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Complete Indicator Report of Adolescent Births

Definition

The adolescent birth rate is reported as the number of live births per 1,000 adolescent females.

Numerator

The number of live births to adolescent mothers.

Denominator

The number of adolescent females in the population.

Data Interpretation Issues

The adolescent birth rate does not include abortions or miscarriages, and is an underestimate of the adolescent pregnancy rate.

Why Is This Important?

Research indicates that bearing a child during adolescence is associated with long-term difficulties for the mother, her child, and society. These consequences are often attributable to poverty and other adverse socioeconomic circumstances that frequently accompany early childbearing.

Compared to babies born to older mothers, babies born to adolescent mothers, particularly young adolescent mothers, are at higher risk of low birthweight and infant mortality. These babies are more likely to grow up in homes that offer lower levels of emotional support and cognitive stimulation, and they are less likely to earn a high school diploma. For the mothers, giving birth during adolescence is associated with limited educational attainment, which in turn can reduce future employment prospects and earning potential.

Other Objectives

Utah's 42 Community Health Indicators
Similar to HP2020 Objective FP-8: Reduce PREGNANCY rates among adolescent females.

How Are We Doing?

The teen birth rates per 1,000 females aged 15-19 in Utah, for the past five years were:

2009: 30.8
2010: 27.9
2011: 23.7
2012: 23.2
2013: 20.6

A high proportion, 84.6% of Utah females aged 15-17 and 64.3% of Utah females aged 18-19 reported their pregnancy as unintended in the 2011 Pregnancy Risk Assessment and Monitoring Survey (PRAMS).

How Do We Compare With U.S.?

Utah's adolescent birth rate has been lower than the United States' overall rate over the past decade, but is higher than several other states. Utah and U.S. adolescent birth rates per 1,000 females age 15-19 for the past five years were:

2009-Utah 30.8/U.S. 37.9
2010-Utah 27.9/U.S. 34.2
2011-Utah 23.7/U.S. 31.3
2012-Utah 23.2/U.S. 29.4
2013-Utah 20.6/U.S. 26.6*

*Preliminary data

What Is Being Done?

Teen Pregnancy Prevention Programs:

The Utah Department of Health receives federal funding from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families for two programs addressing teen pregnancy prevention in Utah.

The first program is for Abstinence Education Programs targeting Utah youth ages 10-16 with a specific focus on youth in the Utah Juvenile Justice System, youth of Hispanic origin and/or non-White race, and youth residing in areas with adolescent birth rates higher than Utah's state rate. Through a competitive bid process, the Utah Department of Health (UDOH) sub-contracted these federal funds to several community organizations.

The second program is for Personal Responsibility Education Programs (PREP). Funds must be used for a program designed to educate adolescents on both abstinence and contraception to prevent pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, including HIV/AIDS, and three adulthood preparation subjects (healthy relationships, education and career success, and healthy life skills). Through a competitive bid process, the Utah Department of Health sub-contracted these funds to several community organizations. The target population is Utah youth ages 14-19 with a specific focus on youth in the Utah Juvenile Justice System, youth of Hispanic origin and/or non-White race, current teen moms, and youth residing in areas with adolescent birth rates higher than Utah's state rate.

For more information or questions regarding the two programs mentioned above, contact 801-538-6253, or egerke@utah.gov.

Available Services

Plan Your Health: Live Your Life Booklets:
This resource promotes the concept of lifetime health among adolescents. It also focuses on the importance of making a life plan and deciding whether that plan includes becoming a parent someday or not. Furthermore, this tool outlines many variables and behaviors that increase the likelihood of having healthy pregnancy outcomes in the future. Whether or not a pregnancy occurs in the future, adolescents need to be aware that how they treat their body now, can directly affect birth outcomes down the road. The information provided in this tool empowers adolescents with the knowledge they need to make wise decisions about their health, life goals, and reproductive future. Copies of this resource are available free of charge to Utah residents and organizations. To request copies, please call 801-538-6253, or send e-mail to egerke@utah.gov. The booklet is available in English and Spanish and can be viewed in English at the following site: http://health.utah.gov/mihp/pdf/Teen_RLP_082709.pdf.



