah 84113 Phone (801) 662-1600 Children with Special Health Care Needs 44 N Mario Capecchi Drive PO Box 144610 Salt Lake City, UT 84114-4610 Phone (801) 584-8284 Toll Free (800) 829-8200 http://health.utah.gov/cshcn CSHCN provides services for children who have or are at risk for a chronic physical, developmental, behavioral, or emotional condition. Baby Watch Early Intervention Services Utah Department of Health 44 N Mario Capecchi Drive PO Box 144720 Salt Lake City, Utah 84114-4720 (801) 584-8226 (800) 961-4226 www.utahbabywatch.org Statewide EI services are available for families of affected children from birth to three years of age that include child health assessment, service coordination among providers, occupational and physical therapy, and speech and language therapy.


Related Indicators

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicators:




Graphical Data Views

Down Syndrome Birth Prevalence by Race and Ethnicity, Utah, 1995-2011

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Race/EthnicityPrevalence per 10,000 BirthsLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 6
Native American13.27.021.2
Asian/Pacific Islander15.410.920.8
Black13.45.824.2
Hispanic18.916.421.6
White14.413.415.3
All Races15.014.215.9

Data Notes

Hispanic persons may be of any race.

Data Source

Utah Birth Defect Network


Down Syndrome Birth Prevalence in Women Age 35 and Over and Under Age 35, Utah, 1995-2011

::chart - missing::

Age: BrthDef Age 35YearPrevalence per 10,000 Births
Record Count: 34
Women Age 35 or Older199561.7
Women Age 35 or Older199676.1
Women Age 35 or Older199776.0
Women Age 35 or Older199836.8
Women Age 35 or Older199983.2
Women Age 35 or Older200063.4
Women Age 35 or Older200187.1
Women Age 35 or Older200250.7
Women Age 35 or Older200385.0
Women Age 35 or Older200465.4
Women Age 35 or Older200563.5
Women Age 35 or Older200665.5
Women Age 35 or Older200758.3
Women Age 35 or Older200864.7
Women Age 35 or Older200983.9
Women Age 35 or Older201063.5
Women Age 35 or Older201176.0
Women Under Age 3519959.1
Women Under Age 35199610.7
Women Under Age 35199711.5
Women Under Age 3519988.1
Women Under Age 3519999.2
Women Under Age 3520008.8
Women Under Age 3520018.9
Women Under Age 35200212.4
Women Under Age 35200311.2
Women Under Age 35200410.1
Women Under Age 3520059.1
Women Under Age 3520069.0
Women Under Age 35200710.4
Women Under Age 3520088.1
Women Under Age 3520098.8
Women Under Age 35201010.0
Women Under Age 3520119.4

Data Source

Utah Birth Defect Network

References and Community Resources

Utah Birth Defect Network www.health.utah.gov/birthdefect Utah Down Syndrome Foundation There are chapters in Salt Lake/Tooele, Box Elder, Cache, Central Utah, Davis, Wasatch/Summit, Weber/Morgan, Rich/Wyoming, Southern Utah, Uintah Basin, and Utah County. Contact information for each of these chapters is available on the statewide website: www.udsf.org Utah Parent Center & Family to Family Network 2290 East 4500 South, Suite 110 Salt Lake City, Utah 84117-4428 Phone (801) 272-1051 Toll Free (800) 468-1160 voice or TDD Espanol (801) 272-1067 www.utahparentcenter.org www.utahfamilytofamilynetwork.org Medical Home Portal Department of Pediatrics University of Utah PO Box 581289 Salt Lake City, UT 84158 www.medicalhomeportal.org Utah Family Voices - Family to Family Health Information Center Phone (801) 272-1068 Toll Free (800) 468-1160

More Resources and Links

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

For an on-line medical dictionary, click on this Dictionary link.

Page Content Updated On 11/18/2014, Published on 07/23/2015
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's Center for Health Data IBIS-PH web site (http://ibis.health.state.gov). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Wed, 02 September 2015 4:31:31 from Department of Health, Center for Health Data, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.gov ".

Content updated: Tue, 28 Jul 2015 19:46:06 MDT