Related Indicators

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicators:


Related Health Care System Factors Indicators:


Risk Factors

Experiencing birth during adolescence can increase a teen's risk of acquiring a sexually-transmitted infection as well as seriously hinder future financial stability due to limited educational attainment.

Related Risk Factors Indicators:


Related Health Status Outcomes Indicators:




Graphical Data Views

Birth Rate for Females Aged 15-19 by Race, Utah, 2013

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confidence limits

Race Rate per 1,000 Adolescent Females Lower Limit Upper Limit Note
Record Count: 7
American Indian/Native Alaskan 40.4 31.8 50.6
Asian 7.5 4.4 12.1
Black 30.1 22.2 39.8
Pacific Islander 25.8 17.8 36.3
White 20.6 19.8 21.6
All Races 20.6 19.7 21.4
U.S. 26.6 *

Data Notes

*U.S. data is preliminary for 2013.

Data Sources

Utah Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health. Population Estimates by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin for Counties in Utah, U.S. Bureau of the Census, IBIS Version 2013. National Vital Statistics System, National Center for Health Statistics, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.



Birth Rate for Females Aged 15-19 by Ethnicity, Utah, 2013

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confidence limits

Hispanic Ethnicity Rate per 1,000 Adolescent Females Lower Limit Upper Limit Note
Record Count: 4
Hispanic 49.6 46.4 53.1
Non-Hispanic 14.6 13.8 15.4
All Utahns 20.6 19.7 21.4
U.S. 26.6 *

Data Notes

*U.S. data is preliminary for 2013.

Data Sources

Utah Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health. Population Estimates by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin for Counties in Utah, U.S. Bureau of the Census, IBIS Version 2013. National Vital Statistics System, National Center for Health Statistics, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.



Birth Rate for Females Aged 15-19 by Local Health District, Utah, 2013

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confidence limits

Local Health District Rate per 1,000 Adolescent Females Lower Limit Upper Limit Note
Record Count: 14
Bear River 17.0 14.2 20.2
Central 17.4 13.2 22.4
Davis County 14.6 12.5 17.0
Salt Lake County 25.4 23.8 27.1
Southeastern 30.4 23.3 38.8
Southwest 18.8 15.9 22.1
Summit 15.6 9.5 24.1
Tooele 26.5 20.5 33.7
TriCounty 39.2 30.8 49.0
Utah County 12.7 11.3 14.2
Wasatch 17.2 10.0 27.5
Weber-Morgan 31.0 27.4 35.0
State 20.6 19.7 21.4
U.S. 26.6 ^

Data Notes

^2013 U.S. preliminary rate.

Data Sources

Utah Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health. Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2013. National Vital Statistics System, National Center for Health Statistics, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.



Birth Rate for Females Aged 15-19 by Utah Small Area, 2012-2013 and Utah and U.S., 2013

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confidence limits

Utah Small Areas Rate per 1,000 Adolescent Females Lower Limit Upper Limit Note
Record Count: 65
Brigham City 28.2 20.8 37.4
Box Elder Co (Other) 25.2 18.6 33.3
Logan 18.0 15.1 21.3
Cache Co (Oth)/Rich Co (All) 16.5 12.5 21.4
Ben Lomond 41.3 35.1 48.2
Morgan Co (All)/Weber Co (E) 8.9 6.0 12.7
Ogden (Downtown) 48.6 40.4 58.0
South Ogden 33.7 27.2 41.4
Roy/Hooper 27.1 21.7 33.5
Riverdale 27.3 20.1 36.4
Clearfield/Hill AFB 29.1 24.5 34.2
Layton 19.6 16.1 23.6
Syracuse/Kaysville 11.3 8.4 14.7
Farmington/Centerville 6.7 3.9 10.8
Woods Cross/North Salt Lake 20.8 14.8 28.5
Bountiful 10.0 6.8 14.1
SLC (Rose Park) 57.8 48.7 68.1
SLC (Avenues) 6.8 3.0 13.5 *
SLC (Foothill/U of U) ** **
Magna 38.2 30.0 48.0
SLC (Glendale) 69.6 58.6 82.2
West Valley (West) 40.7 35.8 46.1
West Valley (East) V2 57.1 49.2 66.0
SLC (Downtown) 11.9 8.0 17.0
South Salt Lake 64.8 52.0 79.8
Millcreek 10.4 7.2 14.6
Holladay 12.9 8.9 18.0
Cottonwood 7.9 4.8 12.2
Kearns V2 48.1 40.4 56.8
Taylorsville (E)/Murray (W) 44.0 36.0 53.2
Taylorsville (West) 26.6 20.7 33.5
Murray 35.8 27.6 45.8
Midvale 53.8 43.0 66.4
West Jordan (NE) V2 27.7 21.1 35.6
West Jordan (SE) 24.0 18.6 30.6
West Jordan (W)/Copperton 16.6 12.6 21.5
South Jordan 10.6 7.7 14.1
Sandy (Center) 19.8 15.4 25.0
Sandy (NE) ** **
Sandy (SE) 6.6 3.8 10.8
Riverton/Draper 10.0 8.0 12.3
Tooele Co 30.2 25.4 35.7
Lehi/Cedar Valley 14.3 11.3 17.9
American Fork/Alpine 8.5 6.1 11.4
Pleasant Grove/Lindon 11.0 8.2 14.4
Orem (North) 23.2 17.8 29.7
Orem (West) 15.9 11.9 20.9
Orem (East) 6.6 3.5 11.4
Provo (North)/BYU 3.0 2.1 4.2
Provo (South) 23.9 20.0 28.2
Springville/Spanish Fork 17.3 14.3 20.6
Utah Co (South) 25.5 20.2 31.8
Summit Co 16.1 11.4 22.1
Wasatch Co 20.9 14.7 29.0
TriCounty LHD 41.7 35.5 48.7
Juab/Millard/Sanpete Co 17.1 13.8 20.9
Sevier/Piute/Wayne Co 29.8 22.2 39.2
Carbon/Emery Co 30.3 23.6 38.4
Grand/San Juan Co 37.3 29.0 47.3
St George 19.1 15.7 23.0
Washington Co (Other) 18.3 14.7 22.6
Cedar City 17.4 13.8 21.8
Southwest LHD (Other) 27.9 20.1 37.7
State 20.6 19.7 21.4 ^
U.S. 26.6 ^^

Data Notes

A description of the Utah Small Areas may be found on IBIS at the following URL: http://ibis.health.utah.gov/query/Help.html.

*Use caution in interpreting, the estimate has a coefficient of variation >30% and is therefore deemed unreliable by Utah Department of Health standards.

**The estimate has been suppressed because 1) the relative standard error is greater than 50% or the relative standard error can't be determined or 2) the observed number of events is very small and not appropriate for publication.

^2013 Utah rate.

^^2013 U.S. preliminary rate.

Data Sources

Utah Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health. Population estimates produced by staff in the UDOH Center for Health Data and Informatics. Linear interpolation of U.S. Census Bureau and ESRI ZIP Code data provided annual population estimates for ZIP Code areas by sex and age groups, IBIS Version 2013. National Vital Statistics System, National Center for Health Statistics, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.



Adolescent Birth Rate by Age of Mother, Utah and U.S., 1997-2013

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confidence limits

Age 15-17 vs 18-19, UT & US Year Rate per 1,000 Adolescent Females Lower Limit Upper Limit Note
Record Count: 68
Utah Mothers Age 15-17 1997 24.4 23.2 25.8
Utah Mothers Age 15-17 1998 23.3 22.1 24.6
Utah Mothers Age 15-17 1999 23.7 22.4 25.0
Utah Mothers Age 15-17 2000 21.0 19.9 22.2
Utah Mothers Age 15-17 2001 18.2 17.1 19.3
Utah Mothers Age 15-17 2002 16.8 15.8 17.9
Utah Mothers Age 15-17 2003 15.7 14.7 16.8
Utah Mothers Age 15-17 2004 14.6 13.6 15.6
Utah Mothers Age 15-17 2005 15.4 14.4 16.4
Utah Mothers Age 15-17 2006 16.2 15.2 17.3
Utah Mothers Age 15-17 2007 18.4 17.4 19.6
Utah Mothers Age 15-17 2008 18.2 17.1 19.3
Utah Mothers Age 15-17 2009 16.0 15.0 17.0
Utah Mothers Age 15-17 2010 14.0 13.0 14.9
Utah Mothers Age 15-17 2011 11.1 10.3 12.0
Utah Mothers Age 15-17 2012 10.3 9.5 11.1
Utah Mothers Age 15-17 2013 8.6 7.9 9.4
U.S. Mothers Age 15-17 1997 31.4
U.S. Mothers Age 15-17 1998 29.9
U.S. Mothers Age 15-17 1999 28.2
U.S. Mothers Age 15-17 2000 26.9
U.S. Mothers Age 15-17 2001 24.5
U.S. Mothers Age 15-17 2002 23.1
U.S. Mothers Age 15-17 2003 22.2
U.S. Mothers Age 15-17 2004 21.8
U.S. Mothers Age 15-17 2005 21.1
U.S. Mothers Age 15-17 2006 21.6
U.S. Mothers Age 15-17 2007 21.7
U.S. Mothers Age 15-17 2008 21.1
U.S. Mothers Age 15-17 2009 19.6
U.S. Mothers Age 15-17 2010 17.3
U.S. Mothers Age 15-17 2011 15.4
U.S. Mothers Age 15-17 2012 14.1
U.S. Mothers Age 15-17 2013 12.3 *
Utah Mothers Age 18-19 1997 71.4 68.9 74.0
Utah Mothers Age 18-19 1998 68.8 66.3 71.2
Utah Mothers Age 18-19 1999 64.1 61.8 66.4
Utah Mothers Age 18-19 2000 59.1 57.0 61.3
Utah Mothers Age 18-19 2001 58.7 56.5 60.9
Utah Mothers Age 18-19 2002 55.6 53.5 57.8
Utah Mothers Age 18-19 2003 52.3 50.3 54.5
Utah Mothers Age 18-19 2004 52.2 50.1 54.3
Utah Mothers Age 18-19 2005 50.5 48.5 52.6
Utah Mothers Age 18-19 2006 56.4 54.2 58.6
Utah Mothers Age 18-19 2007 58.2 56.0 60.4
Utah Mothers Age 18-19 2008 56.4 54.3 58.6
Utah Mothers Age 18-19 2009 50.3 48.3 52.4
Utah Mothers Age 18-19 2010 47.0 45.1 49.1
Utah Mothers Age 18-19 2011 42.1 40.2 44.0
Utah Mothers Age 18-19 2012 42.8 40.9 44.8
Utah Mothers Age 18-19 2013 39.0 37.2 40.9
U.S. Mothers Age 18-19 1997 82.1
U.S. Mothers Age 18-19 1998 80.9
U.S. Mothers Age 18-19 1999 79.1
U.S. Mothers Age 18-19 2000 78.1
U.S. Mothers Age 18-19 2001 75.5
U.S. Mothers Age 18-19 2002 72.2
U.S. Mothers Age 18-19 2003 69.6
U.S. Mothers Age 18-19 2004 68.7
U.S. Mothers Age 18-19 2005 68.4
U.S. Mothers Age 18-19 2006 71.2
U.S. Mothers Age 18-19 2007 71.7
U.S. Mothers Age 18-19 2008 68.2
U.S. Mothers Age 18-19 2009 64.0
U.S. Mothers Age 18-19 2010 58.2
U.S. Mothers Age 18-19 2011 54.1
U.S. Mothers Age 18-19 2012 51.4
U.S. Mothers Age 18-19 2013 47.4 *

Data Notes

*U.S. data is preliminary for 2013.

Data Sources

Utah Birth Certificate Database, Office of Vital Records and Statistics, Utah Department of Health. Population Estimates: National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) through a collaborative agreement with the U.S. Census Bureau, IBIS Version 2013. National Vital Statistics System, National Center for Health Statistics, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.


References and Community Resources

Utah Department of Health
Maternal and Infant Health Program
http://health.utah.gov/mihp/

National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy
http://www.thenationalcampaign.org/

Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Adolescent and School Health (DASH)
http://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/

More Resources and Links

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

For an on-line medical dictionary, click on this Dictionary link.

Page Content Updated On 11/25/2014, Published on 12/09/2014
The information provided above is from the Utah Department of Health's Center for Health Data IBIS-PH web site (http://ibis.health.utah.gov). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Sat, 20 December 2014 8:44:47 from Utah Department of Health, Center for Health Data, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.utah.gov".

Content updated: Tue, 9 Dec 2014 11:17:05 MST